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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2 1/2] uaccess: Check no rescheduling function is called in unsafe region
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Hi,

On 14/01/2019 12:03, Valentin Schneider wrote:
> Hi,
>
> On 03/12/2018 13:55, Julien Thierry wrote:
>> While running a user_access regions, it is not supported to reschedule.
>> Add an overridable primitive to indicate whether a user_access region is
>> active and check that this is not the case when calling rescheduling
>> functions.
>>
>> Also, add a comment clarifying the behaviour of user_access regions.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Julien Thierry <julien.thierry@arm.com>
>> ---
>> include/linux/kernel.h | 6 ++++--
>> include/linux/uaccess.h | 11 +++++++++++
>> kernel/sched/core.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
>> 3 files changed, 34 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>
>> I'm not sure these are the best locations to check this but I was hoping
>> this patch could start the discussion.
>>
>> Should I move the check? Should I add a config option to conditionally
>> build those checks?
>>
>
> I was going to say it's already under DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP, but that's only
> true for the __might_sleep() bit actually.
>
> I think it'd make sense to blanket that under a config, but using
> DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP for that is a bit too much. What about a
> DEBUG_UACCESS_SLEEP?
>

Yes, I was wondering whether to add something like that, I'll add a
DEBUG_UACCESS_SLEEP to my next version.

>> diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
>> index d6aac75..fe0e984 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/kernel.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
>> @@ -237,11 +237,13 @@
>> struct pt_regs;
>> struct user;
>>
>> +extern void __might_resched(const char *file, int line);
>> #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY
>> extern int _cond_resched(void);
>> -# define might_resched() _cond_resched()
>> +# define might_resched() \
>> + do { __might_resched(__FILE__, __LINE__); _cond_resched(); } while (0)
>> #else
>> -# define might_resched() do { } while (0)
>> +# define might_resched() __might_resched(__FILE__, __LINE__)> #endif
>>
>> #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP
>> diff --git a/include/linux/uaccess.h b/include/linux/uaccess.h
>> index efe79c1..50adb84 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/uaccess.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/uaccess.h
>> @@ -266,6 +266,13 @@ static inline unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *to,
>> #define probe_kernel_address(addr, retval) \
>> probe_kernel_read(&retval, addr, sizeof(retval))
>>
>> +/*
>> + * user_access_begin() and user_access_end() define a region where
>> + * unsafe user accessors can be used.
>> + * During execution of this region, no sleeping functions should be called.
>> + * Exceptions and interrupt shall exit the user_access region and re-enter it
>> + * when returning to the interrupted context.
>> + */
>
> I would first have the bit about exceptions, then mention sleeping and add
> something along the lines of
>
> "[...] no sleeping functions should be called - we rely on exception
> handling to take care of the user_access status for us, but that doesn't
> happen when directly calling schedule()."
>
> My wording's not the best but I just want something to point out *why*
> sleeping ain't okay.
>

I think the wording is alright, I'll include your suggestion for the
next version.

>> #ifndef user_access_begin
>> #define user_access_begin() do { } while (0)
>> #define user_access_end() do { } while (0)
>> @@ -273,6 +280,10 @@ static inline unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *to,
>> #define unsafe_put_user(x, ptr, err) do { if (unlikely(__put_user(x, ptr))) goto err; } while (0)
>> #endif
>>
>> +#ifndef unsafe_user_region_active
>> +#define unsafe_user_region_active() false
>> +#endif
>> +
>> #ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY
>> void usercopy_warn(const char *name, const char *detail, bool to_user,
>> unsigned long offset, unsigned long len);
>> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
>> index 6fedf3a..03f53c8 100644
>> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
>> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
>> @@ -3289,6 +3289,13 @@ static inline void schedule_debug(struct task_struct *prev)
>> __schedule_bug(prev);
>> preempt_count_set(PREEMPT_DISABLED);
>> }
>> +
>> + if (unlikely(unsafe_user_region_active())) {
>> + printk(KERN_ERR "BUG: scheduling while user_access enabled: %s/%d/0x%08x\n",
>> + prev->comm, prev->pid, preempt_count());
>> + dump_stack();
>> + }
>> +
>> rcu_sleep_check();
>>
>> profile_hit(SCHED_PROFILING, __builtin_return_address(0));
>> @@ -6151,6 +6158,18 @@ void ___might_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset)
>> EXPORT_SYMBOL(___might_sleep);
>> #endif
>>
>> +void __might_resched(const char *file, int line)
>> +{
>> + if (!unsafe_user_region_active())
>> + return;
>> +
>> + printk(KERN_ERR
>> + "BUG: rescheduling function called from user access context at %s:%d\n",
>> + file, line);
>> + dump_stack();
>> +}
>
> So this check is "careful, things might go bad" and the schedule_debug()
> one is "things went bad". IIUC we'll always get this warning when we hit
> the schedule_debug() one. I was going to suggest only keeping one of them,
> but I think both hold value.
>

Yes, I can't really convince myself to remove either, unless there is a
magic place that covers both cases.

Thanks for the suggestions.

Cheers,

--
Julien Thierry

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