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SubjectRe: [PATCH 14/14] staging: android: ion: Add UNMAPPED heap type and helper
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On 1/14/19 8:32 PM, Laura Abbott wrote:
> On 1/11/19 10:05 AM, Andrew F. Davis wrote:
>> The "unmapped" heap is very similar to the carveout heap except
>> the backing memory is presumed to be unmappable by the host, in
>> my specific case due to firewalls. This memory can still be
>> allocated from and used by devices that do have access to the
>> backing memory.
>>
>> Based originally on the secure/unmapped heap from Linaro for
>> the OP-TEE SDP implementation, this was re-written to match
>> the carveout heap helper code.
>>
>> Suggested-by: Etienne Carriere <etienne.carriere@linaro.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Andrew F. Davis <afd@ti.com>
>> ---
>>   drivers/staging/android/ion/Kconfig           |  10 ++
>>   drivers/staging/android/ion/Makefile          |   1 +
>>   drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.h             |  16 +++
>>   .../staging/android/ion/ion_unmapped_heap.c   | 123 ++++++++++++++++++
>>   drivers/staging/android/uapi/ion.h            |   3 +
>>   5 files changed, 153 insertions(+)
>>   create mode 100644 drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_unmapped_heap.c
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/Kconfig
>> b/drivers/staging/android/ion/Kconfig
>> index 0fdda6f62953..a117b8b91b14 100644
>> --- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/Kconfig
>> +++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/Kconfig
>> @@ -42,3 +42,13 @@ config ION_CMA_HEAP
>>         Choose this option to enable CMA heaps with Ion. This heap is
>> backed
>>         by the Contiguous Memory Allocator (CMA). If your system has
>> these
>>         regions, you should say Y here.
>> +
>> +config ION_UNMAPPED_HEAP
>> +    bool "ION unmapped heap support"
>> +    depends on ION
>> +    help
>> +      Choose this option to enable UNMAPPED heaps with Ion. This heap is
>> +      backed in specific memory pools, carveout from the Linux memory.
>> +      Unlike carveout heaps these are assumed to be not mappable by
>> +      kernel or user-space.
>> +      Unless you know your system has these regions, you should say N
>> here.
>> diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/Makefile
>> b/drivers/staging/android/ion/Makefile
>> index 17f3a7569e3d..c71a1f3de581 100644
>> --- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/Makefile
>> +++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/Makefile
>> @@ -4,3 +4,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ION_SYSTEM_HEAP) += ion_system_heap.o
>> ion_page_pool.o
>>   obj-$(CONFIG_ION_CARVEOUT_HEAP) += ion_carveout_heap.o
>>   obj-$(CONFIG_ION_CHUNK_HEAP) += ion_chunk_heap.o
>>   obj-$(CONFIG_ION_CMA_HEAP) += ion_cma_heap.o
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_ION_UNMAPPED_HEAP) += ion_unmapped_heap.o
>> diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.h
>> b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.h
>> index 97b2876b165a..ce74332018ba 100644
>> --- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.h
>> +++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.h
>> @@ -341,4 +341,20 @@ static inline struct ion_heap
>> *ion_chunk_heap_create(phys_addr_t base, size_t si
>>   }
>>   #endif
>>   +#ifdef CONFIG_ION_UNMAPPED_HEAP
>> +/**
>> + * ion_unmapped_heap_create
>> + * @base:        base address of carveout memory
>> + * @size:        size of carveout memory region
>> + *
>> + * Creates an unmapped ion_heap using the passed in data
>> + */
>> +struct ion_heap *ion_unmapped_heap_create(phys_addr_t base, size_t
>> size);
>> +#else
>> +struct ion_heap *ion_unmapped_heap_create(phys_addr_t base, size_t size)
>> +{
>> +    return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
>> +}
>> +#endif
>> +
>>   #endif /* _ION_H */
>> diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_unmapped_heap.c
>> b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_unmapped_heap.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..7602b659c2ec
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_unmapped_heap.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,123 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>> +/*
>> + * ION Memory Allocator unmapped heap helper
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (C) 2015-2016 Texas Instruments Incorporated -
>> http://www.ti.com/
>> + *    Andrew F. Davis <afd@ti.com>
>> + *
>> + * ION "unmapped" heaps are physical memory heaps not by default
>> mapped into
>> + * a virtual address space. The buffer owner can explicitly request
>> kernel
>> + * space mappings but the underlying memory may still not be
>> accessible for
>> + * various reasons, such as firewalls.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/err.h>
>> +#include <linux/genalloc.h>
>> +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>> +
>> +#include "ion.h"
>> +
>> +#define ION_UNMAPPED_ALLOCATE_FAIL -1
>> +
>> +struct ion_unmapped_heap {
>> +    struct ion_heap heap;
>> +    struct gen_pool *pool;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static phys_addr_t ion_unmapped_allocate(struct ion_heap *heap,
>> +                     unsigned long size)
>> +{
>> +    struct ion_unmapped_heap *unmapped_heap =
>> +        container_of(heap, struct ion_unmapped_heap, heap);
>> +    unsigned long offset;
>> +
>> +    offset = gen_pool_alloc(unmapped_heap->pool, size);
>> +    if (!offset)
>> +        return ION_UNMAPPED_ALLOCATE_FAIL;
>> +
>> +    return offset;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void ion_unmapped_free(struct ion_heap *heap, phys_addr_t addr,
>> +                  unsigned long size)
>> +{
>> +    struct ion_unmapped_heap *unmapped_heap =
>> +        container_of(heap, struct ion_unmapped_heap, heap);
>> +
>> +    gen_pool_free(unmapped_heap->pool, addr, size);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ion_unmapped_heap_allocate(struct ion_heap *heap,
>> +                      struct ion_buffer *buffer,
>> +                      unsigned long size,
>> +                      unsigned long flags)
>> +{
>> +    struct sg_table *table;
>> +    phys_addr_t paddr;
>> +    int ret;
>> +
>> +    table = kmalloc(sizeof(*table), GFP_KERNEL);
>> +    if (!table)
>> +        return -ENOMEM;
>> +    ret = sg_alloc_table(table, 1, GFP_KERNEL);
>> +    if (ret)
>> +        goto err_free;
>> +
>> +    paddr = ion_unmapped_allocate(heap, size);
>> +    if (paddr == ION_UNMAPPED_ALLOCATE_FAIL) {
>> +        ret = -ENOMEM;
>> +        goto err_free_table;
>> +    }
>> +
>> +    sg_set_page(table->sgl, pfn_to_page(PFN_DOWN(paddr)), size, 0);
>> +    buffer->sg_table = table;
>> +
>
>
> If this memory is actually unmapped this is not going to work because
> the struct page will not be valid.
>

