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SubjectRe: [RFC v3 02/21] iommu: Introduce cache_invalidate API
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Hi Jean-Philippe,

On 1/28/19 6:32 PM, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> Hi Eric,
>
> On 25/01/2019 16:49, Auger Eric wrote:
> [...]
>>>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/iommu.h b/include/uapi/linux/iommu.h
>>>> index 7a7cf7a3de7c..4605f5cfac84 100644
>>>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/iommu.h
>>>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/iommu.h
>>>> @@ -47,4 +47,99 @@ struct iommu_pasid_table_config {
>>>> };
>>>> };
>>>>
>>>> +/**
>>>> + * enum iommu_inv_granularity - Generic invalidation granularity
>>>> + * @IOMMU_INV_GRANU_DOMAIN_ALL_PASID: TLB entries or PASID caches of all
>>>> + * PASIDs associated with a domain ID
>>>> + * @IOMMU_INV_GRANU_PASID_SEL: TLB entries or PASID cache associated
>>>> + * with a PASID and a domain
>>>> + * @IOMMU_INV_GRANU_PAGE_PASID: TLB entries of selected page range
>>>> + * within a PASID
>>>> + *
>>>> + * When an invalidation request is passed down to IOMMU to flush translation
>>>> + * caches, it may carry different granularity levels, which can be specific
>>>> + * to certain types of translation caches.
>>>> + * This enum is a collection of granularities for all types of translation
>>>> + * caches. The idea is to make it easy for IOMMU model specific driver to
>>>> + * convert from generic to model specific value. Each IOMMU driver
>>>> + * can enforce check based on its own conversion table. The conversion is
>>>> + * based on 2D look-up with inputs as follows:
>>>> + * - translation cache types
>>>> + * - granularity
>>>> + *
>>>> + * type | DTLB | TLB | PASID |
>>>> + * granule | | | cache |
>>>> + * -----------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+
>>>> + * DN_ALL_PASID | Y | Y | Y |
>>>> + * PASID_SEL | Y | Y | Y |
>>>> + * PAGE_PASID | Y | Y | N/A |
>>>> + *
>>>> + */
>>>> +enum iommu_inv_granularity {
>>>> + IOMMU_INV_GRANU_DOMAIN_ALL_PASID,
>>>> + IOMMU_INV_GRANU_PASID_SEL,
>>>> + IOMMU_INV_GRANU_PAGE_PASID,
>>>> + IOMMU_INV_NR_GRANU,
>>>> +};
>>>> +
>>>> +/**
>>>> + * enum iommu_inv_type - Generic translation cache types for invalidation
>>>> + *
>>>> + * @IOMMU_INV_TYPE_DTLB: device IOTLB
>>>> + * @IOMMU_INV_TYPE_TLB: IOMMU paging structure cache
>>>> + * @IOMMU_INV_TYPE_PASID: PASID cache
>>>> + * Invalidation requests sent to IOMMU for a given device need to indicate
>>>> + * which type of translation cache to be operated on. Combined with enum
>>>> + * iommu_inv_granularity, model specific driver can do a simple lookup to
>>>> + * convert from generic to model specific value.
>>>> + */
>>>> +enum iommu_inv_type {
>>>> + IOMMU_INV_TYPE_DTLB,
>>>> + IOMMU_INV_TYPE_TLB,
>>>> + IOMMU_INV_TYPE_PASID,
>>>> + IOMMU_INV_NR_TYPE
>>>> +};
>>>> +
>>>> +/**
>>>> + * Translation cache invalidation header that contains mandatory meta data.
>>>> + * @version: info format version, expecting future extesions
>>>> + * @type: type of translation cache to be invalidated
>>>> + */
>>>> +struct iommu_cache_invalidate_hdr {
>>>> + __u32 version;
>>>> +#define TLB_INV_HDR_VERSION_1 1
>>>> + enum iommu_inv_type type;
>>>> +};
>>>> +
>>>> +/**
>>>> + * Translation cache invalidation information, contains generic IOMMU
>>>> + * data which can be parsed based on model ID by model specific drivers.
>>>> + * Since the invalidation of second level page tables are included in the
>>>> + * unmap operation, this info is only applicable to the first level
>>>> + * translation caches, i.e. DMA request with PASID.
>>>> + *
>>>> + * @granularity: requested invalidation granularity, type dependent
>>>> + * @size: 2^size of 4K pages, 0 for 4k, 9 for 2MB, etc.
>>>
>>> Why is this a 4K page centric interface?
>> This matches the vt-d Address Mask (AM) field of the IOTLB Invalidate
>> Descriptor. We can pass a log2size instead.
>>>
>>>> + * @nr_pages: number of pages to invalidate
>>>> + * @pasid: processor address space ID value per PCI spec.
>>>> + * @arch_id: architecture dependent id characterizing a context
>>>> + * and tagging the caches, ie. domain Identfier on VTD,
>>>> + * asid on ARM SMMU
>>>> + * @addr: page address to be invalidated
>>>> + * @flags IOMMU_INVALIDATE_ADDR_LEAF: leaf paging entries
>>>> + * IOMMU_INVALIDATE_GLOBAL_PAGE: global pages
>>>
>>> Shouldn't some of these be tied the the granularity of the
>>> invalidation? It seems like this should be more similar to
>>> iommu_pasid_table_config where the granularity of the invalidation
>>> defines which entry within a union at the end of the structure is valid
>>> and populated. Otherwise we have fields that don't make sense for
>>> certain invalidations.
>>
>> I am a little bit embarrassed here as this API version is the outcome of
>> long discussions held by Jacob, jean-Philippe and many others. I don't
>> want to hijack that work as I am "simply" reusing this API. Nevertheless
>> I am willing to help on this. So following your recommendation above I
>> dare to propose an updated API:
>
> Discussing this again is completely fine by me. I have some concerns
> with this proposal though, some of which apply to our previous versions
> as well.
>
>> struct iommu_device_iotlb_inv_info {
>> __u32 version;
>> #define IOMMU_DEV_IOTLB_INV_GLOBAL 0
>> #define IOMMU_DEV_IOTLB_INV_SOURCEID (1 << 0)
>> #define IOMMU_DEV_IOTLB_INV_PASID (1 << 1)
>> __u8 granularity;
>> __u64 addr;
>> __u8 log2size;
>> __u64 sourceid;
>> __u64 pasid;
>> __u8 padding[2];
>> };
>>
>> struct iommu_iotlb_inv_info {
>> __u32 version;
>> #define IOMMU_IOTLB_INV_GLOBAL 0
>
> Using "global" for granularity=0 will be confusing, let's call this
> "domain" instead. In the SMMU and ATS specifications (and I think VT-d
> as well), the global flag is used to invalidate VA ranges that are
> cached for all PASIDs. In the Arm architecture these TLB entries are
> created from PTE entries without the "nG" bit. So "global" usually means
> granularity=IOMMU_IOTLB_INV_PAGE.
in vt-d global invalidation of IOTLB invalidate means all IOTLB entries
are invalidated.

