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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 09/16] sched/core: uclamp: map TG's clamp values into CPU's clamp groups
On Tue, Aug 28, 2018 at 6:53 AM, Patrick Bellasi
<patrick.bellasi@arm.com> wrote:
> Utilization clamping requires to map each different clamp value
> into one of the available clamp groups used by the scheduler's fast-path
> to account for RUNNABLE tasks. Thus, each time a TG's clamp value
> sysfs attribute is updated via:
> cpu_util_{min,max}_write_u64()
> we need to get (if possible) a reference to the new value's clamp group
> and release the reference to the previous one.
>
> Let's ensure that, whenever a task group is assigned a specific
> clamp_value, this is properly translated into a unique clamp group to be
> used in the fast-path (i.e. at enqueue/dequeue time).
> We do that by slightly refactoring uclamp_group_get() to make the
> *task_struct parameter optional. This allows to re-use the code already
> available to support the per-task API.
>
> Signed-off-by: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> Cc: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>
> Cc: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>
> Cc: Todd Kjos <tkjos@google.com>
> Cc: Joel Fernandes <joelaf@google.com>
> Cc: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@redhat.com>
> Cc: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
> Cc: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@arm.com>
> Cc: Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@arm.com>
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
>
> ---
> Changes in v4:
> Others:
> - rebased on v4.19-rc1
>
> Changes in v3:
> Message-ID: <CAJuCfpF6=L=0LrmNnJrTNPazT4dWKqNv+thhN0dwpKCgUzs9sg@mail.gmail.com>
> - add explicit calls to uclamp_group_find(), which is now not more
> part of uclamp_group_get()
> Others:
> - rebased on tip/sched/core
> Changes in v2:
> - rebased on v4.18-rc4
> - this code has been split from a previous patch to simplify the review
> ---
> include/linux/sched.h | 11 +++--
> kernel/sched/core.c | 95 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> 2 files changed, 95 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
> index 2da130d17e70..4e5522ed57e0 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched.h
> @@ -587,17 +587,22 @@ struct sched_dl_entity {
> * The same "group_id" can be used by multiple scheduling entities, i.e.
> * either tasks or task groups, to enforce the same clamp "value" for a given
> * clamp index.
> + *
> + * Scheduling entity's specific clamp group index can be different
> + * from the effective clamp group index used at enqueue time since
> + * task groups's clamps can be restricted by their parent task group.
> */
> struct uclamp_se {
> unsigned int value;
> unsigned int group_id;
> /*
> - * Effective task (group) clamp value.
> - * For task groups is the value (eventually) enforced by a parent task
> - * group.
> + * Effective task (group) clamp value and group index.
> + * For task groups it's the value (eventually) enforced by a parent
> + * task group.
> */
> struct {
> unsigned int value;
> + unsigned int group_id;
> } effective;
> };
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index b2d438b6484b..e617a7b18f2d 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -1250,24 +1250,51 @@ static inline int alloc_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg,
> struct task_group *parent)
> {
> struct uclamp_se *uc_se;
> + int next_group_id;
> int clamp_id;
>
> for (clamp_id = 0; clamp_id < UCLAMP_CNT; ++clamp_id) {
> uc_se = &tg->uclamp[clamp_id];
> +
> uc_se->effective.value =
> parent->uclamp[clamp_id].effective.value;
> - uc_se->value = parent->uclamp[clamp_id].value;
> - uc_se->group_id = parent->uclamp[clamp_id].group_id;
> + uc_se->effective.group_id =
> + parent->uclamp[clamp_id].effective.group_id;
> +
> + next_group_id = parent->uclamp[clamp_id].group_id;
> + uc_se->group_id = UCLAMP_NOT_VALID;
> + uclamp_group_get(NULL, clamp_id, next_group_id, uc_se,
> + parent->uclamp[clamp_id].value);
> }
>
> return 1;
> }
> +
> +/**
> + * release_uclamp_sched_group: release utilization clamp references of a TG

free_uclamp_sched_group

> + * @tg: the task group being removed
> + *
> + * An empty task group can be removed only when it has no more tasks or child
> + * groups. This means that we can also safely release all the reference
> + * counting to clamp groups.
> + */
> +static inline void free_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg)
> +{
> + struct uclamp_se *uc_se;
> + int clamp_id;
> +
> + for (clamp_id = 0; clamp_id < UCLAMP_CNT; ++clamp_id) {
> + uc_se = &tg->uclamp[clamp_id];
> + uclamp_group_put(clamp_id, uc_se->group_id);
> + }
> +}
> #else /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP */
> static inline int alloc_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg,
> struct task_group *parent)
> {
> return 1;
> }
> +static inline void free_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg) { }
> #endif /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP */
>
> static inline int __setscheduler_uclamp(struct task_struct *p,
> @@ -1417,9 +1444,18 @@ static void __init init_uclamp(void)
> #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP
> /* Init root TG's clamp group */
> uc_se = &root_task_group.uclamp[clamp_id];
> +
> uc_se->effective.value = uclamp_none(clamp_id);
> - uc_se->value = uclamp_none(clamp_id);
> - uc_se->group_id = 0;
> + uc_se->effective.group_id = 0;
> +
> + /*
> + * The max utilization is always allowed for both clamps.
> + * This is required to not force a null minimum utiliation on
> + * all child groups.
> + */
> + uc_se->group_id = UCLAMP_NOT_VALID;
> + uclamp_group_get(NULL, clamp_id, 0, uc_se,
> + uclamp_none(UCLAMP_MAX));

I don't quite get why you are using uclamp_none(UCLAMP_MAX) for both
UCLAMP_MIN and UCLAMP_MAX clamps. I assume the comment above is to
explain this but I'm still unclear why this is done. Maybe expand the
comment to explain the intention? With this I think all TGs will get
boosted by default, won't they?

