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SubjectRe: [PATCH v9] mm/page_alloc.c: memory_hotplug: free pages as higher order
On 2019-01-14 21:45, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> On Mon, 2019-01-14 at 19:29 +0530, Arun KS wrote:
>> On 2019-01-10 21:53, Alexander Duyck wrote:
>> > On Thu, 2019-01-10 at 11:05 +0530, Arun KS wrote:
>> > > When freeing pages are done with higher order, time spent on
>> > > coalescing
>> > > pages by buddy allocator can be reduced. With section size of 256MB,
>> > > hot
>> > > add latency of a single section shows improvement from 50-60 ms to
>> > > less
>> > > than 1 ms, hence improving the hot add latency by 60 times. Modify
>> > > external providers of online callback to align with the change.
>> > >
>> > > Signed-off-by: Arun KS <arunks@codeaurora.org>
>> > > Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
>> > > Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
>> >
>> > So I decided to give this one last thorough review and I think I might
>> > have found a few more minor issues, but not anything that is
>> > necessarily a showstopper.
>> >
>> > Reviewed-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
>> >
>> > > ---
>> > > Changes since v8:
>> > > - Remove return type change for online_page_callback.
>> > > - Use consistent names for external online_page providers.
>> > > - Fix onlined_pages accounting.
>> > >
>> > > Changes since v7:
>> > > - Rebased to 5.0-rc1.
>> > > - Fixed onlined_pages accounting.
>> > > - Added comment for return value of online_page_callback.
>> > > - Renamed xen_bring_pgs_online to xen_online_pages.
>> > >
>> > > Changes since v6:
>> > > - Rebased to 4.20
>> > > - Changelog updated.
>> > > - No improvement seen on arm64, hence removed removal of prefetch.
>> > >
>> > > Changes since v5:
>> > > - Rebased to 4.20-rc1.
>> > > - Changelog updated.
>> > >
>> > > Changes since v4:
>> > > - As suggested by Michal Hocko,
>> > > - Simplify logic in online_pages_block() by using get_order().
>> > > - Seperate out removal of prefetch from __free_pages_core().
>> > >
>> > > Changes since v3:
>> > > - Renamed _free_pages_boot_core -> __free_pages_core.
>> > > - Removed prefetch from __free_pages_core.
>> > > - Removed xen_online_page().
>> > >
>> > > Changes since v2:
>> > > - Reuse code from __free_pages_boot_core().
>> > >
>> > > Changes since v1:
>> > > - Removed prefetch().
>> > >
>> > > Changes since RFC:
>> > > - Rebase.
>> > > - As suggested by Michal Hocko remove pages_per_block.
>> > > - Modifed external providers of online_page_callback.
>> > >
>> > > v8: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1030332/
>> > > v7: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1028908/
>> > > v6: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1007253/
>> > > v5: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/995739/
>> > > v4: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/995111/
>> > > v3: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/992348/
>> > > v2: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/991363/
>> > > v1: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/989445/
>> > > RFC: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/984754/
>> > > ---
>> > > ---
>> > > drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c | 4 ++--
>> > > drivers/xen/balloon.c | 15 ++++++++++-----
>> > > include/linux/memory_hotplug.h | 2 +-
>> > > mm/internal.h | 1 +
>> > > mm/memory_hotplug.c | 37
>> > > +++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
>> > > mm/page_alloc.c | 8 ++++----
>> > > 6 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)
>> > >
>> > > diff --git a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
>> > > index 5301fef..55d79f8 100644
>> > > --- a/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
>> > > +++ b/drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
>> > > @@ -771,7 +771,7 @@ static void hv_mem_hot_add(unsigned long start,
>> > > unsigned long size,
>> > > }
>> > > }
>> > >
>> > > -static void hv_online_page(struct page *pg)
>> > > +static void hv_online_page(struct page *pg, unsigned int order)
>> > > {
>> > > struct hv_hotadd_state *has;
>> > > unsigned long flags;
>> > > @@ -783,7 +783,7 @@ static void hv_online_page(struct page *pg)
>> > > if ((pfn < has->start_pfn) || (pfn >= has->end_pfn))
>> > > continue;
>> > >
>> >
>> > I haven't followed earlier reviews, but do we know for certain the
>> > entire range being onlined will fit within a single hv_hotadd_state? If
>> > nothing else it seems like this check should be updated so that we are
>> > checking to verify that pfn + (1UL << order) is less than or equal to
>> > has->end_pfn.
>>
>> Good catch. I ll change the check to,
>> if ((pfn < has->start_pfn) ||
>> (pfn + (1UL << order) >= has->end_pfn))
>> continue;
>>
>> >
>> > > - hv_page_online_one(has, pg);
>> > > + hv_bring_pgs_online(has, pfn, (1UL << order));
>> > > break;
>> > > }
>> > > spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dm_device.ha_lock, flags);
>> > > diff --git a/drivers/xen/balloon.c b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
>> > > index ceb5048..d107447 100644
>> > > --- a/drivers/xen/balloon.c
>> > > +++ b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
>> > > @@ -369,14 +369,19 @@ static enum bp_state
>> > > reserve_additional_memory(void)
>> > > return BP_ECANCELED;
>> > > }
>> > >
>> > > -static void xen_online_page(struct page *page)
>> > > +static void xen_online_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
>> > > {
>> > > - __online_page_set_limits(page);
>> > > + unsigned long i, size = (1 << order);
