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SubjectRe: [PATCH 01/17] Fix "x86/alternatives: Lockdep-enforce text_mutex in text_poke*()"
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> On Jan 17, 2019, at 2:59 PM, hpa@zytor.com wrote:
>
> On January 17, 2019 2:39:15 PM PST, Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com> wrote:
>>> On Jan 17, 2019, at 1:15 PM, hpa@zytor.com wrote:
>>>
>>> On January 16, 2019 10:47:01 PM PST, Masami Hiramatsu
>> <mhiramat@kernel.org> wrote:
>>>> On Wed, 16 Jan 2019 16:32:43 -0800
>>>> Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com> wrote:
>>>>
>>>>> From: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
>>>>>
>>>>> text_mutex is currently expected to be held before text_poke() is
>>>>> called, but we kgdb does not take the mutex, and instead
>> *supposedly*
>>>>> ensures the lock is not taken and will not be acquired by any other
>>>> core
>>>>> while text_poke() is running.
>>>>>
>>>>> The reason for the "supposedly" comment is that it is not entirely
>>>> clear
>>>>> that this would be the case if gdb_do_roundup is zero.
>>>>>
>>>>> This patch creates two wrapper functions, text_poke() and
>>>>> text_poke_kgdb() which do or do not run the lockdep assertion
>>>>> respectively.
>>>>>
>>>>> While we are at it, change the return code of text_poke() to
>>>> something
>>>>> meaningful. One day, callers might actually respect it and the
>>>> existing
>>>>> BUG_ON() when patching fails could be removed. For kgdb, the return
>>>>> value can actually be used.
>>>>
>>>> Looks good to me.
>>>>
>>>> Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
>>>>
>>>> Thank you,
>>>>
>>>>> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
>>>>> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
>>>>> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
>>>>> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
>>>>> Fixes: 9222f606506c ("x86/alternatives: Lockdep-enforce text_mutex
>> in
>>>> text_poke*()")
>>>>> Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
>>>>> Acked-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
>>>>> Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
>>>>> Signed-off-by: Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com>
>>>>> ---
>>>>> arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h | 1 +
>>>>> arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c | 52
>>>> ++++++++++++++++++++--------
>>>>> arch/x86/kernel/kgdb.c | 11 +++---
>>>>> 3 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
>>>>>
>>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
>>>> b/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
>>>>> index e85ff65c43c3..f8fc8e86cf01 100644
>>>>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
>>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
>>>>> @@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ extern void *text_poke_early(void *addr, const
>> void
>>>> *opcode, size_t len);
>>>>> * inconsistent instruction while you patch.
>>>>> */
>>>>> extern void *text_poke(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len);
>>>>> +extern void *text_poke_kgdb(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t
>>>> len);
>>>>> extern int poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs);
>>>>> extern void *text_poke_bp(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t
>>>> len, void *handler);
>>>>> extern int after_bootmem;
>>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
>>>> b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
>>>>> index ebeac487a20c..c6a3a10a2fd5 100644
>>>>> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
>>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
>>>>> @@ -678,18 +678,7 @@ void *__init_or_module text_poke_early(void
>>>> *addr, const void *opcode,
>>>>> return addr;
>>>>> }
>>>>>
>>>>> -/**
>>>>> - * text_poke - Update instructions on a live kernel
>>>>> - * @addr: address to modify
>>>>> - * @opcode: source of the copy
>>>>> - * @len: length to copy
>>>>> - *
>>>>> - * Only atomic text poke/set should be allowed when not doing
>> early
>>>> patching.
>>>>> - * It means the size must be writable atomically and the address
>>>> must be aligned
>>>>> - * in a way that permits an atomic write. It also makes sure we
>> fit
>>>> on a single
>>>>> - * page.
>>>>> - */
>>>>> -void *text_poke(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len)
>>>>> +static void *__text_poke(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t
>> len)
>>>>> {
>>>>> unsigned long flags;
>>>>> char *vaddr;
>>>>> @@ -702,8 +691,6 @@ void *text_poke(void *addr, const void *opcode,
>>>> size_t len)
>>>>> */
>>>>> BUG_ON(!after_bootmem);
>>>>>
>>>>> - lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex);
>>>>> -
>>>>> if (!core_kernel_text((unsigned long)addr)) {
>>>>> pages[0] = vmalloc_to_page(addr);
>>>>> pages[1] = vmalloc_to_page(addr + PAGE_SIZE);
>>>>> @@ -732,6 +719,43 @@ void *text_poke(void *addr, const void
>> *opcode,
>>>> size_t len)
>>>>> return addr;
>>>>> }
>>>>>
>>>>> +/**
>>>>> + * text_poke - Update instructions on a live kernel
>>>>> + * @addr: address to modify
>>>>> + * @opcode: source of the copy
>>>>> + * @len: length to copy
>>>>> + *
>>>>> + * Only atomic text poke/set should be allowed when not doing
>> early
>>>> patching.
