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Subject[PATCH BUGFIX IMPROVEMENT 14/14] block, bfq: fix in-service-queue check for queue merging
When a new I/O request arrives for a bfq_queue, say Q, bfq checks
whether that request is close to
(a) the head request of some other queue waiting to be served, or
(b) the last request dispatched for the in-service queue (in case Q
itself is not the in-service queue)

If a queue, say Q2, is found for which the above condition holds, then
bfq merges Q and Q2, to hopefully get a more sequential I/O in the
resulting merged queue, and thus a possibly higher throughput.

Case (b) is checked by comparing the new request for Q with the last
request dispatched, assuming that the latter necessarily belonged to
the in-service queue. Unfortunately, this assumption is no longer
always correct, since commit d0edc2473be9 ("block, bfq: inject
other-queue I/O into seeky idle queues on NCQ flash").

When the assumption does not hold, queues that must not be merged may
be merged, causing unexpected loss of control on per-queue service

This commit solves this problem by adding an extra field, which stores
the actual last request dispatched for the in-service queue, and by
using this new field to correctly check case (b).

Signed-off-by: Paolo Valente <>
block/bfq-iosched.c | 5 ++++-
block/bfq-iosched.h | 3 +++
2 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/block/bfq-iosched.c b/block/bfq-iosched.c
index 06268449d2ca..4c592496a16a 100644
--- a/block/bfq-iosched.c
+++ b/block/bfq-iosched.c
@@ -2251,7 +2251,8 @@ bfq_setup_cooperator(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct bfq_queue *bfqq,

if (in_service_bfqq && in_service_bfqq != bfqq &&
likely(in_service_bfqq != &bfqd->oom_bfqq) &&
- bfq_rq_close_to_sector(io_struct, request, bfqd->last_position) &&
+ bfq_rq_close_to_sector(io_struct, request,
+ bfqd->in_serv_last_pos) &&
bfqq->entity.parent == in_service_bfqq->entity.parent &&
bfq_may_be_close_cooperator(bfqq, in_service_bfqq)) {
new_bfqq = bfq_setup_merge(bfqq, in_service_bfqq);
@@ -2791,6 +2792,8 @@ static void bfq_update_peak_rate(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct request *rq)
bfq_update_rate_reset(bfqd, rq);
bfqd->last_position = blk_rq_pos(rq) + blk_rq_sectors(rq);
+ if (RQ_BFQQ(rq) == bfqd->in_service_queue)
+ bfqd->in_serv_last_pos = bfqd->last_position;
bfqd->last_dispatch = now_ns;

diff --git a/block/bfq-iosched.h b/block/bfq-iosched.h
index 30be669be465..062e1c4787f4 100644
--- a/block/bfq-iosched.h
+++ b/block/bfq-iosched.h
@@ -538,6 +538,9 @@ struct bfq_data {
/* on-disk position of the last served request */
sector_t last_position;

+ /* position of the last served request for the in-service queue */
+ sector_t in_serv_last_pos;
/* time of last request completion (ns) */
u64 last_completion;

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