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SubjectRe: [PATCH net-next v2 2/5] virtio_ring: support creating packed ring
On Wed, Jul 11, 2018 at 10:27:08AM +0800, Tiwei Bie wrote:
> This commit introduces the support for creating packed ring.
> All split ring specific functions are added _split suffix.
> Some necessary stubs for packed ring are also added.
>
> Signed-off-by: Tiwei Bie <tiwei.bie@intel.com>

I'd rather have a patch just renaming split functions, then
add all packed stuff in as a separate patch on top.


> ---
> drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c | 801 +++++++++++++++++++++++------------
> include/linux/virtio_ring.h | 8 +-
> 2 files changed, 546 insertions(+), 263 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
> index 814b395007b2..c4f8abc7445a 100644
> --- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
> +++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
> @@ -60,11 +60,15 @@ struct vring_desc_state {
> struct vring_desc *indir_desc; /* Indirect descriptor, if any. */
> };
>
> +struct vring_desc_state_packed {
> + int next; /* The next desc state. */

So this can go away with IN_ORDER?

> +};
> +
> struct vring_virtqueue {
> struct virtqueue vq;
>
> - /* Actual memory layout for this queue */
> - struct vring vring;
> + /* Is this a packed ring? */
> + bool packed;
>
> /* Can we use weak barriers? */
> bool weak_barriers;
> @@ -86,11 +90,39 @@ struct vring_virtqueue {
> /* Last used index we've seen. */
> u16 last_used_idx;
>
> - /* Last written value to avail->flags */
> - u16 avail_flags_shadow;
> + union {
> + /* Available for split ring */
> + struct {
> + /* Actual memory layout for this queue. */
> + struct vring vring;
>
> - /* Last written value to avail->idx in guest byte order */
> - u16 avail_idx_shadow;
> + /* Last written value to avail->flags */
> + u16 avail_flags_shadow;
> +
> + /* Last written value to avail->idx in
> + * guest byte order. */
> + u16 avail_idx_shadow;
> + };

Name this field split so it's easier to detect misuse of e.g.
packed fields in split code?

> +
> + /* Available for packed ring */
> + struct {
> + /* Actual memory layout for this queue. */
> + struct vring_packed vring_packed;
> +
> + /* Driver ring wrap counter. */
> + bool avail_wrap_counter;
> +
> + /* Device ring wrap counter. */
> + bool used_wrap_counter;
> +
> + /* Index of the next avail descriptor. */
> + u16 next_avail_idx;
> +
> + /* Last written value to driver->flags in
> + * guest byte order. */
> + u16 event_flags_shadow;
> + };
> + };
>
> /* How to notify other side. FIXME: commonalize hcalls! */
> bool (*notify)(struct virtqueue *vq);
> @@ -110,11 +142,24 @@ struct vring_virtqueue {
> #endif
>
> /* Per-descriptor state. */
> - struct vring_desc_state desc_state[];
> + union {
> + struct vring_desc_state desc_state[1];
> + struct vring_desc_state_packed desc_state_packed[1];
> + };
> };
>
> #define to_vvq(_vq) container_of(_vq, struct vring_virtqueue, vq)
>
> +static inline bool virtqueue_use_indirect(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> + unsigned int total_sg)
> +{
> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> +
> + /* If the host supports indirect descriptor tables, and we have multiple
> + * buffers, then go indirect. FIXME: tune this threshold */
> + return (vq->indirect && total_sg > 1 && vq->vq.num_free);
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Modern virtio devices have feature bits to specify whether they need a
> * quirk and bypass the IOMMU. If not there, just use the DMA API.