If it will never get mapped then it doesn't need a valid struct page as
far as I can tell. We only use it as a marker to where the start of
backing memory is, and that is calculated based on the struct page
pointer address, not its contents.

>> +    return 0;
>> +
>> +err_free_table:
>> +    sg_free_table(table);
>> +err_free:
>> +    kfree(table);
>> +    return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void ion_unmapped_heap_free(struct ion_buffer *buffer)
>> +{
>> +    struct ion_heap *heap = buffer->heap;
>> +    struct sg_table *table = buffer->sg_table;
>> +    struct page *page = sg_page(table->sgl);
>> +    phys_addr_t paddr = PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(page));
>> +
>> +    ion_unmapped_free(heap, paddr, buffer->size);
>> +    sg_free_table(buffer->sg_table);
>> +    kfree(buffer->sg_table);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static struct ion_heap_ops unmapped_heap_ops = {
>> +    .allocate = ion_unmapped_heap_allocate,
>> +    .free = ion_unmapped_heap_free,
>> +    /* no .map_user, user mapping of unmapped heaps not allowed */
>> +    .map_kernel = ion_heap_map_kernel,
>> +    .unmap_kernel = ion_heap_unmap_kernel,
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct ion_heap *ion_unmapped_heap_create(phys_addr_t base, size_t size)
>> +{
>> +    struct ion_unmapped_heap *unmapped_heap;
>> +
>> +    unmapped_heap = kzalloc(sizeof(*unmapped_heap), GFP_KERNEL);
>> +    if (!unmapped_heap)
>> +        return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>> +
>> +    unmapped_heap->pool = gen_pool_create(PAGE_SHIFT, -1);
>> +    if (!unmapped_heap->pool) {
>> +        kfree(unmapped_heap);
>> +        return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>> +    }
>> +    gen_pool_add(unmapped_heap->pool, base, size, -1);
>> +    unmapped_heap->heap.ops = &unmapped_heap_ops;
>> +    unmapped_heap->heap.type = ION_HEAP_TYPE_UNMAPPED;
>> +
>> +    return &unmapped_heap->heap;
>> +}
>> diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/uapi/ion.h
>> b/drivers/staging/android/uapi/ion.h
>> index 5d7009884c13..d5f98bc5f340 100644
>> --- a/drivers/staging/android/uapi/ion.h
>> +++ b/drivers/staging/android/uapi/ion.h
>> @@ -19,6 +19,8 @@
>>    *                 carveout heap, allocations are physically
>>    *                 contiguous
>>    * @ION_HEAP_TYPE_DMA:         memory allocated via DMA API
>> + * @ION_HEAP_TYPE_UNMAPPED:     memory not intended to be mapped into
>> the
>> + *                 linux address space unless for debug cases
>>    * @ION_NUM_HEAPS:         helper for iterating over heaps, a bit mask
>>    *                 is used to identify the heaps, so only 32
>>    *                 total heap types are supported
>> @@ -29,6 +31,7 @@ enum ion_heap_type {
>>       ION_HEAP_TYPE_CARVEOUT,
>>       ION_HEAP_TYPE_CHUNK,
>>       ION_HEAP_TYPE_DMA,
>> +    ION_HEAP_TYPE_UNMAPPED,
>>       ION_HEAP_TYPE_CUSTOM, /*
>>                      * must be last so device specific heaps always
>>                      * are at the end of this enum
>>
>
> Overall this seems way too similar to the carveout heap
> to justify adding another heap type. It also still missing
> the part of where exactly you call ion_unmapped_heap_create.
> Figuring that out is one of the blocking items for moving
> Ion out of staging.
>

I agree with this being almost a 1:1 copy of the carveout heap, I'm just
not sure of a good way to do this without a new heap type. Adding flags
to the existing carveout type seem a bit messy. Plus then those flags
should be valid for other heap types, gets complicated quickly..

I'll reply to the second part in your other top level response.

Andrew

> Thanks,
> Laura

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