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Subject[PATCH] sched/fair: Fix insertion in rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list
Sargu reported a crash:
"I picked up c40f7d74c741a907cfaeb73a7697081881c497d0 sched/fair: Fix
infinite loop in update_blocked_averages() by reverting a9e7f6544b9c
and put it on top of 4.19.13. In addition to this, I uninlined
list_add_leaf_cfs_rq for debugging.

This revealed a new bug that we didn't get to because we kept getting
crashes from the previous issue. When we are running with cgroups that
are rapidly changing, with CFS bandwidth control, and in addition
using the cpusets cgroup, we see this crash. Specifically, it seems to
occur with cgroups that are throttled and we change the allowed

The algorithm used to order cfs_rq in rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list assumes that
it will walk down to root the 1st time a cfs_rq is used and we will finish
to add either a cfs_rq without parent or a cfs_rq with a parent that is
already on the list. But this is not always true in presence of throttling.
Because a cfs_rq can be throttled even if it has never been used but other CPUS
of the cgroup have already used all the bandwdith, we are not sure to go down to
the root and add all cfs_rq in the list.

Ensure that all cfs_rq will be added in the list even if they are throttled.

Reported-by: Sargun Dhillon <>
Fixes: 9c2791f936ef ("Fix hierarchical order in rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list")
Signed-off-by: Vincent Guittot <>

This patch doesn't fix:
a9e7f6544b9c ("sched/fair: Fix O(nr_cgroups) in load balance path")
which has been reverted in v5.0-rc1. I'm working on an additonal patch
that should be similar to this one to fix a9e7f6544b9c.

kernel/sched/fair.c | 17 +++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 17 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index e2ff4b6..bf6b6c1 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -352,6 +352,20 @@ static inline void list_del_leaf_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)

+static inline void list_add_branch_cfs_rq(struct sched_entity *se, struct rq *rq)
+ struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
+ for_each_sched_entity(se) {
+ cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
+ list_add_leaf_cfs_rq(cfs_rq);
+ /* If parent is already in the list, we can stop */
+ if (rq->tmp_alone_branch == &rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list)
+ break;
+ }
/* Iterate through all leaf cfs_rq's on a runqueue: */
#define for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(rq, cfs_rq) \
list_for_each_entry_rcu(cfs_rq, &rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list, leaf_cfs_rq_list)
@@ -5179,6 +5193,9 @@ enqueue_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)


+ /* Ensure that all cfs_rq have been added to the list */
+ list_add_branch_cfs_rq(se, rq);

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