> @@ -200,8 +245,17 @@ static dma_addr_t vring_map_single(const struct vring_virtqueue *vq,
> cpu_addr, size, direction);
> }
>
> -static void vring_unmap_one(const struct vring_virtqueue *vq,
> - struct vring_desc *desc)
> +static int vring_mapping_error(const struct vring_virtqueue *vq,
> + dma_addr_t addr)
> +{
> + if (!vring_use_dma_api(vq->vq.vdev))
> + return 0;
> +
> + return dma_mapping_error(vring_dma_dev(vq), addr);
> +}
> +
> +static void vring_unmap_one_split(const struct vring_virtqueue *vq,
> + struct vring_desc *desc)
> {
> u16 flags;
>
> @@ -225,17 +279,9 @@ static void vring_unmap_one(const struct vring_virtqueue *vq,
> }
> }
>
> -static int vring_mapping_error(const struct vring_virtqueue *vq,
> - dma_addr_t addr)
> -{
> - if (!vring_use_dma_api(vq->vq.vdev))
> - return 0;
> -
> - return dma_mapping_error(vring_dma_dev(vq), addr);
> -}
> -
> -static struct vring_desc *alloc_indirect(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> - unsigned int total_sg, gfp_t gfp)
> +static struct vring_desc *alloc_indirect_split(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> + unsigned int total_sg,
> + gfp_t gfp)
> {
> struct vring_desc *desc;
> unsigned int i;
> @@ -256,14 +302,14 @@ static struct vring_desc *alloc_indirect(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> return desc;
> }
>
> -static inline int virtqueue_add(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> - struct scatterlist *sgs[],
> - unsigned int total_sg,
> - unsigned int out_sgs,
> - unsigned int in_sgs,
> - void *data,
> - void *ctx,
> - gfp_t gfp)
> +static inline int virtqueue_add_split(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> + struct scatterlist *sgs[],
> + unsigned int total_sg,
> + unsigned int out_sgs,
> + unsigned int in_sgs,
> + void *data,
> + void *ctx,
> + gfp_t gfp)
> {
> struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> struct scatterlist *sg;
> @@ -299,10 +345,8 @@ static inline int virtqueue_add(struct virtqueue *_vq,
>
> head = vq->free_head;
>
> - /* If the host supports indirect descriptor tables, and we have multiple
> - * buffers, then go indirect. FIXME: tune this threshold */
> - if (vq->indirect && total_sg > 1 && vq->vq.num_free)
> - desc = alloc_indirect(_vq, total_sg, gfp);
> + if (virtqueue_use_indirect(_vq, total_sg))
> + desc = alloc_indirect_split(_vq, total_sg, gfp);
> else {
> desc = NULL;
> WARN_ON_ONCE(total_sg > vq->vring.num && !vq->indirect);
> @@ -423,7 +467,7 @@ static inline int virtqueue_add(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> for (n = 0; n < total_sg; n++) {
> if (i == err_idx)
> break;
> - vring_unmap_one(vq, &desc[i]);
> + vring_unmap_one_split(vq, &desc[i]);
> i = virtio16_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vq->vring.desc[i].next);
> }
>
> @@ -434,6 +478,355 @@ static inline int virtqueue_add(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> return -EIO;
> }
>
> +static bool virtqueue_kick_prepare_split(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> + u16 new, old;
> + bool needs_kick;
> +
> + START_USE(vq);
> + /* We need to expose available array entries before checking avail
> + * event. */
> + virtio_mb(vq->weak_barriers);
> +
> + old = vq->avail_idx_shadow - vq->num_added;
> + new = vq->avail_idx_shadow;
> + vq->num_added = 0;
> +
> +#ifdef DEBUG
> + if (vq->last_add_time_valid) {
> + WARN_ON(ktime_to_ms(ktime_sub(ktime_get(),
> + vq->last_add_time)) > 100);
> + }
> + vq->last_add_time_valid = false;
> +#endif
> +
> + if (vq->event) {
> + needs_kick = vring_need_event(virtio16_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vring_avail_event(&vq->vring)),
> + new, old);
> + } else {
> + needs_kick = !(vq->vring.used->flags & cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY));
> + }
> + END_USE(vq);
> + return needs_kick;
> +}
> +
> +static void detach_buf_split(struct vring_virtqueue *vq, unsigned int head,
> + void **ctx)
> +{
> + unsigned int i, j;
> + __virtio16 nextflag = cpu_to_virtio16(vq->vq.vdev, VRING_DESC_F_NEXT);
> +
> + /* Clear data ptr. */
> + vq->desc_state[head].data = NULL;
> +
> + /* Put back on free list: unmap first-level descriptors and find end */
> + i = head;
> +
> + while (vq->vring.desc[i].flags & nextflag) {
> + vring_unmap_one_split(vq, &vq->vring.desc[i]);
> + i = virtio16_to_cpu(vq->vq.vdev, vq->vring.desc[i].next);
> + vq->vq.num_free++;
> + }
> +
> + vring_unmap_one_split(vq, &vq->vring.desc[i]);
> + vq->vring.desc[i].next = cpu_to_virtio16(vq->vq.vdev, vq->free_head);
> + vq->free_head = head;
> +
> + /* Plus final descriptor */
> + vq->vq.num_free++;
> +
> + if (vq->indirect) {
> + struct vring_desc *indir_desc = vq->desc_state[head].indir_desc;
> + u32 len;
> +
> + /* Free the indirect table, if any, now that it's unmapped. */
> + if (!indir_desc)
> + return;
> +
> + len = virtio32_to_cpu(vq->vq.vdev, vq->vring.desc[head].len);
> +
> + BUG_ON(!(vq->vring.desc[head].flags &
> + cpu_to_virtio16(vq->vq.vdev, VRING_DESC_F_INDIRECT)));
> + BUG_ON(len == 0 || len % sizeof(struct vring_desc));
> +
> + for (j = 0; j < len / sizeof(struct vring_desc); j++)
> + vring_unmap_one_split(vq, &indir_desc[j]);
> +
> + kfree(indir_desc);
> + vq->desc_state[head].indir_desc = NULL;
> + } else if (ctx) {
> + *ctx = vq->desc_state[head].indir_desc;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static inline bool more_used_split(const struct vring_virtqueue *vq)
> +{
> + return vq->last_used_idx != virtio16_to_cpu(vq->vq.vdev, vq->vring.used->idx);
> +}
> +
