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SubjectRe: [PATCH v15 10/11] livepatch: Remove ordering (stacking) of the livepatches
On Wed, 9 Jan 2019, Petr Mladek wrote:

> The atomic replace and cumulative patches were introduced as a more secure
> way to handle dependent patches. They simplify the logic:
> + Any new cumulative patch is supposed to take over shadow variables
> and changes made by callbacks from previous livepatches.
> + All replaced patches are discarded and the modules can be unloaded.
> As a result, there is only one scenario when a cumulative livepatch
> gets disabled.
> The different handling of "normal" and cumulative patches might cause
> confusion. It would make sense to keep only one mode. On the other hand,
> it would be rude to enforce using the cumulative livepatches even for
> trivial and independent (hot) fixes.
> However, the stack of patches is not really necessary any longer.
> The patch ordering was never clearly visible via the sysfs interface.
> Also the "normal" patches need a lot of caution anyway.
> Note that the list of enabled patches is still necessary but the ordering
> is not longer enforced.
> Otherwise, the code is ready to disable livepatches in an random order.
> Namely, klp_check_stack_func() always looks for the function from
> the livepatch that is being disabled. klp_func structures are just
> removed from the related func_stack. Finally, the ftrace handlers
> is removed only when the func_stack becomes empty.
> Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <>

Acked-by: Miroslav Benes <>


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