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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH v2 00/21] PMEM NUMA node and hotness accounting/migration
On Thu 10-01-19 11:25:56, Jerome Glisse wrote:
> On Fri, Dec 28, 2018 at 08:52:24PM +0100, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > [Ccing Mel and Andrea]
> >
> > On Fri 28-12-18 21:31:11, Wu Fengguang wrote:
> > > > > > I haven't looked at the implementation yet but if you are proposing a
> > > > > > special cased zone lists then this is something CDM (Coherent Device
> > > > > > Memory) was trying to do two years ago and there was quite some
> > > > > > skepticism in the approach.
> > > > >
> > > > > It looks we are pretty different than CDM. :)
> > > > > We creating new NUMA nodes rather than CDM's new ZONE.
> > > > > The zonelists modification is just to make PMEM nodes more separated.
> > > >
> > > > Yes, this is exactly what CDM was after. Have a zone which is not
> > > > reachable without explicit request AFAIR. So no, I do not think you are
> > > > too different, you just use a different terminology ;)
> > >
> > > Got it. OK.. The fall back zonelists patch does need more thoughts.
> > >
> > > In long term POV, Linux should be prepared for multi-level memory.
> > > Then there will arise the need to "allocate from this level memory".
> > > So it looks good to have separated zonelists for each level of memory.
> >
> > Well, I do not have a good answer for you here. We do not have good
> > experiences with those systems, I am afraid. NUMA is with us for more
> > than a decade yet our APIs are coarse to say the least and broken at so
> > many times as well. Starting a new API just based on PMEM sounds like a
> > ticket to another disaster to me.
> >
> > I would like to see solid arguments why the current model of numa nodes
> > with fallback in distances order cannot be used for those new
> > technologies in the beginning and develop something better based on our
> > experiences that we gain on the way.
> I see several issues with distance. First it does fully abstract the
> underlying topology and this might be problematic, for instance if
> you memory with different characteristic in same node like persistent
> memory connected to some CPU then it might be faster for that CPU to
> access that persistent memory has it has dedicated link to it than to
> access some other remote memory for which the CPU might have to share
> the link with other CPUs or devices.
> Second distance is no longer easy to compute when you are not trying
> to answer what is the fastest memory for CPU-N but rather asking what
> is the fastest memory for CPU-N and device-M ie when you are trying to
> find the best memory for a group of CPUs/devices. The answer can
> changes drasticly depending on members of the groups.

While you might be right, I would _really_ appreciate to start with a
simpler model and go to a more complex one based on realy HW and real
experiences than start with an overly complicated and over engineered
approach from scratch.

> Some advance programmer already do graph matching ie they match the
> graph of their program dataset/computation with the topology graph
> of the computer they run on to determine what is best placement both
> for threads and memory.

And those can still use our mempolicy API to describe their needs. If
existing API is not sufficient then let's talk about which pieces are

> > I would be especially interested about a possibility of the memory
> > migration idea during a memory pressure and relying on numa balancing to
> > resort the locality on demand rather than hiding certain NUMA nodes or
> > zones from the allocator and expose them only to the userspace.
> For device memory we have more things to think of like:
> - memory not accessible by CPU
> - non cache coherent memory (yet still useful in some case if
> application explicitly ask for it)
> - device driver want to keep full control over memory as older
> application like graphic for GPU, do need contiguous physical
> memory and other tight control over physical memory placement

Again, I believe that HMM is to target those non-coherent or
non-accessible memory and I do not think it is helpful to put them into
the mix here.

> So if we are talking about something to replace NUMA i would really
> like for that to be inclusive of device memory (which can itself be
> a hierarchy of different memory with different characteristics).

I think we should build on the existing NUMA infrastructure we have.
Developing something completely new is not going to happen anytime soon
and I am not convinced the result would be that much better either.
Michal Hocko

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