> +static void *virtqueue_get_buf_ctx_split(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> + unsigned int *len,
> + void **ctx)
> +{
> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> + void *ret;
> + unsigned int i;
> + u16 last_used;
> +
> + START_USE(vq);
> +
> + if (unlikely(vq->broken)) {
> + END_USE(vq);
> + return NULL;
> + }
> +
> + if (!more_used_split(vq)) {
> + pr_debug("No more buffers in queue\n");
> + END_USE(vq);
> + return NULL;
> + }
> +
> + /* Only get used array entries after they have been exposed by host. */
> + virtio_rmb(vq->weak_barriers);
> +
> + last_used = (vq->last_used_idx & (vq->vring.num - 1));
> + i = virtio32_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vq->vring.used->ring[last_used].id);
> + *len = virtio32_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vq->vring.used->ring[last_used].len);
> +
> + if (unlikely(i >= vq->vring.num)) {
> + BAD_RING(vq, "id %u out of range\n", i);
> + return NULL;
> + }
> + if (unlikely(!vq->desc_state[i].data)) {
> + BAD_RING(vq, "id %u is not a head!\n", i);
> + return NULL;
> + }
> +
> + /* detach_buf_split clears data, so grab it now. */
> + ret = vq->desc_state[i].data;
> + detach_buf_split(vq, i, ctx);
> + vq->last_used_idx++;
> + /* If we expect an interrupt for the next entry, tell host
> + * by writing event index and flush out the write before
> + * the read in the next get_buf call. */
> + if (!(vq->avail_flags_shadow & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT))
> + virtio_store_mb(vq->weak_barriers,
> + &vring_used_event(&vq->vring),
> + cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->last_used_idx));
> +
> +#ifdef DEBUG
> + vq->last_add_time_valid = false;
> +#endif
> +
> + END_USE(vq);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void virtqueue_disable_cb_split(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> +
> + if (!(vq->avail_flags_shadow & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT)) {
> + vq->avail_flags_shadow |= VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT;
> + if (!vq->event)
> + vq->vring.avail->flags = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->avail_flags_shadow);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare_split(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> + u16 last_used_idx;
> +
> + START_USE(vq);
> +
> + /* We optimistically turn back on interrupts, then check if there was
> + * more to do. */
> + /* Depending on the VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX feature, we need to
> + * either clear the flags bit or point the event index at the next
> + * entry. Always do both to keep code simple. */
> + if (vq->avail_flags_shadow & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT) {
> + vq->avail_flags_shadow &= ~VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT;
> + if (!vq->event)
> + vq->vring.avail->flags = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->avail_flags_shadow);
> + }
> + vring_used_event(&vq->vring) = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, last_used_idx = vq->last_used_idx);
> + END_USE(vq);
> + return last_used_idx;
> +}
> +
> +static bool virtqueue_poll_split(struct virtqueue *_vq, unsigned last_used_idx)
> +{
> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> +
> + virtio_mb(vq->weak_barriers);
> + return (u16)last_used_idx != virtio16_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vq->vring.used->idx);
> +}
> +
> +static bool virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed_split(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> + u16 bufs;
> +
> + START_USE(vq);
> +
> + /* We optimistically turn back on interrupts, then check if there was
> + * more to do. */
> + /* Depending on the VIRTIO_RING_F_USED_EVENT_IDX feature, we need to
> + * either clear the flags bit or point the event index at the next
> + * entry. Always update the event index to keep code simple. */
> + if (vq->avail_flags_shadow & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT) {
> + vq->avail_flags_shadow &= ~VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT;
> + if (!vq->event)
> + vq->vring.avail->flags = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->avail_flags_shadow);
> + }
> + /* TODO: tune this threshold */
> + bufs = (u16)(vq->avail_idx_shadow - vq->last_used_idx) * 3 / 4;
> +
> + virtio_store_mb(vq->weak_barriers,
> + &vring_used_event(&vq->vring),
> + cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->last_used_idx + bufs));
> +
> + if (unlikely((u16)(virtio16_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vq->vring.used->idx) - vq->last_used_idx) > bufs)) {
> + END_USE(vq);
> + return false;
> + }
> +
> + END_USE(vq);
> + return true;
> +}
> +
> +static void *virtqueue_detach_unused_buf_split(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> + unsigned int i;
> + void *buf;
> +
> + START_USE(vq);
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < vq->vring.num; i++) {
> + if (!vq->desc_state[i].data)
> + continue;
> + /* detach_buf clears data, so grab it now. */
> + buf = vq->desc_state[i].data;
> + detach_buf_split(vq, i, NULL);
> + vq->avail_idx_shadow--;
> + vq->vring.avail->idx = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->avail_idx_shadow);
> + END_USE(vq);
> + return buf;
> + }
> + /* That should have freed everything. */
> + BUG_ON(vq->vq.num_free != vq->vring.num);
> +
> + END_USE(vq);
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * The layout for the packed ring is a continuous chunk of memory
> + * which looks like this.
