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Subject[PATCH v2] selftests: add binderfs selftests
Date
This adds the promised selftest for binderfs. It will verify the following
things:
- binderfs mounting works
- binder device allocation works
- performing a binder ioctl() request through a binderfs device works
- binder device removal works
- binder-control removal fails
- binderfs unmounting works

The tests are performed both privileged and unprivileged. The latter
verifies that binderfs behaves correctly in user namespaces.

Cc: Todd Kjos <tkjos@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
---
/* Changelog */
v2:
- make failure to create /dev/binderfs directory fatal in all circumstances
- make tests run in user namespace to test whether binderfs can be mounted
in user namespaces and so that unprivileged users can run the tests
- use ksft_exit_skip()

v1:
- check for ENODEV on mount failure to detect whether binderfs is
available
If it is not, skip the test and exit with success.
---
tools/testing/selftests/Makefile | 1 +
.../selftests/filesystems/binderfs/.gitignore | 1 +
.../selftests/filesystems/binderfs/Makefile | 6 +
.../filesystems/binderfs/binderfs_test.c | 270 ++++++++++++++++++
.../selftests/filesystems/binderfs/config | 3 +
5 files changed, 281 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/.gitignore
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/Makefile
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/binderfs_test.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/config

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
index 1a2bd15c5b6e..400ee81a3043 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ TARGETS += drivers/dma-buf
TARGETS += efivarfs
TARGETS += exec
TARGETS += filesystems
+TARGETS += filesystems/binderfs
TARGETS += firmware
TARGETS += ftrace
TARGETS += futex
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/.gitignore
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8a5d9bf63dd4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/.gitignore
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+binderfs_test
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..58cb659b56b4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+CFLAGS += -I../../../../../usr/include/
+TEST_GEN_PROGS := binderfs_test
+
+include ../../lib.mk
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/binderfs_test.c b/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/binderfs_test.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..988f54f2d3b0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/binderfs_test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,270 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <sys/mount.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <linux/android/binder.h>
+#include <linux/android/binderfs.h>
+#include "../../kselftest.h"
+
+static ssize_t write_nointr(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ ssize_t ret;
+again:
+ ret = write(fd, buf, count);
+ if (ret < 0 && errno == EINTR)
+ goto again;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void write_to_file(const char *filename, const void *buf, size_t count,
+ int allowed_errno)
+{
+ int fd, saved_errno;
+ ssize_t ret;
+
+ fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to open file %s\n",
+ strerror(errno), filename);
+
+ ret = write_nointr(fd, buf, count);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ if (allowed_errno && (errno == allowed_errno)) {
+ close(fd);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ goto on_error;
+ }
+
+ if ((size_t)ret != count)
+ goto on_error;
+
+ close(fd);
+ return;
+
+on_error:
+ saved_errno = errno;
+ close(fd);
+ errno = saved_errno;
+
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to write to file %s\n", strerror(errno),
+ filename);
+}
+
+static void change_to_userns(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+ uid_t uid;
+ gid_t gid;
+ /* {g,u}id_map files only allow a max of 4096 bytes written to them */
+ char idmap[4096];
+
+ uid = getuid();
+ gid = getgid();
+
+ ret = unshare(CLONE_NEWUSER);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to unshare user namespace\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+
+ write_to_file("/proc/self/setgroups", "deny", strlen("deny"), ENOENT);
+
+ ret = snprintf(idmap, sizeof(idmap), "0 %d 1", uid);
+ if (ret < 0 || (size_t)ret >= sizeof(idmap))
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to prepare uid mapping\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+
+ write_to_file("/proc/self/uid_map", idmap, strlen(idmap), 0);
+
+ ret = snprintf(idmap, sizeof(idmap), "0 %d 1", gid);
+ if (ret < 0 || (size_t)ret >= sizeof(idmap))
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to prepare uid mapping\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+
+ write_to_file("/proc/self/gid_map", idmap, strlen(idmap), 0);
+
+ ret = setgid(0);
+ if (ret)
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to setgid(0)\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+
+ ret = setuid(0);
+ if (ret)
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to setgid(0)\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+}
+