Effectively for the device IOTLB, Global means invalidate this addr/S
for all PASIDs

domain refers to domain-id=archid on vt-d.
>
>> #define IOMMU_IOTLB_INV_ARCHID (1 << 0)
>> #define IOMMU_IOTLB_INV_PASID (1 << 1)
>> #define IOMMU_IOTLB_INV_PAGE (1 << 2)
>
> We might as well call this bit "INV_ADDR" to make it clear that it
> describes the validity of field @addr.
agreed
>
>> __u8 granularity;
>> __u64 archid;
>> __u64 pasid;
>> __u64 addr;
>> __u8 log2size;
>> __u8 padding[2];
>> };
>>
>> struct iommu_pasid_inv_info {
>> __u32 version;
>> #define IOMMU_PASID_INV_GLOBAL 0
>> #define IOMMU_PASID_INV_ARCHID (1 << 0)
>> #define IOMMU_PASID_INV_PASID (1 << 1)
>> #define IOMMU_PASID_INV_SOURCEID (1 << 2)
>> __u8 granularity;
>> __u64 archid;
>> __u64 pasid;
>> __u64 sourceid;
>> __u8 padding[3];
>> };
>> /**
>> * Translation cache invalidation information, contains generic IOMMU
>> * data which can be parsed based on model ID by model specific drivers.
>> * Since the invalidation of second level page tables are included in
>> * the unmap operation, this info is only applicable to the first level
>> * translation caches, i.e. DMA request with PASID.
>> *
>> */
>> struct iommu_cache_invalidate_info {
>> #define IOMMU_CACHE_INVALIDATE_INFO_VERSION_1 1
>> __u32 version;
>> #define IOMMU_INV_TYPE_IOTLB 1 /* IOMMU paging structure cache */
>> #define IOMMU_INV_TYPE_DEV_IOTLB 2 /* Device IOTLB */
>> #define IOMMU_INV_TYPE_PASID 3 /* PASID cache */
>> __u8 type;
>> union {
>> struct iommu_iotlb_invalidate_info iotlb_inv_info;
>> struct iommu_dev_iotlb_invalidate_info dev_iotlb_inv_info;
>> struct iommu_pasid_inv_info pasid_inv_info;
>> };
>> };
>
> Although I find the new structure and field names clearer in general, I
> believe we're losing something by splitting structures this way.
>
> The one concept I'd like to keep is the possibility to multiplex ATC and
> IOTLB invalidation. That is, when unmapping a range, the guest (using a
> pvIOMMU) shouldn't need to send both iotlb_inv and device_iotlb_inv to
> the host - it's completely redundant. Instead the host IOMMU driver
> should receive a single invalidation packet, and send both TLB and ATC
> invalidation to the hardware.
>
> So in my opinion the invalidation type needs to be a bitfield: userspace
> can select either TYPE_IOTLB, TYPE_DEV_IOTLB, or both. And if type is a
> bitfield, the content that follows has to be a single structure.
OK I missed this requirement.
>
> Same for the PASID cache: when the guest changes the config for a PASID,
> it shouldn't have to also send TLB and ATC invalidations. A single
> packet should be enough. However config changes won't be a fast path, so
> optimizing the API is less important here.
OK.
>
> We could say that IOMMU_INV_TYPE_IOTLB implies IOMMU_INV_TYPE_DEV_IOTLB,
> and that IOMMU_INV_TYPE_PASID implies the others. In fact I think we do,
> in this patch. But that in turn would be suboptimal with vSMMU and other
> emulated solutions, which will receive both TLB and ATC invalidation
> from the guest, and have to signal both separately to the kernel. So for
> @type, a bitfield would be best.
Effectively vSMMUv3 will react to each trapped event.
>
> If we want to split the structure, I think splitting by @granularity
> might make more sense. It might require at least 4 structures:
> * domain invalidation: granule = 0
> * pasid invalidation: granule = pasid|archid
> * global va invalidation: granule = addr> * va invalidation granule = pasid|archid|addr