> + *
> + * struct vring_packed {
> + * // The actual descriptors (16 bytes each)
> + * struct vring_packed_desc desc[num];
> + *
> + * // Padding to the next align boundary.
> + * char pad[];
> + *
> + * // Driver Event Suppression
> + * struct vring_packed_desc_event driver;
> + *
> + * // Device Event Suppression
> + * struct vring_packed_desc_event device;
> + * };
> + */

Why not just allocate event structures separately?
Is it a win to have them share a cache line for some reason?

> +static inline void vring_init_packed(struct vring_packed *vr, unsigned int num,
> + void *p, unsigned long align)
> +{
> + vr->num = num;
> + vr->desc = p;
> + vr->driver = (void *)ALIGN(((uintptr_t)p +
> + sizeof(struct vring_packed_desc) * num), align);
> + vr->device = vr->driver + 1;
> +}

What's all this about alignment? Where does it come from?

> +
> +static inline unsigned vring_size_packed(unsigned int num, unsigned long align)
> +{
> + return ((sizeof(struct vring_packed_desc) * num + align - 1)
> + & ~(align - 1)) + sizeof(struct vring_packed_desc_event) * 2;
> +}
> +
> +static inline int virtqueue_add_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> + struct scatterlist *sgs[],
> + unsigned int total_sg,
> + unsigned int out_sgs,
> + unsigned int in_sgs,
> + void *data,
> + void *ctx,
> + gfp_t gfp)
> +{
> + return -EIO;
> +}
> +
> +static bool virtqueue_kick_prepare_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +static inline bool more_used_packed(const struct vring_virtqueue *vq)
> +{
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +static void *virtqueue_get_buf_ctx_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> + unsigned int *len,
> + void **ctx)
> +{
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static void virtqueue_disable_cb_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static bool virtqueue_poll_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq, unsigned last_used_idx)
> +{
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +static bool virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +static void *virtqueue_detach_unused_buf_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static inline int virtqueue_add(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> + struct scatterlist *sgs[],
> + unsigned int total_sg,
> + unsigned int out_sgs,
> + unsigned int in_sgs,
> + void *data,
> + void *ctx,
> + gfp_t gfp)
> +{
> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> +
> + return vq->packed ? virtqueue_add_packed(_vq, sgs, total_sg, out_sgs,
> + in_sgs, data, ctx, gfp) :
> + virtqueue_add_split(_vq, sgs, total_sg, out_sgs,
> + in_sgs, data, ctx, gfp);
> +}
> +
> /**
> * virtqueue_add_sgs - expose buffers to other end
> * @vq: the struct virtqueue we're talking about.
> @@ -550,34 +943,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_add_inbuf_ctx);
> bool virtqueue_kick_prepare(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> {
> struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> - u16 new, old;
> - bool needs_kick;
>
> - START_USE(vq);
> - /* We need to expose available array entries before checking avail
> - * event. */
> - virtio_mb(vq->weak_barriers);
> -
> - old = vq->avail_idx_shadow - vq->num_added;
> - new = vq->avail_idx_shadow;
> - vq->num_added = 0;
> -
> -#ifdef DEBUG
> - if (vq->last_add_time_valid) {
> - WARN_ON(ktime_to_ms(ktime_sub(ktime_get(),
> - vq->last_add_time)) > 100);
> - }
> - vq->last_add_time_valid = false;
> -#endif
> -
> - if (vq->event) {
> - needs_kick = vring_need_event(virtio16_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vring_avail_event(&vq->vring)),
> - new, old);
> - } else {
> - needs_kick = !(vq->vring.used->flags & cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY));
> - }
> - END_USE(vq);
> - return needs_kick;
> + return vq->packed ? virtqueue_kick_prepare_packed(_vq) :
> + virtqueue_kick_prepare_split(_vq);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_kick_prepare);
>
> @@ -625,58 +993,9 @@ bool virtqueue_kick(struct virtqueue *vq)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_kick);
>
> -static void detach_buf(struct vring_virtqueue *vq, unsigned int head,
> - void **ctx)
> -{
> - unsigned int i, j;
> - __virtio16 nextflag = cpu_to_virtio16(vq->vq.vdev, VRING_DESC_F_NEXT);
> -
> - /* Clear data ptr. */
