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Subject[PATCH V2] i2c: tegra: Add I2C interface timing support
Date
This patch adds I2C interface timing registers support for
proper bus rate configuration along with meeting the i2c spec
setup and hold times based on the tuning performed on Tegra210,
Tegra186 and Tegra194 platforms.

I2C_INTERFACE_TIMING_0 register contains TLOW and THIGH field
and Tegra I2C controller design uses them as a part of internal
clock divisor.

I2C_INTERFACE_TIMING_1 register contains the setup and hold times
for start and stop conditions.

Signed-off-by: Sowjanya Komatineni <skomatineni@nvidia.com>
---
[V2]: Updated patch to also configure timings to platform tuned
settings
[V1]: Uses fixed I2C interface timings which could violate bus
timing spec

drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c | 227 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
1 file changed, 201 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c
index e417ebf7628c..4cbf453fbd3b 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c
@@ -118,6 +118,20 @@
#define I2C_MST_FIFO_STATUS_TX_MASK 0xff0000
#define I2C_MST_FIFO_STATUS_TX_SHIFT 16

+#define I2C_INTERFACE_TIMING_0 0x94
+#define I2C_TLOW_MASK 0x3F
+#define I2C_THIGH_SHIFT 8
+#define I2C_THIGH_MASK (0x3F << I2C_THIGH_SHIFT)
+#define I2C_TLOW_NEW_MASK 0xFF
+#define I2C_THIGH_NEW_MASK (0xFF << I2C_THIGH_SHIFT)
+
+#define I2C_INTERFACE_TIMING_1 0x98
+
+#define I2C_STANDARD_MODE 100000
+#define I2C_FAST_MODE 400000
+#define I2C_FAST_PLUS_MODE 1000000
+#define I2C_HS_MODE 3500000
+
/*
* msg_end_type: The bus control which need to be send at end of transfer.
* @MSG_END_STOP: Send stop pulse at end of transfer.
@@ -142,7 +156,10 @@ enum msg_end_type {
* @has_config_load_reg: Has the config load register to load the new
* configuration.
* @clk_divisor_hs_mode: Clock divisor in HS mode.
- * @clk_divisor_std_fast_mode: Clock divisor in standard/fast mode. It is
+ * @clk_divisor_std_mode: Clock divisor in standard mode. It is
+ * applicable if there is no fast clock source i.e. single clock
+ * source.
+ * @clk_divisor_fast_mode: Clock divisor in fast mode. It is
* applicable if there is no fast clock source i.e. single clock
* source.
* @clk_divisor_fast_plus_mode: Clock divisor in fast mode plus. It is
@@ -155,6 +172,19 @@ enum msg_end_type {
* @has_mst_fifo: The I2C controller contains the new MST FIFO interface that
* provides additional features and allows for longer messages to
* be transferred in one go.
+ * @interface_timing_enhancement: Interface Timing bit fields increased in
+ * Tegra194 compared to Prior Tegra chips for more tuning to meet
+ * I2C Timing requirements for various data rates.
+ * @tlow_std_mode: Low period of the clock in standard mode.
+ * @thigh_std_mode: High period of the clock in standard mode.
+ * @tlow_fast_fastplus_mode: Low period of the clock in fast/fast-plus modes.
+ * @thigh_fast_fastplus_mode: High period of the clock in fast/fast-plus modes.
+ * @setup_hold_time_std_mode: Setup and hold time for start and stop conditions
+ in standard mode.
+ * @setup_hold_time_fast_fast_plus_mode: Setup and hold time for start and stop
+ conditions in fast/fast-plus modes.
+ * @setup_hold_time_hs_mode: Setup and hold time for start and stop conditions
+ in HS mode.
*/
struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature {
bool has_continue_xfer_support;
@@ -162,11 +192,20 @@ struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature {
bool has_single_clk_source;
bool has_config_load_reg;
int clk_divisor_hs_mode;
- int clk_divisor_std_fast_mode;
+ int clk_divisor_std_mode;
+ int clk_divisor_fast_mode;
u16 clk_divisor_fast_plus_mode;
bool has_multi_master_mode;
bool has_slcg_override_reg;
bool has_mst_fifo;
+ bool interface_timing_enhancement;
+ u8 tlow_std_mode;
+ u8 thigh_std_mode;
+ u8 tlow_fast_fastplus_mode;
+ u8 thigh_fast_fastplus_mode;
+ u32 setup_hold_time_std_mode;
+ u32 setup_hold_time_fast_fast_plus_mode;
+ u32 setup_hold_time_hs_mode;
};

