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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/3] powerpc/mm: prepare kernel for KAsan on PPC32

On 1/15/19 2:14 PM, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 15, 2019 at 8:27 AM Christophe Leroy
> <> wrote:
>> On 01/14/2019 09:34 AM, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
>>> On Sat, Jan 12, 2019 at 12:16 PM Christophe Leroy
>>> <> wrote:
>>> &gt;
>>> &gt; In kernel/cputable.c, explicitly use memcpy() in order
>>> &gt; to allow GCC to replace it with __memcpy() when KASAN is
>>> &gt; selected.
>>> &gt;
>>> &gt; Since commit 400c47d81ca38 ("powerpc32: memset: only use dcbz once cache is
>>> &gt; enabled"), memset() can be used before activation of the cache,
>>> &gt; so no need to use memset_io() for zeroing the BSS.
>>> &gt;
>>> &gt; Signed-off-by: Christophe Leroy <>
>>> &gt; ---
>>> &gt; arch/powerpc/kernel/cputable.c | 4 ++--
>>> &gt; arch/powerpc/kernel/setup_32.c | 6 ++----
>>> &gt; 2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
>>> &gt;
>>> &gt; diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/cputable.c
>>> b/arch/powerpc/kernel/cputable.c
>>> &gt; index 1eab54bc6ee9..84814c8d1bcb 100644
>>> &gt; --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/cputable.c
>>> &gt; +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/cputable.c
>>> &gt; @@ -2147,7 +2147,7 @@ void __init set_cur_cpu_spec(struct cpu_spec *s)
>>> &gt; struct cpu_spec *t = &amp;the_cpu_spec;
>>> &gt;
>>> &gt; t = PTRRELOC(t);
>>> &gt; - *t = *s;
>>> &gt; + memcpy(t, s, sizeof(*t));
>>> Hi Christophe,
>>> I understand why you are doing this, but this looks a bit fragile and
>>> non-scalable. This may not work with the next version of compiler,
>>> just different than yours version of compiler, clang, etc.
>> My felling would be that this change makes it more solid.
>> My understanding is that when you do *t = *s, the compiler can use
>> whatever way it wants to do the copy.
>> When you do memcpy(), you ensure it will do it that way and not another
>> way, don't you ?
> It makes this single line more deterministic wrt code-gen (though,
> strictly saying compiler can turn memcpy back into inlines
> instructions, it knows memcpy semantics anyway).
> But the problem I meant is that the set of places that are subject to
> this problem is not deterministic. So if we go with this solution,
> after this change it's in the status "works on your machine" and we
> either need to commit to not using struct copies and zeroing
> throughout kernel code or potentially have a long tail of other
> similar cases, and since they can be triggered by another compiler
> version, we may need to backport these changes to previous releases
> too. Whereas if we would go with compiler flags, it would prevent the
> problem in all current and future places and with other past/future
> versions of compilers.

The patch will work for any compiler. The point of this patch is to make
memcpy() visible to the preprocessor which will replace it with __memcpy().

After preprocessor's work, compiler will see just __memcpy() call here.

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