> - vq->desc_state[head].data = NULL;
> -
> - /* Put back on free list: unmap first-level descriptors and find end */
> - i = head;
> -
> - while (vq->vring.desc[i].flags & nextflag) {
> - vring_unmap_one(vq, &vq->vring.desc[i]);
> - i = virtio16_to_cpu(vq->vq.vdev, vq->vring.desc[i].next);
> - vq->vq.num_free++;
> - }
> -
> - vring_unmap_one(vq, &vq->vring.desc[i]);
> - vq->vring.desc[i].next = cpu_to_virtio16(vq->vq.vdev, vq->free_head);
> - vq->free_head = head;
> -
> - /* Plus final descriptor */
> - vq->vq.num_free++;
> -
> - if (vq->indirect) {
> - struct vring_desc *indir_desc = vq->desc_state[head].indir_desc;
> - u32 len;
> -
> - /* Free the indirect table, if any, now that it's unmapped. */
> - if (!indir_desc)
> - return;
> -
> - len = virtio32_to_cpu(vq->vq.vdev, vq->vring.desc[head].len);
> -
> - BUG_ON(!(vq->vring.desc[head].flags &
> - cpu_to_virtio16(vq->vq.vdev, VRING_DESC_F_INDIRECT)));
> - BUG_ON(len == 0 || len % sizeof(struct vring_desc));
> -
> - for (j = 0; j < len / sizeof(struct vring_desc); j++)
> - vring_unmap_one(vq, &indir_desc[j]);
> -
> - kfree(indir_desc);
> - vq->desc_state[head].indir_desc = NULL;
> - } else if (ctx) {
> - *ctx = vq->desc_state[head].indir_desc;
> - }
> -}
> -
> static inline bool more_used(const struct vring_virtqueue *vq)
> {
> - return vq->last_used_idx != virtio16_to_cpu(vq->vq.vdev, vq->vring.used->idx);
> + return vq->packed ? more_used_packed(vq) : more_used_split(vq);
> }
>
> /**
> @@ -699,57 +1018,9 @@ void *virtqueue_get_buf_ctx(struct virtqueue *_vq, unsigned int *len,
> void **ctx)
> {
> struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> - void *ret;
> - unsigned int i;
> - u16 last_used;
>
> - START_USE(vq);
> -
> - if (unlikely(vq->broken)) {
> - END_USE(vq);
> - return NULL;
> - }
> -
> - if (!more_used(vq)) {
> - pr_debug("No more buffers in queue\n");
> - END_USE(vq);
> - return NULL;
> - }
> -
> - /* Only get used array entries after they have been exposed by host. */
> - virtio_rmb(vq->weak_barriers);
> -
> - last_used = (vq->last_used_idx & (vq->vring.num - 1));
> - i = virtio32_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vq->vring.used->ring[last_used].id);
> - *len = virtio32_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vq->vring.used->ring[last_used].len);
> -
> - if (unlikely(i >= vq->vring.num)) {
> - BAD_RING(vq, "id %u out of range\n", i);
> - return NULL;
> - }
> - if (unlikely(!vq->desc_state[i].data)) {
> - BAD_RING(vq, "id %u is not a head!\n", i);
> - return NULL;
> - }
> -
> - /* detach_buf clears data, so grab it now. */
> - ret = vq->desc_state[i].data;
> - detach_buf(vq, i, ctx);
> - vq->last_used_idx++;
> - /* If we expect an interrupt for the next entry, tell host
> - * by writing event index and flush out the write before
> - * the read in the next get_buf call. */
> - if (!(vq->avail_flags_shadow & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT))
> - virtio_store_mb(vq->weak_barriers,
> - &vring_used_event(&vq->vring),
> - cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->last_used_idx));
> -
> -#ifdef DEBUG
> - vq->last_add_time_valid = false;
> -#endif
> -
> - END_USE(vq);
> - return ret;
> + return vq->packed ? virtqueue_get_buf_ctx_packed(_vq, len, ctx) :
> + virtqueue_get_buf_ctx_split(_vq, len, ctx);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_get_buf_ctx);
>
> @@ -771,12 +1042,10 @@ void virtqueue_disable_cb(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> {
> struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
>
> - if (!(vq->avail_flags_shadow & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT)) {
> - vq->avail_flags_shadow |= VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT;
> - if (!vq->event)
> - vq->vring.avail->flags = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->avail_flags_shadow);
> - }
> -
> + if (vq->packed)
> + virtqueue_disable_cb_packed(_vq);
> + else
> + virtqueue_disable_cb_split(_vq);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_disable_cb);
>
> @@ -795,23 +1064,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_disable_cb);
> unsigned virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> {
> struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> - u16 last_used_idx;
>
> - START_USE(vq);
> -
> - /* We optimistically turn back on interrupts, then check if there was
> - * more to do. */
