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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 12/26] arm64: irqflags: Use ICC_PMR_EL1 for interrupt masking
On Fri, Jan 18, 2019 at 05:27:29PM +0000, Julien Thierry wrote:
>
>
> On 18/01/2019 16:35, Dave Martin wrote:
> > On Tue, Jan 08, 2019 at 02:07:30PM +0000, Julien Thierry wrote:
> >> Instead disabling interrupts by setting the PSR.I bit, use a priority
> >> higher than the one used for interrupts to mask them via PMR.
> >>
> >> When using PMR to disable interrupts, the value of PMR will be used
> >> instead of PSR.[DAIF] for the irqflags.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Julien Thierry <julien.thierry@arm.com>
> >> Suggested-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>
> >> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> >> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> >> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> >> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
> >> ---
> >> arch/arm64/include/asm/efi.h | 11 ++++
> >> arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h | 123 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> >> 2 files changed, 106 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/efi.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/efi.h
> >> index 7ed3208..134ff6e 100644
> >> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/efi.h
> >> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/efi.h
> >> @@ -44,6 +44,17 @@
> >>
> >> #define ARCH_EFI_IRQ_FLAGS_MASK (PSR_D_BIT | PSR_A_BIT | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT)
> >>
> >> +#define arch_efi_save_flags(state_flags) \
> >> + do { \
> >> + (state_flags) = read_sysreg(daif); \
> >> + } while (0)
> >> +
> >> +#define arch_efi_restore_flags(state_flags) \
> >> + do { \
> >> + write_sysreg(state_flags, daif); \
> >> + } while (0)
> >> +
> >> +
> >
> > Randomly commenting a few minor nits as I glance down my mailbox...
> >
> > There's no need to protect single statements with do { } while(0).
> >
> > Just protect an expression statement that could be misparsed with ( ).
> >
> > ->
> >
> > #define arch_efi_save_flags(state_flags) ((state_flags) = read_sysreg(daif))
>
> For the efi_save_flags(), I wanted to avoid it getting used as an
> expression.
>
> Would casting the assignment expression to (void) be acceptable?

Yep, that's a common way of achieving that, so

((void)((state_flags) = read_sysreg(daif)))

should be OK.

> > #define arch_efi_restore_flags(state_flags) write_sysreg(state_flags, daif)
>
> For this one, write_sysreg() is already a statement, so yes, I
> definitely don't need a do { } while (0) here.
>
> >
> > [...]
> >
> >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h
> >> index 24692ed..fa3b06f 100644
> >> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h
> >> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h
> >> @@ -18,7 +18,9 @@
> >>
> >> #ifdef __KERNEL__
> >>
> >> +#include <asm/alternative.h>
> >> #include <asm/ptrace.h>
> >> +#include <asm/sysreg.h>
> >>
> >> /*
> >> * Aarch64 has flags for masking: Debug, Asynchronous (serror), Interrupts and
> >> @@ -36,47 +38,96 @@
> >
> > [...]
> >
> >> /*
> >> + * Having two ways to control interrupt status is a bit complicated. Some
> >> + * locations like exception entries will have PSR.I bit set by the architecture
> >> + * while PMR is unmasked.
> >> + * We need the irqflags to represent that interrupts are disabled in such cases.
> >> + *
> >> + * For this, we lower the value read from PMR when the I bit is set so it is
> >> + * considered as an irq masking priority. (With PMR, lower value means masking
> >> + * more interrupts).
> >> + */
> >> +#define _get_irqflags(daif_bits, pmr) \
> >> +({ \
> >> + unsigned long flags; \
> >> + \
> >> + BUILD_BUG_ON(GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF < (GIC_PRIO_IRQON & ~PSR_I_BIT)); \
> >> + asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE( \
> >> + "mov %0, %1\n" \
> >> + "nop\n" \
> >> + "nop", \
> >> + "and %0, %1, #" __stringify(PSR_I_BIT) "\n" \
> >> + "mvn %0, %0\n" \
> >> + "and %0, %0, %2", \
> >> + ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING) \
> >> + : "=&r" (flags) \
> >> + : "r" (daif_bits), "r" (pmr) \
> >> + : "memory"); \
> >> + \
> >> + flags; \
> >> +})
> >
> > Nit: does this need to be a macro?
> >
> > ({ ... }) is mildly gross and it's preferable to avoid it if the code
> > works just as well without...
> >
> > pmr would need to be passed as a pointer, with "r" (*pmr) in the asm,
> > but I think it would compile down to precisely the same code.
> >
>
> The only motivation for it to be a macro was to be able to #undef it
> after its use.
>
> But with Catalin's suggestion, looks like we can makes things simple and
> avoid having a separate macro/function.

Fair enough. This wasn't a big deal in any case.

>
> >> +
> >> +/*
> >> * Save the current interrupt enable state.
> >> */
> >> static inline unsigned long arch_local_save_flags(void)
> >> {
> >> - unsigned long flags;
> >> - asm volatile(
> >> - "mrs %0, daif // arch_local_save_flags"
> >> - : "=r" (flags)
> >> + unsigned long daif_bits;
> >> + unsigned long pmr; // Only used if alternative is on
> >> +
> >> + daif_bits = read_sysreg(daif);
> >> +
> >> + // Get PMR
> >> + asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE(
> >> + "nop",
> >> + "mrs_s %0, " __stringify(SYS_ICC_PMR_EL1),
> >> + ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING)
> >> + : "=&r" (pmr)
> >
> > Why earlyclobber?
> >>> :
> >> : "memory");
> >
> > [...]
> >
> >> @@ -85,16 +136,32 @@ static inline unsigned long arch_local_save_flags(void)
> >
> > [...]
> >
> >> static inline int arch_irqs_disabled_flags(unsigned long flags)
> >> {
> >> - return flags & PSR_I_BIT;
> >> + int res;
> >> +
> >> + asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE(
> >> + "and %w0, %w1, #" __stringify(PSR_I_BIT) "\n"
> >> + "nop",
> >> + "cmp %w1, #" __stringify(GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF) "\n"
> >> + "cset %w0, ls",
> >> + ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING)
> >> + : "=&r" (res)
> >
> > Why earlyclobber? %0 is not written before the reading of any input
> > argument so far as I can see, in either alternative.
> >
>
> I didn't really understand what the earlyclobber semantic was, thanks
> for explaining it.

It basically means "you can't put any input argument in the same
register, because it can get overwritten by some output argument before
use".

When unsure, it's safer to include "&", but it may cause the compiler to
allocate registers suboptimally.

In the above,

"mov %w0, #" __stringify(PSR_I_BIT) "\n"
"and %w0, %w0, %w1"

would require the earlyclobber, so that the compiler can't allocate the
same register for %0 and %1.

But in your code, allocating the same register looks safe. (Don't take
my word for it, though!)

Cheers
---Dave

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