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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] x86, numa: always initialize all possible nodes
Date
Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> writes:

> From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
>
> Pingfan Liu has reported the following splat
> [ 5.772742] BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at 0000000000002088
> [ 5.773618] PGD 0 P4D 0
> [ 5.773618] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI
> [ 5.773618] CPU: 2 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.20.0-rc1+ #3
> [ 5.773618] Hardware name: Dell Inc. PowerEdge R7425/02MJ3T, BIOS 1.4.3 06/29/2018
> [ 5.773618] RIP: 0010:__alloc_pages_nodemask+0xe2/0x2a0
> [ 5.773618] Code: 00 00 44 89 ea 80 ca 80 41 83 f8 01 44 0f 44 ea 89 da c1 ea 08 83 e2 01 88 54 24 20 48 8b 54 24 08 48 85 d2 0f 85 46 01 00 00 <3b> 77 08 0f 82 3d 01 00 00 48 89 f8 44 89 ea 48 89
> e1 44 89 e6 89
> [ 5.773618] RSP: 0018:ffffaa600005fb20 EFLAGS: 00010246
> [ 5.773618] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 00000000006012c0 RCX: 0000000000000000
> [ 5.773618] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000002 RDI: 0000000000002080
> [ 5.773618] RBP: 00000000006012c0 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000002
> [ 5.773618] R10: 00000000006080c0 R11: 0000000000000002 R12: 0000000000000000
> [ 5.773618] R13: 0000000000000001 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000002
> [ 5.773618] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff8c69afe00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 5.773618] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 5.773618] CR2: 0000000000002088 CR3: 000000087e00a000 CR4: 00000000003406e0
> [ 5.773618] Call Trace:
> [ 5.773618] new_slab+0xa9/0x570
> [ 5.773618] ___slab_alloc+0x375/0x540
> [ 5.773618] ? pinctrl_bind_pins+0x2b/0x2a0
> [ 5.773618] __slab_alloc+0x1c/0x38
> [ 5.773618] __kmalloc_node_track_caller+0xc8/0x270
> [ 5.773618] ? pinctrl_bind_pins+0x2b/0x2a0
> [ 5.773618] devm_kmalloc+0x28/0x60
> [ 5.773618] pinctrl_bind_pins+0x2b/0x2a0
> [ 5.773618] really_probe+0x73/0x420
> [ 5.773618] driver_probe_device+0x115/0x130
> [ 5.773618] __driver_attach+0x103/0x110
> [ 5.773618] ? driver_probe_device+0x130/0x130
> [ 5.773618] bus_for_each_dev+0x67/0xc0
> [ 5.773618] ? klist_add_tail+0x3b/0x70
> [ 5.773618] bus_add_driver+0x41/0x260
> [ 5.773618] ? pcie_port_setup+0x4d/0x4d
> [ 5.773618] driver_register+0x5b/0xe0
> [ 5.773618] ? pcie_port_setup+0x4d/0x4d
> [ 5.773618] do_one_initcall+0x4e/0x1d4
> [ 5.773618] ? init_setup+0x25/0x28
> [ 5.773618] kernel_init_freeable+0x1c1/0x26e
> [ 5.773618] ? loglevel+0x5b/0x5b
> [ 5.773618] ? rest_init+0xb0/0xb0
> [ 5.773618] kernel_init+0xa/0x110
> [ 5.773618] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x40
> [ 5.773618] Modules linked in:
> [ 5.773618] CR2: 0000000000002088
> [ 5.773618] ---[ end trace 1030c9120a03d081 ]---
>
> with his AMD machine with the following topology
> NUMA node0 CPU(s): 0,8,16,24
> NUMA node1 CPU(s): 2,10,18,26
> NUMA node2 CPU(s): 4,12,20,28
> NUMA node3 CPU(s): 6,14,22,30
> NUMA node4 CPU(s): 1,9,17,25
> NUMA node5 CPU(s): 3,11,19,27
> NUMA node6 CPU(s): 5,13,21,29
> NUMA node7 CPU(s): 7,15,23,31
>
> [ 0.007418] Early memory node ranges
> [ 0.007419] node 1: [mem 0x0000000000001000-0x000000000008efff]
> [ 0.007420] node 1: [mem 0x0000000000090000-0x000000000009ffff]
> [ 0.007422] node 1: [mem 0x0000000000100000-0x000000005c3d6fff]
> [ 0.007422] node 1: [mem 0x00000000643df000-0x0000000068ff7fff]
> [ 0.007423] node 1: [mem 0x000000006c528000-0x000000006fffffff]
> [ 0.007424] node 1: [mem 0x0000000100000000-0x000000047fffffff]
> [ 0.007425] node 5: [mem 0x0000000480000000-0x000000087effffff]
>
> and nr_cpus set to 4. The underlying reason is tha the device is bound
> to node 2 which doesn't have any memory and init_cpu_to_node only
> initializes memory-less nodes for possible cpus which nr_cpus restrics.
> This in turn means that proper zonelists are not allocated and the page
> allocator blows up.
>
> Fix the issue by reworking how x86 initializes the memory less nodes.
> The current implementation is hacked into the workflow and it doesn't
> allow any flexibility. There is init_memory_less_node called for each
> offline node that has a CPU as already mentioned above. This will make
> sure that we will have a new online node without any memory. Much later
> on we build a zone list for this node and things seem to work, except
> they do not (e.g. due to nr_cpus). Not to mention that it doesn't really
> make much sense to consider an empty node as online because we just
> consider this node whenever we want to iterate nodes to use and empty
> node is obviously not the best candidate. This is all just too fragile.
>
> Reported-by: Pingfan Liu <kernelfans@gmail.com>
> Tested-by: Pingfan Liu <kernelfans@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> ---
>
> Hi,
> I am sending this as an RFC because I am not sure this is the proper way
> to go myself. I am especially not sure about other architectures
> supporting memoryless nodes (ppc and ia64 AFAICS or are there more?).
>
> I would appreciate a help with those architectures because I couldn't
> really grasp how the memoryless nodes are really initialized there. E.g.
> ppc only seem to call setup_node_data for online nodes but I couldn't
> find any special treatment for nodes without any memory.

We have a somewhat dubious hack in our hotplug code, see:

e67e02a544e9 ("powerpc/pseries: Fix cpu hotplug crash with memoryless nodes")

Which basically onlines the node when we hotplug a CPU into it.

cheers

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