> - /* Depending on the VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX feature, we need to
> - * either clear the flags bit or point the event index at the next
> - * entry. Always do both to keep code simple. */
> - if (vq->avail_flags_shadow & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT) {
> - vq->avail_flags_shadow &= ~VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT;
> - if (!vq->event)
> - vq->vring.avail->flags = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->avail_flags_shadow);
> - }
> - vring_used_event(&vq->vring) = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, last_used_idx = vq->last_used_idx);
> - END_USE(vq);
> - return last_used_idx;
> + return vq->packed ? virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare_packed(_vq) :
> + virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare_split(_vq);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare);
>
> @@ -828,8 +1083,8 @@ bool virtqueue_poll(struct virtqueue *_vq, unsigned last_used_idx)
> {
> struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
>
> - virtio_mb(vq->weak_barriers);
> - return (u16)last_used_idx != virtio16_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vq->vring.used->idx);
> + return vq->packed ? virtqueue_poll_packed(_vq, last_used_idx) :
> + virtqueue_poll_split(_vq, last_used_idx);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_poll);
>
> @@ -867,34 +1122,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_enable_cb);
> bool virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> {
> struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> - u16 bufs;
>
> - START_USE(vq);
> -
> - /* We optimistically turn back on interrupts, then check if there was
> - * more to do. */
> - /* Depending on the VIRTIO_RING_F_USED_EVENT_IDX feature, we need to
> - * either clear the flags bit or point the event index at the next
> - * entry. Always update the event index to keep code simple. */
> - if (vq->avail_flags_shadow & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT) {
> - vq->avail_flags_shadow &= ~VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT;
> - if (!vq->event)
> - vq->vring.avail->flags = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->avail_flags_shadow);
> - }
> - /* TODO: tune this threshold */
> - bufs = (u16)(vq->avail_idx_shadow - vq->last_used_idx) * 3 / 4;
> -
> - virtio_store_mb(vq->weak_barriers,
> - &vring_used_event(&vq->vring),
> - cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->last_used_idx + bufs));
> -
> - if (unlikely((u16)(virtio16_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vq->vring.used->idx) - vq->last_used_idx) > bufs)) {
> - END_USE(vq);
> - return false;
> - }
> -
> - END_USE(vq);
> - return true;
> + return vq->packed ? virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed_packed(_vq) :
> + virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed_split(_vq);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed);
>
> @@ -909,27 +1139,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed);
> void *virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> {
> struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> - unsigned int i;
> - void *buf;
>
> - START_USE(vq);
> -
> - for (i = 0; i < vq->vring.num; i++) {
> - if (!vq->desc_state[i].data)
> - continue;
> - /* detach_buf clears data, so grab it now. */
> - buf = vq->desc_state[i].data;
> - detach_buf(vq, i, NULL);
> - vq->avail_idx_shadow--;
> - vq->vring.avail->idx = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, vq->avail_idx_shadow);
> - END_USE(vq);
> - return buf;
> - }
> - /* That should have freed everything. */
> - BUG_ON(vq->vq.num_free != vq->vring.num);
> -
> - END_USE(vq);
> - return NULL;
> + return vq->packed ? virtqueue_detach_unused_buf_packed(_vq) :
> + virtqueue_detach_unused_buf_split(_vq);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_detach_unused_buf);
>
> @@ -954,7 +1166,8 @@ irqreturn_t vring_interrupt(int irq, void *_vq)
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vring_interrupt);
>
> struct virtqueue *__vring_new_virtqueue(unsigned int index,
> - struct vring vring,
> + union vring_union vring,
> + bool packed,
> struct virtio_device *vdev,
> bool weak_barriers,
> bool context,
> @@ -962,19 +1175,22 @@ struct virtqueue *__vring_new_virtqueue(unsigned int index,