/**
@@ -515,7 +554,62 @@ static int tegra_i2c_wait_for_config_load(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev)
return 0;
}

-static int tegra_i2c_init(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev)
+static void tegra_i2c_set_timing(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev)
+{
+ u32 val;
+ u32 tsu_thd = 0;
+ u8 tlow = 0;
+ u8 thigh = 0;
+
+ if ((i2c_dev->bus_clk_rate > I2C_STANDARD_MODE) &&
+ (i2c_dev->bus_clk_rate <= I2C_FAST_PLUS_MODE)) {
+ tlow = i2c_dev->hw->tlow_fast_fastplus_mode;
+ thigh = i2c_dev->hw->thigh_fast_fastplus_mode;
+ tsu_thd = i2c_dev->hw->setup_hold_time_fast_fast_plus_mode;
+ } else {
+ tlow = i2c_dev->hw->tlow_std_mode;
+ thigh = i2c_dev->hw->thigh_std_mode;
+ tsu_thd = i2c_dev->hw->setup_hold_time_std_mode;
+ }
+
+ val = (thigh << I2C_THIGH_SHIFT) | tlow;
+ if (val)
+ i2c_writel(i2c_dev, val, I2C_INTERFACE_TIMING_0);
+
+ if (tsu_thd)
+ i2c_writel(i2c_dev, tsu_thd, I2C_INTERFACE_TIMING_1);
+}
+
+static int tegra_i2c_set_clk_rate(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev)
+{
+ u32 clk_multiplier = I2C_CLK_MULTIPLIER_STD_FAST_MODE;
+ u32 val;
+ u8 low_clk_period, high_clk_period;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ val = i2c_readl(i2c_dev, I2C_INTERFACE_TIMING_0);
+
+ if (i2c_dev->hw->interface_timing_enhancement) {
+ low_clk_period = val & I2C_TLOW_NEW_MASK;
+ high_clk_period = (val & I2C_THIGH_NEW_MASK) >>
+ I2C_THIGH_SHIFT;
+ } else {
+ low_clk_period = val & I2C_TLOW_MASK;
+ high_clk_period = (val & I2C_THIGH_MASK) >> I2C_THIGH_SHIFT;
+ }
+
+ clk_multiplier = (low_clk_period + high_clk_period + 2);
+ clk_multiplier *= (i2c_dev->clk_divisor_non_hs_mode + 1);
+
+ ret = clk_set_rate(i2c_dev->div_clk,
+ i2c_dev->bus_clk_rate * clk_multiplier);
+ if (ret)
+ dev_err(i2c_dev->dev, "Clock rate change failed %d\n", ret);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int tegra_i2c_init(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev, bool is_reinit)
{
u32 val;
int err;
@@ -534,6 +628,8 @@ static int tegra_i2c_init(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev)
if (i2c_dev->is_dvc)
tegra_dvc_init(i2c_dev);

+ tegra_i2c_set_timing(i2c_dev);
+
val = I2C_CNFG_NEW_MASTER_FSM | I2C_CNFG_PACKET_MODE_EN |
(0x2 << I2C_CNFG_DEBOUNCE_CNT_SHIFT);

@@ -549,6 +645,12 @@ static int tegra_i2c_init(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev)
I2C_CLK_DIVISOR_STD_FAST_MODE_SHIFT;
i2c_writel(i2c_dev, clk_divisor, I2C_CLK_DIVISOR);

+ if (!is_reinit) {
+ err = tegra_i2c_set_clk_rate(i2c_dev);
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto err;
+ }
+
if (!i2c_dev->is_dvc) {
u32 sl_cfg = i2c_readl(i2c_dev, I2C_SL_CNFG);

@@ -747,7 +849,7 @@ static int tegra_i2c_xfer_msg(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev,
if (time_left == 0) {
dev_err(i2c_dev->dev, "i2c transfer timed out\n");

- tegra_i2c_init(i2c_dev);
+ tegra_i2c_init(i2c_dev, true);
return -ETIMEDOUT;
}

@@ -758,7 +860,7 @@ static int tegra_i2c_xfer_msg(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev,
if (likely(i2c_dev->msg_err == I2C_ERR_NONE))
return 0;

