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Subject[PATCH] PCI: Probe bridge window attributes once at enumeration-time
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From: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>

pci_bridge_check_ranges() determines whether a bridge supports the optional
I/O and prefetchable memory windows and sets the flag bits in the bridge
resources. This *could* be done once during enumeration except that the
resource allocation code completely clears the flag bits, e.g., in the
pci_assign_unassigned_bridge_resources() path.

The problem with pci_bridge_check_ranges() in the resource allocation path
is that we may allocate resources after devices have been claimed by
drivers, and pci_bridge_check_ranges() *changes* the window registers to
determine whether they're writable. This may break concurrent accesses to
devices behind the bridge.

Add a new pci_read_bridge_windows() to determine whether a bridge supports
the optional windows, call it once during enumeration, remember the
results, and change pci_bridge_check_ranges() so it doesn't touch the
bridge windows but sets the flag bits based on those remembered results.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pci/1506151482-113560-1-git-send-email-wangzhou1@hisilicon.com
Link: https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2018-12/msg02082.html
Reported-by: xuyandong <xuyandong2@huawei.com>
Tested-by: xuyandong <xuyandong2@huawei.com>
Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagi@grimberg.me>
Cc: Ofer Hayut <ofer@lightbitslabs.com>
Cc: Roy Shterman <roys@lightbitslabs.com>
Cc: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
Cc: Zhou Wang <wangzhou1@hisilicon.com>
---
drivers/pci/probe.c | 52 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/pci/setup-bus.c | 45 ++++-------------------------------------
include/linux/pci.h | 3 +++
3 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/probe.c b/drivers/pci/probe.c
index 257b9f6f2ebb..2ef8b954c65a 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/probe.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/probe.c
@@ -348,6 +348,57 @@ static void pci_read_bases(struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned int howmany, int rom)
}
}

+static void pci_read_bridge_windows(struct pci_dev *bridge)
+{
+ u16 io;
+ u32 pmem, tmp;
+
+ pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &io);
+ if (!io) {
+ pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, 0xe0f0);
+ pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &io);
+ pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, 0x0);
+ }
+ if (io)
+ bridge->io_window = 1;
+
+ /*
+ * DECchip 21050 pass 2 errata: the bridge may miss an address
+ * disconnect boundary by one PCI data phase. Workaround: do not
+ * use prefetching on this device.
+ */
+ if (bridge->vendor == PCI_VENDOR_ID_DEC && bridge->device == 0x0001)
+ return;
+
+ pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, &pmem);
+ if (!pmem) {
+ pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE,
+ 0xffe0fff0);
+ pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, &pmem);
+ pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, 0x0);
+ }
+ if (!pmem)
+ return;
+
+ bridge->pref_window = 1;
+
+ if ((pmem & PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_MASK) == PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_64) {
+
+ /*
+ * Bridge claims to have a 64-bit prefetchable memory
+ * window; verify that the upper bits are actually
+ * writable.
+ */
+ pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32, &pmem);
+ pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32,
+ 0xffffffff);
+ pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32, &tmp);
+ pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32, pmem);
+ if (tmp)
+ bridge->pref_64_window = 1;
+ }
+}
+
static void pci_read_bridge_io(struct pci_bus *child)
{
struct pci_dev *dev = child->self;
@@ -1739,6 +1790,7 @@ int pci_setup_device(struct pci_dev *dev)
pci_read_irq(dev);
dev->transparent = ((dev->class & 0xff) == 1);
pci_read_bases(dev, 2, PCI_ROM_ADDRESS1);
+ pci_read_bridge_windows(dev);
set_pcie_hotplug_bridge(dev);
pos = pci_find_capability(dev, PCI_CAP_ID_SSVID);
if (pos) {
diff --git a/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c b/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
index ed960436df5e..1941bb0a6c13 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
@@ -735,58 +735,21 @@ int pci_claim_bridge_resource(struct pci_dev *bridge, int i)
base/limit registers must be read-only and read as 0. */
static void pci_bridge_check_ranges(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
- u16 io;
- u32 pmem;
struct pci_dev *bridge = bus->self;
- struct resource *b_res;
+ struct resource *b_res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES];

- b_res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES];
b_res[1].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM;

- pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &io);
- if (!io) {
- pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, 0xe0f0);
- pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &io);
- pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, 0x0);
- }
- if (io)
+ if (bridge->io_window)
b_res[0].flags |= IORESOURCE_IO;

- /* DECchip 21050 pass 2 errata: the bridge may miss an address
- disconnect boundary by one PCI data phase.
- Workaround: do not use prefetching on this device. */
- if (bridge->vendor == PCI_VENDOR_ID_DEC && bridge->device == 0x0001)
- return;
-
- pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, &pmem);
- if (!pmem) {
- pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE,
- 0xffe0fff0);
- pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, &pmem);
- pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, 0x0);
- }
- if (pmem) {
+ if (bridge->pref_window) {
b_res[2].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM | IORESOURCE_PREFETCH;
- if ((pmem & PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_MASK) ==
- PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_64) {
+ if (bridge->pref_64_window) {
b_res[2].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM_64;
b_res[2].flags |= PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_64;
}
}
-
- /* double check if bridge does support 64 bit pref */
- if (b_res[2].flags & IORESOURCE_MEM_64) {
- u32 mem_base_hi, tmp;
- pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32,
- &mem_base_hi);
- pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32,
- 0xffffffff);
- pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32, &tmp);
- if (!tmp)
- b_res[2].flags &= ~IORESOURCE_MEM_64;
- pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32,
- mem_base_hi);
- }
}

/* Helper function for sizing routines: find first available
diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
index 65f1d8c2f082..40b327b814aa 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci.h
@@ -373,6 +373,9 @@ struct pci_dev {
bool match_driver; /* Skip attaching driver */

unsigned int transparent:1; /* Subtractive decode bridge */
+ unsigned int io_window:1; /* Bridge has I/O window */
+ unsigned int pref_window:1; /* Bridge has pref mem window */
+ unsigned int pref_64_window:1; /* Pref mem window is 64-bit */
unsigned int multifunction:1; /* Multi-function device */

unsigned int is_busmaster:1; /* Is busmaster */
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