> void (*callback)(struct virtqueue *),
> const char *name)
> {
> - unsigned int i;
> struct vring_virtqueue *vq;
> + unsigned int num, i;
> + size_t size;
>
> - vq = kmalloc(sizeof(*vq) + vring.num * sizeof(struct vring_desc_state),
> - GFP_KERNEL);
> + num = packed ? vring.vring_packed.num : vring.vring_split.num;
> + size = packed ? num * sizeof(struct vring_desc_state_packed) :
> + num * sizeof(struct vring_desc_state);
> +
> + vq = kmalloc(sizeof(*vq) + size, GFP_KERNEL);
> if (!vq)
> return NULL;
>
> - vq->vring = vring;
> vq->vq.callback = callback;
> vq->vq.vdev = vdev;
> vq->vq.name = name;
> - vq->vq.num_free = vring.num;
> + vq->vq.num_free = num;
> vq->vq.index = index;
> vq->we_own_ring = false;
> vq->queue_dma_addr = 0;
> @@ -983,9 +1199,8 @@ struct virtqueue *__vring_new_virtqueue(unsigned int index,
> vq->weak_barriers = weak_barriers;
> vq->broken = false;
> vq->last_used_idx = 0;
> - vq->avail_flags_shadow = 0;
> - vq->avail_idx_shadow = 0;
> vq->num_added = 0;
> + vq->packed = packed;
> list_add_tail(&vq->vq.list, &vdev->vqs);
> #ifdef DEBUG
> vq->in_use = false;
> @@ -996,19 +1211,48 @@ struct virtqueue *__vring_new_virtqueue(unsigned int index,
> !context;
> vq->event = virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX);
>
> + if (vq->packed) {
> + vq->vring_packed = vring.vring_packed;
> + vq->next_avail_idx = 0;
> + vq->avail_wrap_counter = 1;
> + vq->used_wrap_counter = 1;
> + vq->event_flags_shadow = 0;
> +
> + memset(vq->desc_state_packed, 0,
> + num * sizeof(struct vring_desc_state_packed));
> +
> + /* Put everything in free lists. */
> + vq->free_head = 0;
> + for (i = 0; i < num-1; i++)
> + vq->desc_state_packed[i].next = i + 1;
> + } else {
> + vq->vring = vring.vring_split;
> + vq->avail_flags_shadow = 0;
> + vq->avail_idx_shadow = 0;
> +
> + /* Put everything in free lists. */
> + vq->free_head = 0;
> + for (i = 0; i < num-1; i++)
> + vq->vring.desc[i].next = cpu_to_virtio16(vdev, i + 1);
> +
> + memset(vq->desc_state, 0,
> + num * sizeof(struct vring_desc_state));
> + }
> +
> /* No callback? Tell other side not to bother us. */
> if (!callback) {
> - vq->avail_flags_shadow |= VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT;
> - if (!vq->event)
> - vq->vring.avail->flags = cpu_to_virtio16(vdev, vq->avail_flags_shadow);
> + if (packed) {
> + vq->event_flags_shadow = VRING_EVENT_F_DISABLE;
> + vq->vring_packed.driver->flags = cpu_to_virtio16(vdev,
> + vq->event_flags_shadow);
> + } else {
> + vq->avail_flags_shadow |= VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT;
> + if (!vq->event)
> + vq->vring.avail->flags = cpu_to_virtio16(vdev,
> + vq->avail_flags_shadow);
> + }
> }
>
> - /* Put everything in free lists. */
> - vq->free_head = 0;
> - for (i = 0; i < vring.num-1; i++)
> - vq->vring.desc[i].next = cpu_to_virtio16(vdev, i + 1);
> - memset(vq->desc_state, 0, vring.num * sizeof(struct vring_desc_state));
> -
> return &vq->vq;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__vring_new_virtqueue);
> @@ -1055,6 +1299,12 @@ static void vring_free_queue(struct virtio_device *vdev, size_t size,
> }
> }
>
> +static inline int
> +__vring_size(unsigned int num, unsigned long align, bool packed)
> +{
> + return packed ? vring_size_packed(num, align) : vring_size(num, align);
> +}
> +
> struct virtqueue *vring_create_virtqueue(
> unsigned int index,
> unsigned int num,
> @@ -1071,7 +1321,8 @@ struct virtqueue *vring_create_virtqueue(
> void *queue = NULL;
> dma_addr_t dma_addr;
> size_t queue_size_in_bytes;
> - struct vring vring;
> + union vring_union vring;
> + bool packed;
>
> /* We assume num is a power of 2. */
> if (num & (num - 1)) {
> @@ -1079,9 +1330,13 @@ struct virtqueue *vring_create_virtqueue(
> return NULL;
> }
>
> + packed = virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_F_RING_PACKED);
> +
> /* TODO: allocate each queue chunk individually */
> - for (; num && vring_size(num, vring_align) > PAGE_SIZE; num /= 2) {
> - queue = vring_alloc_queue(vdev, vring_size(num, vring_align),
> + for (; num && __vring_size(num, vring_align, packed) > PAGE_SIZE;
> + num /= 2) {
> + queue = vring_alloc_queue(vdev, __vring_size(num, vring_align,
> + packed),
> &dma_addr,
> GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_ZERO);
> if (queue)
> @@ -1093,17 +1348,21 @@ struct virtqueue *vring_create_virtqueue(
