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SubjectRe: [alsa-devel] [PATCH] ASoC: soc-core: Fix null pointer dereference in soc_find_component
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On 1/14/19 6:06 PM, Mark Brown wrote:
> On Fri, Jan 11, 2019 at 03:49:08PM -0600, Pierre-Louis Bossart wrote:
>
>> Adding some traces I can see that the the platform name we use doesn't seem
>> compatible with your logic. All the Intel boards used a constant platform
>> name matching the PCI ID, see e.g. [1], which IIRC is used to bind
>> components. Liam, do you recall in more details if this is really required?
> That's telling me that either snd_soc_find_components() isn't finding
> components in the same way that we do when we bind things which isn't
> good or we're binding links without having fully matched everything on
> the link which also isn't good.
>
> Without a system that shows the issue I can't 100% confirm but I think
> it's the former - I'm fairly sure that those machines are relying on the
> component name being initialized to fmt_single_name() in
> snd_soc_component_initialize(). That is supposed to wind up using
> dev_name() (which would be the PCI address for a PCI device) as the
> basis of the name. What I can't currently see is how exactly that gets
> bound (or how any of the other links avoid trouble for that matter). We
> could revert and push this into cards but I would rather be confident
> that we understand what's going on, I'm not comfortable that we aren't
> just pushing the breakage around rather than fixing it. Can someone
> with an x86 system take a look and confirm exactly what's going on with
> binding these cards please?

I am actually not sure at all why we need the platform_name to be set in
Intel machine drivers.

I ran a 5mn experiment with SOF and we completely ignore what is set by
machine drivers, it's overridden by the component name:

            dev_info(card->dev, "info: override FE DAI link %s\n",
                 card->dai_link[i].name);

            /* override platform component */
            if (snd_soc_init_platform(card, dai_link) < 0) {
                dev_err(card->dev, "init platform error");
                continue;
            }
            pr_err("plb: platform_name was %s, now %s\n",
                   dai_link->platform->name,
                   component->name);

            dai_link->platform->name = component->name;

existing machine driver (info is incorrect btw, should be BE DAI link)

[   36.628466] bxt-pcm512x bxt-pcm512x: info: override FE DAI link
SSP5-Codec
[   36.628469] plb: platform_name was sof-audio, now sof-audio
[   36.628772] bxt-pcm512x bxt-pcm512x: info: override FE DAI link iDisp1
[   36.628773] plb: platform_name was 0000:00:0e.0, now sof-audio
[   36.629111] bxt-pcm512x bxt-pcm512x: info: override FE DAI link iDisp2
[   36.629112] plb: platform_name was 0000:00:0e.0, now sof-audio
[   36.629422] bxt-pcm512x bxt-pcm512x: info: override FE DAI link iDisp3
[   36.629423] plb: platform_name was 0000:00:0e.0, now sof-audio

machine driver with all platform_name commented out, no regression at all.

[   15.839652] sof-audio sof-audio: created machine bxt-pcm512x
[   15.846990] bxt-pcm512x bxt-pcm512x: info: override FE DAI link
SSP5-Codec
[   15.846995] plb: platform_name was snd-soc-dummy, now sof-audio
[   15.847325] bxt-pcm512x bxt-pcm512x: info: override FE DAI link iDisp1
[   15.847326] plb: platform_name was snd-soc-dummy, now sof-audio
[   15.847657] bxt-pcm512x bxt-pcm512x: info: override FE DAI link iDisp2
[   15.847658] plb: platform_name was snd-soc-dummy, now sof-audio
[   15.847974] bxt-pcm512x bxt-pcm512x: info: override FE DAI link iDisp3
[   15.847974] plb: platform_name was snd-soc-dummy, now sof-audio

I checked for a bit longer with the Skylake driver, I also couldn't see
a difference with or without the platform_name set.