- tegra_i2c_init(i2c_dev);
+ tegra_i2c_init(i2c_dev, true);
if (i2c_dev->msg_err == I2C_ERR_NO_ACK) {
if (msg->flags & I2C_M_IGNORE_NAK)
return 0;
@@ -842,12 +944,21 @@ static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra20_i2c_hw = {
.has_per_pkt_xfer_complete_irq = false,
.has_single_clk_source = false,
.clk_divisor_hs_mode = 3,
- .clk_divisor_std_fast_mode = 0,
+ .clk_divisor_std_mode = 0,
+ .clk_divisor_fast_mode = 0,
.clk_divisor_fast_plus_mode = 0,
.has_config_load_reg = false,
.has_multi_master_mode = false,
.has_slcg_override_reg = false,
.has_mst_fifo = false,
+ .interface_timing_enhancement = false,
+ .tlow_std_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_std_mode = 0x2,
+ .tlow_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x2,
+ .setup_hold_time_std_mode = 0x0,
+ .setup_hold_time_fast_fast_plus_mode = 0x0,
+ .setup_hold_time_hs_mode = 0x0,
};

static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra30_i2c_hw = {
@@ -855,12 +966,21 @@ static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra30_i2c_hw = {
.has_per_pkt_xfer_complete_irq = false,
.has_single_clk_source = false,
.clk_divisor_hs_mode = 3,
- .clk_divisor_std_fast_mode = 0,
+ .clk_divisor_std_mode = 0,
+ .clk_divisor_fast_mode = 0,
.clk_divisor_fast_plus_mode = 0,
.has_config_load_reg = false,
.has_multi_master_mode = false,
.has_slcg_override_reg = false,
.has_mst_fifo = false,
+ .interface_timing_enhancement = false,
+ .tlow_std_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_std_mode = 0x2,
+ .tlow_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x2,
+ .setup_hold_time_std_mode = 0x0,
+ .setup_hold_time_fast_fast_plus_mode = 0x0,
+ .setup_hold_time_hs_mode = 0x0,
};

static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra114_i2c_hw = {
@@ -868,12 +988,21 @@ static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra114_i2c_hw = {
.has_per_pkt_xfer_complete_irq = true,
.has_single_clk_source = true,
.clk_divisor_hs_mode = 1,
- .clk_divisor_std_fast_mode = 0x19,
+ .clk_divisor_std_mode = 0x19,
+ .clk_divisor_fast_mode = 0x19,
.clk_divisor_fast_plus_mode = 0x10,
.has_config_load_reg = false,
.has_multi_master_mode = false,
.has_slcg_override_reg = false,
.has_mst_fifo = false,
+ .interface_timing_enhancement = false,
+ .tlow_std_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_std_mode = 0x2,
+ .tlow_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x2,
+ .setup_hold_time_std_mode = 0x0,
+ .setup_hold_time_fast_fast_plus_mode = 0x0,
+ .setup_hold_time_hs_mode = 0x0,
};

static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra124_i2c_hw = {
@@ -881,12 +1010,21 @@ static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra124_i2c_hw = {
.has_per_pkt_xfer_complete_irq = true,
.has_single_clk_source = true,
.clk_divisor_hs_mode = 1,
- .clk_divisor_std_fast_mode = 0x19,
+ .clk_divisor_std_mode = 0x19,
+ .clk_divisor_fast_mode = 0x19,
.clk_divisor_fast_plus_mode = 0x10,
.has_config_load_reg = true,
.has_multi_master_mode = false,
.has_slcg_override_reg = true,
.has_mst_fifo = false,
+ .interface_timing_enhancement = false,
+ .tlow_std_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_std_mode = 0x2,
+ .tlow_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x2,
+ .setup_hold_time_std_mode = 0x0,
+ .setup_hold_time_fast_fast_plus_mode = 0x0,
+ .setup_hold_time_hs_mode = 0x0,
};

static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra210_i2c_hw = {
@@ -894,30 +1032,71 @@ static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra210_i2c_hw = {
.has_per_pkt_xfer_complete_irq = true,
.has_single_clk_source = true,
.clk_divisor_hs_mode = 1,
- .clk_divisor_std_fast_mode = 0x19,
+ .clk_divisor_std_mode = 0x19,
+ .clk_divisor_fast_mode = 0x19,
.clk_divisor_fast_plus_mode = 0x10,
.has_config_load_reg = true,
.has_multi_master_mode = true,
.has_slcg_override_reg = true,
.has_mst_fifo = false,
+ .interface_timing_enhancement = false,
+ .tlow_std_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_std_mode = 0x2,
+ .tlow_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x2,
+ .setup_hold_time_std_mode = 0,
+ .setup_hold_time_fast_fast_plus_mode = 0,
+ .setup_hold_time_hs_mode = 0,
};