>>>>> + * It means the size must be writable atomically and the address
>>>> must be aligned
>>>>> + * in a way that permits an atomic write. It also makes sure we
>> fit
>>>> on a single
>>>>> + * page.
>>>>> + */
>>>>> +void *text_poke(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len)
>>>>> +{
>>>>> + lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex);
>>>>> +
>>>>> + return __text_poke(addr, opcode, len);
>>>>> +}
>>>>> +
>>>>> +/**
>>>>> + * text_poke_kgdb - Update instructions on a live kernel by kgdb
>>>>> + * @addr: address to modify
>>>>> + * @opcode: source of the copy
>>>>> + * @len: length to copy
>>>>> + *
>>>>> + * Only atomic text poke/set should be allowed when not doing
>> early
>>>> patching.
>>>>> + * It means the size must be writable atomically and the address
>>>> must be aligned
>>>>> + * in a way that permits an atomic write. It also makes sure we
>> fit
>>>> on a single
>>>>> + * page.
>>>>> + *
>>>>> + * Context: should only be used by kgdb, which ensures no other
>> core
>>>> is running,
>>>>> + * despite the fact it does not hold the text_mutex.
>>>>> + */
>>>>> +void *text_poke_kgdb(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len)
>>>>> +{
>>>>> + return __text_poke(addr, opcode, len);
>>>>> +}
>>>>> +
>>>>> static void do_sync_core(void *info)
>>>>> {
>>>>> sync_core();
>>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kgdb.c
>>>>> index 5db08425063e..1461544cba8b 100644
>>>>> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/kgdb.c
>>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kgdb.c
>>>>> @@ -758,13 +758,13 @@ int kgdb_arch_set_breakpoint(struct kgdb_bkpt
>>>> *bpt)
>>>>> if (!err)
>>>>> return err;
>>>>> /*
>>>>> - * It is safe to call text_poke() because normal kernel execution
>>>>> + * It is safe to call text_poke_kgdb() because normal kernel
>>>> execution
>>>>> * is stopped on all cores, so long as the text_mutex is not
>>>> locked.
>>>>> */
>>>>> if (mutex_is_locked(&text_mutex))
>>>>> return -EBUSY;
>>>>> - text_poke((void *)bpt->bpt_addr, arch_kgdb_ops.gdb_bpt_instr,
>>>>> - BREAK_INSTR_SIZE);
>>>>> + text_poke_kgdb((void *)bpt->bpt_addr,
>> arch_kgdb_ops.gdb_bpt_instr,
>>>>> + BREAK_INSTR_SIZE);
>>>>> err = probe_kernel_read(opc, (char *)bpt->bpt_addr,
>>>> BREAK_INSTR_SIZE);
>>>>> if (err)
>>>>> return err;
>>>>> @@ -783,12 +783,13 @@ int kgdb_arch_remove_breakpoint(struct
>>>> kgdb_bkpt *bpt)
>>>>> if (bpt->type != BP_POKE_BREAKPOINT)
>>>>> goto knl_write;
>>>>> /*
>>>>> - * It is safe to call text_poke() because normal kernel execution
>>>>> + * It is safe to call text_poke_kgdb() because normal kernel
>>>> execution
>>>>> * is stopped on all cores, so long as the text_mutex is not
>>>> locked.
>>>>> */
>>>>> if (mutex_is_locked(&text_mutex))
>>>>> goto knl_write;
>>>>> - text_poke((void *)bpt->bpt_addr, bpt->saved_instr,
>>>> BREAK_INSTR_SIZE);
>>>>> + text_poke_kgdb((void *)bpt->bpt_addr, bpt->saved_instr,
>>>>> + BREAK_INSTR_SIZE);
>>>>> err = probe_kernel_read(opc, (char *)bpt->bpt_addr,
>>>> BREAK_INSTR_SIZE);
>>>>> if (err || memcmp(opc, bpt->saved_instr, BREAK_INSTR_SIZE))
>>>>> goto knl_write;
>>>>> --
>>>>> 2.17.1
>>>
>>> If you are reorganizing this code, please do so so that the caller
>> doesn’t
>>> have to worry about if it should call text_poke_bp() or
>> text_poke_early().
>>> Right now the caller had to know that, which makes no sense.
>>
>> Did you look at "[11/17] x86/jump-label: remove support for custom
>> poker”?
>>
>> https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1032857/
>>
>> If this is not what you regard, please be more concrete.
>> text_poke_early()
>> is still used directly on init and while modules are loaded, which
>> might not
>> be great, but is outside of the scope of this patch-set.
>
> I don't think it is out of scope, although that patch is a huge step in the right direction.
>
> text_poke_{early,bp,...}, however, should be fully internal, that is, static functions, and we should present a single interface, preferably called text_poke(), to the outside world.
>
> I think we have three subcases:
>
> 1. Early, UP, or under stop_machine();
> 2. Atomic and aligned;
> 3. Breakpoint.
>
> My proposed algorithm should remove the need for a fixup which should help this interface, too.

That’s another reason why such change might be done later (after your
changes are merged). The main reason is that Rick was kind enough to
deal with the whole patch-set.

> The specific alignment needed for #2 is started by the hardware people to be not crossing 16 bytes (NOT a cache line) on any CPU we support SMP on and, of course, being possible to do atomically do on the specific CPU (note that we *can* do a redundantly large store of existing bytes, which adds flexibility.)
>
> To the best of my knowledge any CPU supporting SSE can do an atomic (for our purposes) aligned 16-byte store via MOVAPS; of course any CPU with cx16 can do it without SSE registers. For older CPUs we may be limited to 8-byte stores (cx8) or even 4-byte stores before we need to use the breakpoint algorithm.

So the last time we had this discussion, I could not be convinced that
hypervisors (e.g, KVM), which do not follow this undocumented behavior,
would not break. I also don’t remember an official confirmation of this
behavior on Intel and AMD CPUs.

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