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SubjectRe: [PATCH] PCI: Probe bridge window attributes once at enumeration-time
On Tue, Jan 29, 2019 at 05:47:32PM -0500, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 29, 2019 at 04:43:33PM -0600, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > On Tue, Jan 22, 2019 at 01:02:54PM -0600, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > From: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
> > >
> > > pci_bridge_check_ranges() determines whether a bridge supports the optional
> > > I/O and prefetchable memory windows and sets the flag bits in the bridge
> > > resources. This *could* be done once during enumeration except that the
> > > resource allocation code completely clears the flag bits, e.g., in the
> > > pci_assign_unassigned_bridge_resources() path.
> > >
> > > The problem with pci_bridge_check_ranges() in the resource allocation path
> > > is that we may allocate resources after devices have been claimed by
> > > drivers, and pci_bridge_check_ranges() *changes* the window registers to
> > > determine whether they're writable. This may break concurrent accesses to
> > > devices behind the bridge.
> > >
> > > Add a new pci_read_bridge_windows() to determine whether a bridge supports
> > > the optional windows, call it once during enumeration, remember the
> > > results, and change pci_bridge_check_ranges() so it doesn't touch the
> > > bridge windows but sets the flag bits based on those remembered results.
> > >
> > > Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pci/1506151482-113560-1-git-send-email-wangzhou1@hisilicon.com
> > > Link: https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2018-12/msg02082.html
> > > Reported-by: xuyandong <xuyandong2@huawei.com>
> > > Tested-by: xuyandong <xuyandong2@huawei.com>
> > > Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
> > > Cc: Ofer Hayut <ofer@lightbitslabs.com>
> > > Cc: Roy Shterman <roys@lightbitslabs.com>
> > > Cc: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
> > > Cc: Zhou Wang <wangzhou1@hisilicon.com>
> >
> > Applied to pci/enumeration for v5.1.
> >
> > This is fairly simple in concept, but doesn't meet the letter of the
> > restrictions in Documentation/process/stable-kernel-rules.rst, so I
> > didn't tag it for stable.
> >
> > Is there a compelling argument to mark it for stable?
>
> Well it's needed downstream.
> It's a bit above 100 lines with context. Is this what you mean?

Yep, I should have been explicit about that.

> If yes how about using my patch for stable as an alternative?
> The rules allow for equivalent patches.

Well, yes, that would be a possibility.

I would rather develop an argument for marking *this* patch for
stable. Even though it is technically too large, I think we could
make it work if we have compelling reasons.

Those would need to be fleshed out a little more than "needed
downstream" -- something about the scenarios where this happens, what
the serious problem is, etc.

The *ideal* thing would be to have an actual bugzilla.kernel.org
report of the problem with a way to reproduce it and dmesg
illustrating the problem.