>> > > + unsigned long start_pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
>> > > + struct page *p;
>> > >
>> > > + pr_debug("Online %lu pages starting at pfn 0x%lx\n", size,
>> > > start_pfn);
>> > > mutex_lock(&balloon_mutex);
>> > > -
>> > > - __balloon_append(page);
>> > > -
>> > > + for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
>> > > + p = pfn_to_page(start_pfn + i);
>> > > + __online_page_set_limits(p);
>> > > + __balloon_append(p);
>> > > + }
>> > > mutex_unlock(&balloon_mutex);
>> > > }
>> > >
>> > > diff --git a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
>> > > b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
>> > > index 07da5c6..e368730 100644
>> > > --- a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
>> > > +++ b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
>> > > @@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ extern int test_pages_in_a_zone(unsigned long
>> > > start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn,
>> > > unsigned long *valid_start, unsigned long *valid_end);
>> > > extern void __offline_isolated_pages(unsigned long, unsigned long);
>> > >
>> > > -typedef void (*online_page_callback_t)(struct page *page);
>> > > +typedef void (*online_page_callback_t)(struct page *page, unsigned
>> > > int order);
>> > >
>> > > extern int set_online_page_callback(online_page_callback_t callback);
>> > > extern int restore_online_page_callback(online_page_callback_t
>> > > callback);
>> > > diff --git a/mm/internal.h b/mm/internal.h
>> > > index f4a7bb0..536bc2a 100644
>> > > --- a/mm/internal.h
>> > > +++ b/mm/internal.h
>> > > @@ -163,6 +163,7 @@ static inline struct page
>> > > *pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn,
>> > > extern int __isolate_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int
>> > > order);
>> > > extern void memblock_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned long pfn,
>> > > unsigned int order);
>> > > +extern void __free_pages_core(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
>> > > extern void prep_compound_page(struct page *page, unsigned int
>> > > order);
>> > > extern void post_alloc_hook(struct page *page, unsigned int order,
>> > > gfp_t gfp_flags);
>> > > diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>> > > index b9a667d..77dff24 100644
>> > > --- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>> > > +++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>> > > @@ -47,7 +47,7 @@
>> > > * and restore_online_page_callback() for generic callback restore.
>> > > */
>> > >
>> > > -static void generic_online_page(struct page *page);
>> > > +static void generic_online_page(struct page *page, unsigned int
>> > > order);
>> > >
>> > > static online_page_callback_t online_page_callback =
>> > > generic_online_page;
>> > > static DEFINE_MUTEX(online_page_callback_lock);
>> > > @@ -656,26 +656,39 @@ void __online_page_free(struct page *page)
>> > > }
>> > > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__online_page_free);
>> > >
>> > > -static void generic_online_page(struct page *page)
>> > > +static void generic_online_page(struct page *page, unsigned int
>> > > order)
>> > > {
>> > > - __online_page_set_limits(page);
>> > > - __online_page_increment_counters(page);
>> > > - __online_page_free(page);
>> > > + __free_pages_core(page, order);
>> > > + totalram_pages_add(1UL << order);
>> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
>> > > + if (PageHighMem(page))
>> > > + totalhigh_pages_add(1UL << order);
>> > > +#endif
>> > > +}
>> > > +
>> > > +static int online_pages_blocks(unsigned long start, unsigned long
>> > > nr_pages)
>> > > +{
>> > > + unsigned long end = start + nr_pages;
>> > > + int order, ret, onlined_pages = 0;
>> > > +
>> > > + while (start < end) {
>> > > + order = min(MAX_ORDER - 1,
>> > > + get_order(PFN_PHYS(end) - PFN_PHYS(start)));
>> >
>> > So this is mostly just optimization related so you can ignore this
>> > suggestion if you want. I was looking at this and it occurred to me
>> > that I don't think you need to convert this to a physical address do
>> > you?
>> >
>> > Couldn't you just do something like the following:
>> > if ((end - start) >= (1UL << (MAX_ORDER - 1))
>> > order = MAX_ORDER - 1;
>> > else
>> > order = __fls(end - start);
>> >
>> > I would think this would save you a few steps in terms of conversions
>> > and such since you are already working in page frame numbers anyway so
>> > a block of 8 pfns would represent an order 3 page wouldn't it?
>> >
>> > Also it seems like an alternative to using "end" would be to just track
>> > nr_pages. Then you wouldn't have to do the "end - start" math in a few
>> > spots as long as you remembered to decrement nr_pages by the amount you
>> > increment start by.
>>
>> Thanks for that. How about this?
>>
>> static int online_pages_blocks(unsigned long start, unsigned long
>> nr_pages)
>> {
>> unsigned long end = start + nr_pages;
>> int order;
>>
>> while (nr_pages) {
>> if (nr_pages >= (1UL << (MAX_ORDER - 1)))
>> order = MAX_ORDER - 1;
>> else
>> order = __fls(nr_pages);
>>
>> (*online_page_callback)(pfn_to_page(start), order);
>> nr_pages -= (1UL << order);
>> start += (1UL << order);
>> }
>> return end - start;
>> }
>>
>> Regards,
>> Arun
>
> You would still need to return onlined_pages or something similar at
> the end of the function. The problem is end - start should always be 0
> if your loop succeeds. Either that or you could save of nr_pages to
> onlined_pages directly and then return that and the end of the
> function.

Oh right. Considering Michal's comment, I ll leave this as it is for
now.

Regards,
Arun

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