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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/9] clk: Introduce get_parent_hw clk op
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On Mon, 2019-01-28 at 22:10 -0800, Stephen Boyd wrote:
> The clk_ops::get_parent function is limited in ability to return errors
> because it returns a u8. A "workaround" to return an error is to return
> a number >= the number of parents of a clk. This will in turn cause the
> framework to "orphan" the clk and make the parent of the clk NULL. This
> isn't really correct, because if an error occurs while reading the
> parents of a clk we should fail the clk registration, instead of
> orphaning the clk and waiting for the clk to appear later.
>
> We really need to have three different return values from the get_parent
> clk op. Something valid for a clk that exists, something invalid for a
> clk that doesn't exist and never will exist or can't be determined
> because the register operation to read the parent failed, and something
> for a clk that doesn't exist because the framework doesn't know about
> what it is. Introduce a new clk_op that can express all of this by
> returning a pointer to the clk_hw of the parent. It's expected that clk
> provider drivers will return a valid pointer when the parent is
> findable, an error pointer like EPROBE_DEFER if their parent provider
> hasn't probed yet but is valid, a NULL pointer if they can't find the
> clk but index is valid, and an error pointer with an appropriate error
> code otherwise.
>
> Cc: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
> Cc: Jerome Brunet <jbrunet@baylibre.com>
> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
> Cc: Michael Turquette <mturquette@baylibre.com>
> Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@kernel.org>
> ---
> drivers/clk/clk.c | 117 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> include/linux/clk-provider.h | 9 +++
> 2 files changed, 96 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/clk/clk.c b/drivers/clk/clk.c
> index 01b36f0851bd..5d82cf25bb29 100644
> --- a/drivers/clk/clk.c
> +++ b/drivers/clk/clk.c
> @@ -2242,14 +2242,84 @@ struct clk *clk_get_parent(struct clk *clk)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clk_get_parent);
>
> -static struct clk_core *__clk_init_parent(struct clk_core *core)
> +static struct clk_core *
> +__clk_init_parent(struct clk_core *core, bool update_orphan)
> {
> u8 index = 0;
> + struct clk_hw *parent_hw = NULL;
>
> - if (core->num_parents > 1 && core->ops->get_parent)
> - index = core->ops->get_parent(core->hw);
> + if (core->ops->get_parent_hw) {
> + parent_hw = core->ops->get_parent_hw(core->hw);
> + /*
> + * The provider driver doesn't know what the parent is,
> + * but it's at least something valid, so it's not an
> + * orphan, just a clk with some unknown parent.
> + */

I suppose this is the answer the discussion we had last year. I'm not sure it
answer the problem. In the case I presented, we have no idea wether the
setting is valid or not.

We can't assume it is `at least something valid`, the value in the mux is just
something we can't map.

Aslo, could you provide an example of what such callback would be, with clk-
mux maybe ?

I don't get how a clock driver will keep track of the clk_hw pointers it is
connected to. Is there an API for this ? clk-mux must access to clk_core to
explore his own parent ... which already does not scale well, expect if we
plan to expose clk_core at some point ?

> + if (!parent_hw && update_orphan)
> + core->orphan = false;
> + } else {
> + if (core->num_parents > 1 && core->ops->get_parent)

I still get why, when num_parents == 1, it is OK to call get_parent_hw() and
no get_parent(). It does not seems coherent.