>
> if (!queue) {
> /* Try to get a single page. You are my only hope! */
> - queue = vring_alloc_queue(vdev, vring_size(num, vring_align),
> + queue = vring_alloc_queue(vdev, __vring_size(num, vring_align,
> + packed),
> &dma_addr, GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_ZERO);
> }
> if (!queue)
> return NULL;
>
> - queue_size_in_bytes = vring_size(num, vring_align);
> - vring_init(&vring, num, queue, vring_align);
> + queue_size_in_bytes = __vring_size(num, vring_align, packed);
> + if (packed)
> + vring_init_packed(&vring.vring_packed, num, queue, vring_align);
> + else
> + vring_init(&vring.vring_split, num, queue, vring_align);
>
> - vq = __vring_new_virtqueue(index, vring, vdev, weak_barriers, context,
> - notify, callback, name);
> + vq = __vring_new_virtqueue(index, vring, packed, vdev, weak_barriers,
> + context, notify, callback, name);
> if (!vq) {
> vring_free_queue(vdev, queue_size_in_bytes, queue,
> dma_addr);
> @@ -1129,10 +1388,17 @@ struct virtqueue *vring_new_virtqueue(unsigned int index,
> void (*callback)(struct virtqueue *vq),
> const char *name)
> {
> - struct vring vring;
> - vring_init(&vring, num, pages, vring_align);
> - return __vring_new_virtqueue(index, vring, vdev, weak_barriers, context,
> - notify, callback, name);
> + union vring_union vring;
> + bool packed;
> +
> + packed = virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_F_RING_PACKED);
> + if (packed)
> + vring_init_packed(&vring.vring_packed, num, pages, vring_align);
> + else
> + vring_init(&vring.vring_split, num, pages, vring_align);


vring_init in the UAPI header is more or less a bug.
I'd just stop using it, keep it around for legacy userspace.

> +
> + return __vring_new_virtqueue(index, vring, packed, vdev, weak_barriers,
> + context, notify, callback, name);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vring_new_virtqueue);
>
> @@ -1142,7 +1408,9 @@ void vring_del_virtqueue(struct virtqueue *_vq)
>
> if (vq->we_own_ring) {
> vring_free_queue(vq->vq.vdev, vq->queue_size_in_bytes,
> - vq->vring.desc, vq->queue_dma_addr);
> + vq->packed ? (void *)vq->vring_packed.desc :
> + (void *)vq->vring.desc,
> + vq->queue_dma_addr);
> }
> list_del(&_vq->list);
> kfree(vq);
> @@ -1184,7 +1452,7 @@ unsigned int virtqueue_get_vring_size(struct virtqueue *_vq)
>
> struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
>
> - return vq->vring.num;
> + return vq->packed ? vq->vring_packed.num : vq->vring.num;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_get_vring_size);
>
> @@ -1227,6 +1495,10 @@ dma_addr_t virtqueue_get_avail_addr(struct virtqueue *_vq)
>
> BUG_ON(!vq->we_own_ring);
>
> + if (vq->packed)
> + return vq->queue_dma_addr + ((char *)vq->vring_packed.driver -
> + (char *)vq->vring_packed.desc);
> +
> return vq->queue_dma_addr +
> ((char *)vq->vring.avail - (char *)vq->vring.desc);
> }
> @@ -1238,11 +1510,16 @@ dma_addr_t virtqueue_get_used_addr(struct virtqueue *_vq)
>
> BUG_ON(!vq->we_own_ring);
>
> + if (vq->packed)
> + return vq->queue_dma_addr + ((char *)vq->vring_packed.device -
> + (char *)vq->vring_packed.desc);
> +
> return vq->queue_dma_addr +
> ((char *)vq->vring.used - (char *)vq->vring.desc);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_get_used_addr);
>
> +/* Only available for split ring */
> const struct vring *virtqueue_get_vring(struct virtqueue *vq)
> {
> return &to_vvq(vq)->vring;
> diff --git a/include/linux/virtio_ring.h b/include/linux/virtio_ring.h
> index fab02133a919..992142b35f55 100644
> --- a/include/linux/virtio_ring.h
> +++ b/include/linux/virtio_ring.h
> @@ -60,6 +60,11 @@ static inline void virtio_store_mb(bool weak_barriers,
> struct virtio_device;
> struct virtqueue;
>
> +union vring_union {
> + struct vring vring_split;
> + struct vring_packed vring_packed;
> +};
> +
> /*
> * Creates a virtqueue and allocates the descriptor ring. If
> * may_reduce_num is set, then this may allocate a smaller ring than
> @@ -79,7 +84,8 @@ struct virtqueue *vring_create_virtqueue(unsigned int index,
>
> /* Creates a virtqueue with a custom layout. */
> struct virtqueue *__vring_new_virtqueue(unsigned int index,
> - struct vring vring,
> + union vring_union vring,
> + bool packed,
> struct virtio_device *vdev,
> bool weak_barriers,
> bool ctx,
> --
> 2.18.0

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