-static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra194_i2c_hw = {
+static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra186_i2c_hw = {
.has_continue_xfer_support = true,
.has_per_pkt_xfer_complete_irq = true,
.has_single_clk_source = true,
.clk_divisor_hs_mode = 1,
- .clk_divisor_std_fast_mode = 0x19,
+ .clk_divisor_std_mode = 0x16,
+ .clk_divisor_fast_mode = 0x19,
.clk_divisor_fast_plus_mode = 0x10,
.has_config_load_reg = true,
.has_multi_master_mode = true,
.has_slcg_override_reg = true,
+ .has_mst_fifo = false,
+ .interface_timing_enhancement = false,
+ .tlow_std_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_std_mode = 0x3,
+ .tlow_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x4,
+ .thigh_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x2,
+ .setup_hold_time_std_mode = 0,
+ .setup_hold_time_fast_fast_plus_mode = 0,
+ .setup_hold_time_hs_mode = 0,
+};
+
+static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra194_i2c_hw = {
+ .has_continue_xfer_support = true,
+ .has_per_pkt_xfer_complete_irq = true,
+ .has_single_clk_source = true,
+ .clk_divisor_hs_mode = 2,
+ .clk_divisor_std_mode = 0x4f,
+ .clk_divisor_fast_mode = 0x3c,
+ .clk_divisor_fast_plus_mode = 0x16,
+ .has_config_load_reg = true,
+ .has_multi_master_mode = true,
+ .has_slcg_override_reg = true,
.has_mst_fifo = true,
+ .interface_timing_enhancement = true,
+ .tlow_std_mode = 0x8,
+ .thigh_std_mode = 0x7,
+ .tlow_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x2,
+ .thigh_fast_fastplus_mode = 0x2,
+ .setup_hold_time_std_mode = 0x08080808,
+ .setup_hold_time_fast_fast_plus_mode = 0x02020202,
+ .setup_hold_time_hs_mode = 0x090909,
};

/* Match table for of_platform binding */
static const struct of_device_id tegra_i2c_of_match[] = {
{ .compatible = "nvidia,tegra194-i2c", .data = &tegra194_i2c_hw, },
+ { .compatible = "nvidia,tegra186-i2c", .data = &tegra186_i2c_hw, },
{ .compatible = "nvidia,tegra210-i2c", .data = &tegra210_i2c_hw, },
{ .compatible = "nvidia,tegra124-i2c", .data = &tegra124_i2c_hw, },
{ .compatible = "nvidia,tegra114-i2c", .data = &tegra114_i2c_hw, },
@@ -937,7 +1116,6 @@ static int tegra_i2c_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
void __iomem *base;
int irq;
int ret = 0;
- int clk_multiplier = I2C_CLK_MULTIPLIER_STD_FAST_MODE;

res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
base = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
@@ -1002,20 +1180,17 @@ static int tegra_i2c_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
}
}

- i2c_dev->clk_divisor_non_hs_mode =
- i2c_dev->hw->clk_divisor_std_fast_mode;
- if (i2c_dev->hw->clk_divisor_fast_plus_mode &&
- (i2c_dev->bus_clk_rate == 1000000))
+ if ((i2c_dev->bus_clk_rate > I2C_FAST_MODE) &&
+ (i2c_dev->bus_clk_rate <= I2C_FAST_PLUS_MODE))
i2c_dev->clk_divisor_non_hs_mode =
i2c_dev->hw->clk_divisor_fast_plus_mode;
-
- clk_multiplier *= (i2c_dev->clk_divisor_non_hs_mode + 1);
- ret = clk_set_rate(i2c_dev->div_clk,
- i2c_dev->bus_clk_rate * clk_multiplier);
- if (ret) {
- dev_err(i2c_dev->dev, "Clock rate change failed %d\n", ret);
- goto unprepare_fast_clk;
- }
+ else if ((i2c_dev->bus_clk_rate > I2C_STANDARD_MODE) &&
+ (i2c_dev->bus_clk_rate <= I2C_FAST_MODE))
+ i2c_dev->clk_divisor_non_hs_mode =
+ i2c_dev->hw->clk_divisor_fast_mode;
+ else
+ i2c_dev->clk_divisor_non_hs_mode =
+ i2c_dev->hw->clk_divisor_std_mode;

ret = clk_prepare(i2c_dev->div_clk);
if (ret < 0) {
@@ -1041,7 +1216,7 @@ static int tegra_i2c_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
}
}

- ret = tegra_i2c_init(i2c_dev);
+ ret = tegra_i2c_init(i2c_dev, false);
if (ret) {
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Failed to initialize i2c controller\n");
goto disable_div_clk;
--
2.7.4
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