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Subject[PATCHv4 07/13] node: Add heterogenous memory access attributes
Date
Heterogeneous memory systems provide memory nodes with different latency
and bandwidth performance attributes. Provide a new kernel interface for
subsystems to register the attributes under the memory target node's
initiator access class. If the system provides this information, applications
may query these attributes when deciding which node to request memory.

The following example shows the new sysfs hierarchy for a node exporting
performance attributes:

# tree -P "read*|write*" /sys/devices/system/node/nodeY/classZ/
/sys/devices/system/node/nodeY/classZ/
|-- read_bandwidth
|-- read_latency
|-- write_bandwidth
`-- write_latency

The bandwidth is exported as MB/s and latency is reported in nanoseconds.
Memory accesses from an initiator node that is not one of the memory's
class "Z" initiator nodes may encounter different performance than
reported here. When a subsystem makes use of this interface, initiators
of a lower class number, "Z", have better performance relative to higher
class numbers. When provided, class 0 is the highest performing access
class.

Signed-off-by: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
---
drivers/base/Kconfig | 8 ++++++++
drivers/base/node.c | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/node.h | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 81 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/base/Kconfig b/drivers/base/Kconfig
index 3e63a900b330..6014980238e8 100644
--- a/drivers/base/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/base/Kconfig
@@ -149,6 +149,14 @@ config DEBUG_TEST_DRIVER_REMOVE
unusable. You should say N here unless you are explicitly looking to
test this functionality.

+config HMEM_REPORTING
+ bool
+ default y
+ depends on NUMA
+ help
+ Enable reporting for heterogenous memory access attributes under
+ their non-uniform memory nodes.
+
source "drivers/base/test/Kconfig"

config SYS_HYPERVISOR
diff --git a/drivers/base/node.c b/drivers/base/node.c
index 1da5072116ab..1e909f61e8b1 100644
--- a/drivers/base/node.c
+++ b/drivers/base/node.c
@@ -66,6 +66,9 @@ struct node_class_nodes {
unsigned class;
nodemask_t initiator_nodes;
nodemask_t target_nodes;
+#ifdef CONFIG_HMEM_REPORTING
+ struct node_hmem_attrs hmem_attrs;
+#endif
};
#define to_class_nodes(dev) container_of(dev, struct node_class_nodes, dev)

@@ -145,6 +148,51 @@ static struct node_class_nodes *node_init_node_class(struct device *parent,
return NULL;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_HMEM_REPORTING
+#define ACCESS_ATTR(name) \
+static ssize_t name##_show(struct device *dev, \
+ struct device_attribute *attr, \
+ char *buf) \
+{ \
+ return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", to_class_nodes(dev)->hmem_attrs.name); \
+} \
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(name);
+
+ACCESS_ATTR(read_bandwidth)
+ACCESS_ATTR(read_latency)
+ACCESS_ATTR(write_bandwidth)
+ACCESS_ATTR(write_latency)
+
+static struct attribute *access_attrs[] = {
+ &dev_attr_read_bandwidth.attr,
+ &dev_attr_read_latency.attr,
+ &dev_attr_write_bandwidth.attr,
+ &dev_attr_write_latency.attr,
+ NULL,
+};
+ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(access);
+
+void node_set_perf_attrs(unsigned int nid, struct node_hmem_attrs *hmem_attrs,
+ unsigned class)
+{
+ struct node_class_nodes *c;
+ struct node *node;
+
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!node_online(nid)))
+ return;
+
+ node = node_devices[nid];
+ c = node_init_node_class(&node->dev, &node->class_list, class);
+ if (!c)
+ return;
+
+ c->hmem_attrs = *hmem_attrs;
+ if (sysfs_create_groups(&c->dev.kobj, access_groups))
+ pr_info("failed to add performance attribute group to node %d\n",
+ nid);
+}
+#endif
+
#define K(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10))
static ssize_t node_read_meminfo(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
diff --git a/include/linux/node.h b/include/linux/node.h
index 8e3666c12ef2..e22940a593c2 100644
--- a/include/linux/node.h
+++ b/include/linux/node.h
@@ -20,6 +20,31 @@
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>

+#ifdef CONFIG_HMEM_REPORTING
+/**
+ * struct node_hmem_attrs - heterogeneous memory performance attributes
+ *
+ * @read_bandwidth: Read bandwidth in MB/s
+ * @write_bandwidth: Write bandwidth in MB/s
+ * @read_latency: Read latency in nanoseconds
+ * @write_latency: Write latency in nanoseconds
+ */
+struct node_hmem_attrs {
+ unsigned int read_bandwidth;
+ unsigned int write_bandwidth;
+ unsigned int read_latency;
+ unsigned int write_latency;
+};
+void node_set_perf_attrs(unsigned int nid, struct node_hmem_attrs *hmem_attrs,
+ unsigned class);
+#else
+static inline void node_set_perf_attrs(unsigned int nid,
+ struct node_hmem_attrs *hmem_attrs,
+ unsigned class)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
struct node {
struct device dev;
struct list_head class_list;
--
2.14.4
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