> #endif
> }
> }
> @@ -1427,6 +1463,7 @@ static void __init init_uclamp(void)
> #else /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */
> static inline void uclamp_cpu_get(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p) { }
> static inline void uclamp_cpu_put(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p) { }
> +static inline void free_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg) { }
> static inline int alloc_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg,
> struct task_group *parent)
> {
> @@ -6984,6 +7021,7 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(task_group_lock);
>
> static void sched_free_group(struct task_group *tg)
> {
> + free_uclamp_sched_group(tg);
> free_fair_sched_group(tg);
> free_rt_sched_group(tg);
> autogroup_free(tg);
> @@ -7234,6 +7272,7 @@ static void cpu_cgroup_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset)
> * @css: the task group to update
> * @clamp_id: the clamp index to update
> * @value: the new task group clamp value
> + * @group_id: the group index mapping the new task clamp value
> *
> * The effective clamp for a TG is expected to track the most restrictive
> * value between the TG's clamp value and it's parent effective clamp value.
> @@ -7252,9 +7291,12 @@ static void cpu_cgroup_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset)
> * be propagated down to all the descendants. When a subgroup is found which
> * has already its effective clamp value matching its clamp value, then we can
> * safely skip all its descendants which are granted to be already in sync.
> + *
> + * The TG's group_id is also updated to ensure it tracks the effective clamp
> + * value.
> */
> static void cpu_util_update_hier(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> - int clamp_id, int value)
> + int clamp_id, int value, int group_id)
> {
> struct cgroup_subsys_state *top_css = css;
> struct uclamp_se *uc_se, *uc_parent;
> @@ -7282,24 +7324,30 @@ static void cpu_util_update_hier(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> }
>
> /* Propagate the most restrictive effective value */
> - if (uc_parent->effective.value < value)
> + if (uc_parent->effective.value < value) {
> value = uc_parent->effective.value;
> + group_id = uc_parent->effective.group_id;
> + }
> if (uc_se->effective.value == value)
> continue;
>
> uc_se->effective.value = value;
> + uc_se->effective.group_id = group_id;
> }
> }
>
> static int cpu_util_min_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> struct cftype *cftype, u64 min_value)
> {
> + struct uclamp_se *uc_se;
> struct task_group *tg;
> int ret = -EINVAL;
> + int group_id;
>
> if (min_value > SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
> return -ERANGE;
>
> + mutex_lock(&uclamp_mutex);
> rcu_read_lock();
>
> tg = css_tg(css);
> @@ -7310,11 +7358,25 @@ static int cpu_util_min_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> if (tg->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX].value < min_value)
> goto out;
>
> + /* Find a valid group_id */
> + ret = uclamp_group_find(UCLAMP_MIN, min_value);
> + if (ret == -ENOSPC) {
> + pr_err(UCLAMP_ENOSPC_FMT, "MIN");
> + goto out;
> + }
> + group_id = ret;
> + ret = 0;
> +
> /* Update effective clamps to track the most restrictive value */
> - cpu_util_update_hier(css, UCLAMP_MIN, min_value);
> + cpu_util_update_hier(css, UCLAMP_MIN, min_value, group_id);
> +
> + /* Update TG's reference count */
> + uc_se = &tg->uclamp[UCLAMP_MIN];
> + uclamp_group_get(NULL, UCLAMP_MIN, group_id, uc_se, min_value);
>
> out:
> rcu_read_unlock();
> + mutex_unlock(&uclamp_mutex);
>
> return ret;
> }
> @@ -7322,12 +7384,15 @@ static int cpu_util_min_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> static int cpu_util_max_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> struct cftype *cftype, u64 max_value)
> {
> + struct uclamp_se *uc_se;
> struct task_group *tg;
> int ret = -EINVAL;
> + int group_id;
>
> if (max_value > SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
> return -ERANGE;
>
> + mutex_lock(&uclamp_mutex);
> rcu_read_lock();
>
> tg = css_tg(css);
> @@ -7338,11 +7403,25 @@ static int cpu_util_max_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> if (tg->uclamp[UCLAMP_MIN].value > max_value)
> goto out;
>
> + /* Find a valid group_id */
> + ret = uclamp_group_find(UCLAMP_MAX, max_value);
> + if (ret == -ENOSPC) {
> + pr_err(UCLAMP_ENOSPC_FMT, "MAX");
> + goto out;
> + }
> + group_id = ret;
> + ret = 0;
> +
> /* Update effective clamps to track the most restrictive value */
> - cpu_util_update_hier(css, UCLAMP_MAX, max_value);
> + cpu_util_update_hier(css, UCLAMP_MAX, max_value, group_id);
> +
> + /* Update TG's reference count */
> + uc_se = &tg->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX];
> + uclamp_group_get(NULL, UCLAMP_MAX, group_id, uc_se, max_value);
>
> out:
> rcu_read_unlock();
> + mutex_unlock(&uclamp_mutex);
>
> return ret;
> }
> --
> 2.18.0
>

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