> + index = core->ops->get_parent(core->hw);
> +
> + parent_hw = clk_hw_get_parent_by_index(core->hw, index);
> + }
> +
> + if (IS_ERR(parent_hw)) {
> + /* Parent clk provider hasn't probed yet, orphan it */
> + if (PTR_ERR(parent_hw) == -EPROBE_DEFER) {
> + if (update_orphan)
> + core->orphan = true;
> +
> + return NULL;
> + }
> +
> + return ERR_CAST(parent_hw);
> + }
> +
> + if (!parent_hw)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + return parent_hw->core;
> +}
> +
> +static int clk_init_parent(struct clk_core *core)
> +{
> + core->parent = __clk_init_parent(core, true);
> + if (IS_ERR(core->parent))
> + return PTR_ERR(core->parent);
> +
> + /*
> + * Populate core->parent if parent has already been clk_core_init'd.
> If
> + * parent has not yet been clk_core_init'd then place clk in the
> orphan
> + * list. If clk doesn't have any parents then place it in the root
> + * clk list.
> + *
> + * Every time a new clk is clk_init'd then we walk the list of orphan
> + * clocks and re-parent any that are children of the clock currently
> + * being clk_init'd.
> + */
> + if (core->parent) {
> + hlist_add_head(&core->child_node,
> + &core->parent->children);
> + core->orphan = core->parent->orphan;
> + } else if (!core->num_parents) {
> + hlist_add_head(&core->child_node, &clk_root_list);
> + core->orphan = false;
> + } else {
> + hlist_add_head(&core->child_node, &clk_orphan_list);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
>
> - return clk_core_get_parent_by_index(core, index);
> +static struct clk_core *clk_find_parent(struct clk_core *core)
> +{
> + return __clk_init_parent(core, false);
> +}
> +
> +static bool clk_has_parent_op(const struct clk_ops *ops)
> +{
> + return ops->get_parent || ops->get_parent_hw;
> }
>
> static void clk_core_reparent(struct clk_core *core,
> @@ -3045,14 +3115,14 @@ static int __clk_core_init(struct clk_core *core)
> goto out;
> }
>
> - if (core->ops->set_parent && !core->ops->get_parent) {
> + if (core->ops->set_parent && !clk_has_parent_op(core->ops)) {
> pr_err("%s: %s must implement .get_parent & .set_parent\n",
> __func__, core->name);
> ret = -EINVAL;
> goto out;
> }
>
> - if (core->num_parents > 1 && !core->ops->get_parent) {
> + if (core->num_parents > 1 && !clk_has_parent_op(core->ops)) {
> pr_err("%s: %s must implement .get_parent as it has multi
> parents\n",
> __func__, core->name);
> ret = -EINVAL;
> @@ -3073,29 +3143,9 @@ static int __clk_core_init(struct clk_core *core)
> "%s: invalid NULL in %s's .parent_names\n",
> __func__, core->name);
>
> - core->parent = __clk_init_parent(core);
> -
> - /*
> - * Populate core->parent if parent has already been clk_core_init'd.
> If
> - * parent has not yet been clk_core_init'd then place clk in the
> orphan
> - * list. If clk doesn't have any parents then place it in the root
> - * clk list.
> - *
> - * Every time a new clk is clk_init'd then we walk the list of orphan
> - * clocks and re-parent any that are children of the clock currently
> - * being clk_init'd.
> - */
> - if (core->parent) {
> - hlist_add_head(&core->child_node,
> - &core->parent->children);
> - core->orphan = core->parent->orphan;
> - } else if (!core->num_parents) {
> - hlist_add_head(&core->child_node, &clk_root_list);
> - core->orphan = false;
> - } else {
> - hlist_add_head(&core->child_node, &clk_orphan_list);
> - core->orphan = true;
> - }
> + ret = clk_init_parent(core);
> + if (ret)
> + goto out;
>
> /*
> * optional platform-specific magic
> @@ -3173,7 +3223,14 @@ static int __clk_core_init(struct clk_core *core)
> * parent.
> */
> hlist_for_each_entry_safe(orphan, tmp2, &clk_orphan_list, child_node)
> {
> - struct clk_core *parent = __clk_init_parent(orphan);
> + struct clk_core *parent = clk_find_parent(orphan);
> +
> + /*
> + * Error parent should have been caught before and returned
> + * as an error during registration.
> + */
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ERR(parent)))
> + continue;
>
> /*
> * We need to use __clk_set_parent_before() and _after() to
> diff --git a/include/linux/clk-provider.h b/include/linux/clk-provider.h
> index 60c51871b04b..8b84dee942bf 100644
> --- a/include/linux/clk-provider.h
> +++ b/include/linux/clk-provider.h
> @@ -155,6 +155,14 @@ struct clk_duty {
> * multiple parents. It is optional (and unnecessary) for clocks
> * with 0 or 1 parents.
> *
> + * @get_parent_hw: Queries the hardware to determine the parent of a
> clock. The
> + * return value is a clk_hw pointer corresponding to
> + * the parent clock. In short, this function translates the
> parent
> + * value read from hardware into a pointer to the clk_hw for that
> clk.
> + * Currently only called when the clock is initialized by
> + * __clk_init. This callback is mandatory for clocks with
> + * multiple parents. It is optional for clocks with 0 or 1
> parents.
> + *

The comments above could imply that get_parent() and get_parent_hw() are both
mandatory if num_parent > 1. (I don't think so but) Is this your intent ?

> * @set_rate: Change the rate of this clock. The requested rate is
> specified
> * by the second argument, which should typically be the return
> * of .round_rate call. The third argument gives the parent rate
> @@ -238,6 +246,7 @@ struct clk_ops {
> struct clk_rate_request *req);
> int (*set_parent)(struct clk_hw *hw, u8 index);
> u8 (*get_parent)(struct clk_hw *hw);
> + struct clk_hw * (*get_parent_hw)(struct clk_hw *hw);
> int (*set_rate)(struct clk_hw *hw, unsigned long rate,
> unsigned long parent_rate);
> int (*set_rate_and_parent)(struct clk_hw *hw,


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