+static void change_to_mountns(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = unshare(CLONE_NEWNS);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to unshare mount namespace\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+
+ ret = mount(NULL, "/", NULL, MS_REC | MS_PRIVATE, 0);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to mount / as private\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+}
+
+static void rmdir_protect_errno(const char *dir)
+{
+ int saved_errno = errno;
+ (void)rmdir(dir);
+ errno = saved_errno;
+}
+
+static void __do_binderfs_test(void)
+{
+ int fd, ret, saved_errno;
+ size_t len;
+ ssize_t wret;
+ bool keep = false;
+ struct binderfs_device device = { 0 };
+ struct binder_version version = { 0 };
+
+ change_to_mountns();
+
+ ret = mkdir("/dev/binderfs", 0755);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ if (errno != EEXIST)
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg(
+ "%s - Failed to create binderfs mountpoint\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+
+ keep = true;
+ }
+
+ ret = mount(NULL, "/dev/binderfs", "binder", 0, 0);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ if (errno != ENODEV)
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to mount binderfs\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+
+ keep ? : rmdir_protect_errno("/dev/binderfs");
+ ksft_exit_skip(
+ "The Android binderfs filesystem is not available\n");
+ }
+
+ /* binderfs mount test passed */
+ ksft_inc_pass_cnt();
+
+ memcpy(device.name, "my-binder", strlen("my-binder"));
+
+ fd = open("/dev/binderfs/binder-control", O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg(
+ "%s - Failed to open binder-control device\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+
+ ret = ioctl(fd, BINDER_CTL_ADD, &device);
+ saved_errno = errno;
+ close(fd);
+ errno = saved_errno;
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ keep ? : rmdir_protect_errno("/dev/binderfs");
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg(
+ "%s - Failed to allocate new binder device\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+ }
+
+ printf("Allocated new binder device with major %d, minor %d, and name %s\n",
+ device.major, device.minor, device.name);
+
+ /* binder device allocation test passed */
+ ksft_inc_pass_cnt();
+
+ fd = open("/dev/binderfs/my-binder", O_CLOEXEC | O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ keep ? : rmdir_protect_errno("/dev/binderfs");
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to open my-binder device\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+ }
+
+ ret = ioctl(fd, BINDER_VERSION, &version);
+ saved_errno = errno;
+ close(fd);
+ errno = saved_errno;
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ keep ? : rmdir_protect_errno("/dev/binderfs");
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg(
+ "%s - Failed to open perform BINDER_VERSION request\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+ }
+
+ printf("Detected binder version: %d\n", version.protocol_version);
+
+ /* binder transaction with binderfs binder device passed */
+ ksft_inc_pass_cnt();
+
+ ret = unlink("/dev/binderfs/my-binder");
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ keep ? : rmdir_protect_errno("/dev/binderfs");
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to delete binder device\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+ }
+
+ /* binder device removal passed */
+ ksft_inc_pass_cnt();
+
+ ret = unlink("/dev/binderfs/binder-control");
+ if (!ret) {
+ keep ? : rmdir_protect_errno("/dev/binderfs");
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("Managed to delete binder-control device\n");
+ } else if (errno != EPERM) {
+ keep ? : rmdir_protect_errno("/dev/binderfs");
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg(
+ "%s - Failed to delete binder-control device but exited with unexpected error code\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+ }
+
+ /* binder-control device removal failed as expected */
+ ksft_inc_xfail_cnt();
+
+on_error:
+ ret = umount2("/dev/binderfs", MNT_DETACH);
+ keep ?: rmdir_protect_errno("/dev/binderfs");
+ if (ret < 0)
+ ksft_exit_fail_msg("%s - Failed to unmount binderfs\n",
+ strerror(errno));
+
+ /* binderfs unmount test passed */
+ ksft_inc_pass_cnt();
+}
+
+static void binderfs_test_privileged()
+{
+ if (geteuid() != 0)
+ ksft_print_msg(
+ "Tests are not run as root. Skipping privileged tests\n");
+ else
+ __do_binderfs_test();
+}
+
+static void binderfs_test_unprivileged()
+{
+ change_to_userns();
+ __do_binderfs_test();
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ binderfs_test_privileged();
+ binderfs_test_unprivileged();
+ ksft_exit_pass();
+}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/config b/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/config
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..02dd6cc9cf99
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/binderfs/config
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+CONFIG_ANDROID=y
+CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDERFS=y
+CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDER_IPC=y
--
2.19.1
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