> > > ---
> > > drivers/pci/probe.c | 52 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > drivers/pci/setup-bus.c | 45 ++++-------------------------------------
> > > include/linux/pci.h | 3 +++
> > > 3 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/pci/probe.c b/drivers/pci/probe.c
> > > index 257b9f6f2ebb..2ef8b954c65a 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/pci/probe.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/pci/probe.c
> > > @@ -348,6 +348,57 @@ static void pci_read_bases(struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned int howmany, int rom)
> > > }
> > > }
> > >
> > > +static void pci_read_bridge_windows(struct pci_dev *bridge)
> > > +{
> > > + u16 io;
> > > + u32 pmem, tmp;
> > > +
> > > + pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &io);
> > > + if (!io) {
> > > + pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, 0xe0f0);
> > > + pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &io);
> > > + pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, 0x0);
> > > + }
> > > + if (io)
> > > + bridge->io_window = 1;
> > > +
> > > + /*
> > > + * DECchip 21050 pass 2 errata: the bridge may miss an address
> > > + * disconnect boundary by one PCI data phase. Workaround: do not
> > > + * use prefetching on this device.
> > > + */
> > > + if (bridge->vendor == PCI_VENDOR_ID_DEC && bridge->device == 0x0001)
> > > + return;
> > > +
> > > + pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, &pmem);
> > > + if (!pmem) {
> > > + pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE,
> > > + 0xffe0fff0);
> > > + pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, &pmem);
> > > + pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, 0x0);
> > > + }
> > > + if (!pmem)
> > > + return;
> > > +
> > > + bridge->pref_window = 1;
> > > +
> > > + if ((pmem & PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_MASK) == PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_64) {
> > > +
> > > + /*
> > > + * Bridge claims to have a 64-bit prefetchable memory
> > > + * window; verify that the upper bits are actually
> > > + * writable.
> > > + */
> > > + pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32, &pmem);
> > > + pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32,
> > > + 0xffffffff);
> > > + pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32, &tmp);
> > > + pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32, pmem);
> > > + if (tmp)
> > > + bridge->pref_64_window = 1;
> > > + }
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > static void pci_read_bridge_io(struct pci_bus *child)
> > > {
> > > struct pci_dev *dev = child->self;
> > > @@ -1739,6 +1790,7 @@ int pci_setup_device(struct pci_dev *dev)
> > > pci_read_irq(dev);
> > > dev->transparent = ((dev->class & 0xff) == 1);
> > > pci_read_bases(dev, 2, PCI_ROM_ADDRESS1);
> > > + pci_read_bridge_windows(dev);
> > > set_pcie_hotplug_bridge(dev);
> > > pos = pci_find_capability(dev, PCI_CAP_ID_SSVID);
> > > if (pos) {
> > > diff --git a/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c b/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
> > > index ed960436df5e..1941bb0a6c13 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
> > > @@ -735,58 +735,21 @@ int pci_claim_bridge_resource(struct pci_dev *bridge, int i)
> > > base/limit registers must be read-only and read as 0. */
> > > static void pci_bridge_check_ranges(struct pci_bus *bus)
> > > {
> > > - u16 io;
> > > - u32 pmem;
> > > struct pci_dev *bridge = bus->self;
> > > - struct resource *b_res;
> > > + struct resource *b_res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES];
> > >
> > > - b_res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES];
> > > b_res[1].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM;
> > >
> > > - pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &io);
> > > - if (!io) {
> > > - pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, 0xe0f0);
> > > - pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &io);
> > > - pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, 0x0);
> > > - }
> > > - if (io)
> > > + if (bridge->io_window)
> > > b_res[0].flags |= IORESOURCE_IO;
> > >
> > > - /* DECchip 21050 pass 2 errata: the bridge may miss an address
> > > - disconnect boundary by one PCI data phase.
> > > - Workaround: do not use prefetching on this device. */
> > > - if (bridge->vendor == PCI_VENDOR_ID_DEC && bridge->device == 0x0001)
> > > - return;
> > > -
> > > - pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, &pmem);
> > > - if (!pmem) {
> > > - pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE,
> > > - 0xffe0fff0);
> > > - pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, &pmem);
> > > - pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, 0x0);
> > > - }
> > > - if (pmem) {
> > > + if (bridge->pref_window) {
> > > b_res[2].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM | IORESOURCE_PREFETCH;
> > > - if ((pmem & PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_MASK) ==
> > > - PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_64) {
> > > + if (bridge->pref_64_window) {
> > > b_res[2].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM_64;
> > > b_res[2].flags |= PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_64;
> > > }
> > > }
> > > -
> > > - /* double check if bridge does support 64 bit pref */
> > > - if (b_res[2].flags & IORESOURCE_MEM_64) {
> > > - u32 mem_base_hi, tmp;
> > > - pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32,
> > > - &mem_base_hi);
> > > - pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32,
> > > - 0xffffffff);
> > > - pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32, &tmp);
> > > - if (!tmp)
> > > - b_res[2].flags &= ~IORESOURCE_MEM_64;
> > > - pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32,
> > > - mem_base_hi);
> > > - }
> > > }
> > >
> > > /* Helper function for sizing routines: find first available
> > > diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
> > > index 65f1d8c2f082..40b327b814aa 100644
> > > --- a/include/linux/pci.h
> > > +++ b/include/linux/pci.h
> > > @@ -373,6 +373,9 @@ struct pci_dev {
> > > bool match_driver; /* Skip attaching driver */
> > >
> > > unsigned int transparent:1; /* Subtractive decode bridge */
> > > + unsigned int io_window:1; /* Bridge has I/O window */
> > > + unsigned int pref_window:1; /* Bridge has pref mem window */
> > > + unsigned int pref_64_window:1; /* Pref mem window is 64-bit */
> > > unsigned int multifunction:1; /* Multi-function device */
> > >
> > > unsigned int is_busmaster:1; /* Is busmaster */
> > >

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