diff --git a/sound/soc/soc-core.c b/sound/soc/soc-core.c
index 0462b3ec977a..0fdf99ec17cd 100644
--- a/sound/soc/soc-core.c
+++ b/sound/soc/soc-core.c
@@ -918,7 +918,7 @@ static int soc_bind_dai_link(struct snd_soc_card *card,
                if (!snd_soc_is_matching_component(dai_link->platform,
                                                   component))
                        continue;
-
+               pr_err("plb: binding with component_name %s \n",
component->name);
                snd_soc_rtdcom_add(rtd, component);
        }

@@ -1041,6 +1041,8 @@ static int snd_soc_init_platform(struct
snd_soc_card *card,
                if (!platform)
                        return -ENOMEM;

+               pr_err("plb: %s: plaform->name set to %s\n", __func__,
+                      dai_link->platform_name);
                dai_link->platform      = platform;
                platform->name          = dai_link->platform_name;
                platform->of_node       = dai_link->platform_of_node;
[    1.345143] plb: snd_soc_init_platform: plaform->name set to 0000:00:1f.3
[    1.345148] skl_hda_dsp_generic skl_hda_dsp_generic: ASoC: binding
CNL Audio
[    1.345151] plb: binding with component_name 0000:00:1f.3
[    1.345153] plb: snd_soc_init_platform: plaform->name set to 0000:00:1f.3
[    1.345154] skl_hda_dsp_generic skl_hda_dsp_generic: ASoC: binding
CNL HDMI1
[    1.345155] plb: binding with component_name 0000:00:1f.3
[    1.345157] plb: snd_soc_init_platform: plaform->name set to 0000:00:1f.3
[    1.345158] skl_hda_dsp_generic skl_hda_dsp_generic: ASoC: binding
CNL HDMI2
[    1.345159] plb: binding with component_name 0000:00:1f.3
[    1.345161] plb: snd_soc_init_platform: plaform->name set to 0000:00:1f.3
[    1.345162] skl_hda_dsp_generic skl_hda_dsp_generic: ASoC: binding
CNL HDMI3
[    1.345163] plb: binding with component_name 0000:00:1f.3
[    1.349607] plb: snd_soc_init_platform: plaform->name set to (null)
[    1.349613] skl_hda_dsp_generic skl_hda_dsp_generic: ASoC: binding
CNL Audio
[    1.349617] plb: binding with component_name snd-soc-dummy
[    1.349619] plb: binding with component_name snd-soc-dummy
[    1.349621] plb: snd_soc_init_platform: plaform->name set to (null)
[    1.349623] skl_hda_dsp_generic skl_hda_dsp_generic: ASoC: binding
CNL HDMI1
[    1.349625] plb: binding with component_name snd-soc-dummy
[    1.349626] plb: binding with component_name snd-soc-dummy
[    1.349628] plb: snd_soc_init_platform: plaform->name set to (null)
[    1.349631] skl_hda_dsp_generic skl_hda_dsp_generic: ASoC: binding
CNL HDMI2
[    1.349632] plb: binding with component_name snd-soc-dummy
[    1.349633] plb: binding with component_name snd-soc-dummy
[    1.349635] plb: snd_soc_init_platform: plaform->name set to (null)
[    1.349638] skl_hda_dsp_generic skl_hda_dsp_generic: ASoC: binding
CNL HDMI3
[    1.349639] plb: binding with component_name snd-soc-dummy
[    1.349641] plb: binding with component_name snd-soc-dummy

Audio playback works in both cases.

The funny thing is that the list of components is right in
/sys/kernel/debug/asoc.

My guess is that the required PCI component is already added when the
platform_name is used in soc_bind_dai_link() and snd_soc_rtdcom_add()
does nothing for the back-end, so the dailink platform_name has actually
zero influence on the outcome.

Another way to look at it is that we already provide the
dai_link->cpu_dai_name which is enough for soc_bind_dai_link() to find
the relevant component and as a result the dailink->platform_name seems
redundant/unnecessary. I am using the conditional here since this part
of the code (Intel driver included) seems to work by accident rather
than by design, and we'd need a set of additional tests before removing
these hard-coded initializations.

Does this help?

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