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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86/pkeys: Explicitly treat PK #PF on kernel address as a bad area
On 09/04/2018 12:56 PM, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
> I have no objection to this patch.
> Dave, why did you think that we could get a PK fault on the vsyscall
> page, even on kernels that still marked it executable? Sure, you
> could get an instruction in the vsyscall page to get a PK fault, but
> CR2 wouldn't point to the vsyscall page, right?

I'm inferring the CR2 value from the page fault trace point. I see
entries like this:

protection_keys-4313 [002] d... 420257.094541: page_fault_user:
address=_end ip=_end error_code=0x15

But, that's not a PK fault, and it triggers the "misaligned vsyscall
(exploit attempt or buggy program)" stuff in dmesg. It's just the
symptom of trying to execute the non-executable vsyscall page.

I'm not a super big fan of this particular patch, though. The
fault_in_kernel_space() check is really presuming two things:
1. pkey faults (PF_PK=1) only occur on user pages (_PAGE_USER=1)
2. fault_in_kernel_space()==1 addresses are never user pages

#1 is a hardware expectation. We *can* look for that directly by just
making sure that X86_PF_PK is only set when it also comes with
X86_PF_USER in the hardware page fault error code.

Aside: We should probably explicitly separate out the hardware
error code from the software-munged version, like we do here:
> if (user_mode(regs)) {
> local_irq_enable();
> error_code |= X86_PF_USER)

But, #2 is a bit of a more loose check. It wasn't true for the recent
vsyscall, and I've also seen goofy drivers map memory out to userspace
quite a few times in the kernel address space.

So, I'd much rather see a X86_PF_USER check than a X86_PF_USER check.

But, as for pkeys...

The original intent here was to relay: "protection key faults can never
be spurious". The reason in my silly comment was that we don't do lazy
flushing, but that's imprecise: the real reasoning is that we don't ever
have kernel pages on which we can take protection key faults.

IOW, I think the check here should be for "protection key faults only
occur on user pages", and all the *spurious* checking should be looking
at *just* user vs. kernel pages, like:

static int spurious_fault_check(unsigned long error_code, pte_t *pte)
/* Only expect spurious faults on kernel pages: */
WARN_ON_ONCE(pte_flags(*pte) & _PAGE_USER);
/* Only expect spurious faults originating from kernel code: */
WARN_ON_ONCE(error_code & X86_PF_USER);

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