I have questions about the mapping of the following cmds:
- SMMUv3 CMD_TLBI_NH_VA uses ASID and addr. would use va inval struct.
Would you set pasid=0?
- SMMUv3 ATC_INV with G=0 ->pasid and addr only. What would you put as
archid? Same for vt-d PASID based device TLB invalidate. Does this mean
we need a flag within va invalidation struct telling which fields are used.

The fact one operation applies to several caches makes things quite
intricate although I understand the need.


>
>> At the moment I ignore the leaf bool parameter used on ARM for PASID
>> invalidation and TLB invalidation. Maybe we can just invalidate more
>> that the leaf cache structures at the moment?
>
> Sure, though we could add a flags field and leave it unused for now,
> which is easier to extend than introducing a new version. I wonder if
> Intel's Invalidation Hint (IH) does the same as Arm's leaf flag?
This can be added to the va invalidation struct? IH looks the same to me.
>
>> on ARM the PASID table can be invalidated per streamid. On vt-d, as far
>> as I understand the sourceid does not tag the entries.
>
> I don't think sourceid is the right thing to use in this interface. The
> device ID (streamid or sourceid) that the IOMMU sees in DMA transactions
> isn't really made visible to userspace. And for mdev it doesn't really
> exist, VFIO will have to pass the parent device's handle to IOMMU.
agreed. I copy/pasted the vtd descriptors here and that's not relevant
for source-id. it is embodied by the struct device .

Thank you for your feedbacks!

Eric
>
> To userspace a device is identified by the fd provided by VFIO. So if we
> do want to have device-scope in the invalidation (as opposed to
> the current domain-scope) I think userspace needs to provide a device fd
> to VFIO (outside the structures defined here), and then VFIO would pass
> a struct device to iommu_cache_inval().
>
> Thanks,
> Jean
>
>>>
>>>> + *
>>>> + */
>>>> +struct iommu_cache_invalidate_info {
>>>> + struct iommu_cache_invalidate_hdr hdr;
>>>> + enum iommu_inv_granularity granularity;
>>>
>>> A separate structure for hdr seems a little pointless.
>> removed
>>>
>>>> + __u32 flags;
>>>> +#define IOMMU_INVALIDATE_ADDR_LEAF (1 << 0)
>>>> +#define IOMMU_INVALIDATE_GLOBAL_PAGE (1 << 1)
>>>> + __u8 size;
>>>
>>> Really need some padding or packing here for any hope of having
>>> consistency with userspace.
>>>
>>>> + __u64 nr_pages;
>>>> + __u32 pasid;
>>>
>>> Sub-optimal ordering for packing/padding. Thanks,
>> I introduced some padding above. Is that OK?
>>
>> Again if this introduces more noise than it helps I will simply rely on
>> initial contributors for the respin of their series according to your
>> comments. Also we if can't define generic enough structures for ARM and x86
>>
>> Thanks
>>
>> Eric
>>>
>>> Alex
>>>
>>>> + __u64 arch_id;
>>>> + __u64 addr;
>>>> +};
>>>> #endif /* _UAPI_IOMMU_H */
>>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> iommu mailing list
>> iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
>> https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu
>>
>

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