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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm: hugepage: mark splitted page dirty when needed
On Thu, Sep 06, 2018 at 07:39:33PM +0800, Peter Xu wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 05, 2018 at 03:55:22PM +0300, Kirill A. Shutemov wrote:
> > On Wed, Sep 05, 2018 at 03:30:37PM +0800, Peter Xu wrote:
> > > On Tue, Sep 04, 2018 at 10:00:28AM -0400, Zi Yan wrote:
> > > > On 4 Sep 2018, at 4:01, Kirill A. Shutemov wrote:
> > > >
> > > > > On Tue, Sep 04, 2018 at 03:55:10PM +0800, Peter Xu wrote:
> > > > >> When splitting a huge page, we should set all small pages as dirty if
> > > > >> the original huge page has the dirty bit set before. Otherwise we'll
> > > > >> lose the original dirty bit.
> > > > >
> > > > > We don't lose it. It got transfered to struct page flag:
> > > > >
> > > > > if (pmd_dirty(old_pmd))
> > > > > SetPageDirty(page);
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > Plus, when split_huge_page_to_list() splits a THP, its subroutine __split_huge_page()
> > > > propagates the dirty bit in the head page flag to all subpages in __split_huge_page_tail().
> > >
> > > Hi, Kirill, Zi,
> > >
> > > Thanks for your responses!
> > >
> > > Though in my test the huge page seems to be splitted not by
> > > split_huge_page_to_list() but by explicit calls to
> > > change_protection(). The stack looks like this (again, this is a
> > > customized kernel, and I added an explicit dump_stack() there):
> > >
> > > kernel: dump_stack+0x5c/0x7b
> > > kernel: __split_huge_pmd+0x192/0xdc0
> > > kernel: ? update_load_avg+0x8b/0x550
> > > kernel: ? update_load_avg+0x8b/0x550
> > > kernel: ? account_entity_enqueue+0xc5/0xf0
> > > kernel: ? enqueue_entity+0x112/0x650
> > > kernel: change_protection+0x3a2/0xab0
> > > kernel: mwriteprotect_range+0xdd/0x110
> > > kernel: userfaultfd_ioctl+0x50b/0x1210
> > > kernel: ? do_futex+0x2cf/0xb20
> > > kernel: ? tty_write+0x1d2/0x2f0
> > > kernel: ? do_vfs_ioctl+0x9f/0x610
> > > kernel: do_vfs_ioctl+0x9f/0x610
> > > kernel: ? __x64_sys_futex+0x88/0x180
> > > kernel: ksys_ioctl+0x70/0x80
> > > kernel: __x64_sys_ioctl+0x16/0x20
> > > kernel: do_syscall_64+0x55/0x150
> > > kernel: entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> > >
> > > At the very time the userspace is sending an UFFDIO_WRITEPROTECT ioctl
> > > to kernel space, which is handled by mwriteprotect_range(). In case
> > > you'd like to refer to the kernel, it's basically this one from
> > > Andrea's (with very trivial changes):
> > >
> > > https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/andrea/aa.git userfault
> > >
> > > So... do we have two paths to split the huge pages separately?
> >
> > We have two entiries that can be split: page table enties and underlying
> > compound page.
> >
> > split_huge_pmd() (and variants of it) split the PMD entry into a PTE page
> > table. It doens't touch underlying compound page. The page still can be
> > mapped in other place as huge.
> >
> > split_huge_page() (and ivariants of it) split compound page into a number
> > of 4k (or whatever PAGE_SIZE is). The operation requires splitting all
> > PMD, but not other way around.
> >
> > >
> > > Another (possibly very naive) question is: could any of you hint me
> > > how the page dirty bit is finally applied to the PTEs? These two
> > > dirty flags confused me for a few days already (the SetPageDirty() one
> > > which sets the page dirty flag, and the pte_mkdirty() which sets that
> > > onto the real PTEs).
> >
> > Dirty bit from page table entries transferes to sturct page flug and used
> > for decision making in reclaim path.
>
> Thanks for explaining. It's much clearer for me.
>
> Though for the issue I have encountered, I am still confused on why
> that dirty bit can be ignored for the splitted PTEs. Indeed we have:
>
> if (pmd_dirty(old_pmd))
> SetPageDirty(page);
>
> However to me this only transfers (as you explained above) the dirty
> bit (AFAIU it's possibly set by the hardware when the page is written)
> to the page struct of the compound page. It did not really apply to
> every small page of the splitted huge page. As you also explained,
> this __split_huge_pmd() only splits the PMD entry but it keeps the
> compound huge page there, then IMHO it should also apply the dirty
> bits from the huge page to all the small page entries, no?
>
> These dirty bits are really important to my scenario since AFAIU the
> change_protection() call is using these dirty bits to decide whether
> it should append the WRITE bit - it finally corresponds to the lines
> in change_pte_range():
>
> /* Avoid taking write faults for known dirty pages */
> if (dirty_accountable && pte_dirty(ptent) &&
> (pte_soft_dirty(ptent) ||
> !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SOFTDIRTY))) {
> ptent = pte_mkwrite(ptent);
> }
>
> So when mprotect() with that range (my case is UFFDIO_WRITEPROTECT,
> which is similar) although we pass in the new protocol with VM_WRITE
> here it'll still mask it since the dirty bit is not set, then the
> userspace program (in my case, the QEMU thread that handles write
> protect failures) can never fixup the write-protected page fault.
>
> Am I missing anything important here?
>

For reference mwriteprotect_range code:
https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/andrea/aa.git/commit/?id=b16cb9fcb76bec59cbe1427e73246dc81a4942e2

mwriteprotect_range usage:
https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/andrea/aa.git/commit/?id=aa97daa6e54f2cfed1a6f1f38f9629608b8aadcc

Maybe you can describe the issues you are having because i admit
not seing what is wrong here. When mwriteprotect_range is call
with UFFDIO_WRITEPROTECT_MODE_WP then dirty_accountable is false
and thus above if is not taken and pte is properly write protected
and thus UFFDIO_WRITEPROTECT_MODE_WP do what its name suggest no
matter what is the pte dirty state.

I am not sure what UFFDIO_WRITEPROTECT_MODE_DONTWAKE means as this
is the one that might depends on the pte dirty state. So without
knowing what UFFDIO_WRITEPROTECT_MODE_DONTWAKE do, i am not sure
i see any bug here.

Cheers,
Jérôme

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