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Subject[PATCH 4.18 080/123] x86/nmi: Fix NMI uaccess race against CR3 switching
Date
4.18-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>

commit 4012e77a903d114f915fc607d6d2ed54a3d6c9b1 upstream.

A NMI can hit in the middle of context switching or in the middle of
switch_mm_irqs_off(). In either case, CR3 might not match current->mm,
which could cause copy_from_user_nmi() and friends to read the wrong
memory.

Fix it by adding a new nmi_uaccess_okay() helper and checking it in
copy_from_user_nmi() and in __copy_from_user_nmi()'s callers.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@gmail.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/dd956eba16646fd0b15c3c0741269dfd84452dac.1535557289.git.luto@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
arch/x86/events/core.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h | 40 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/lib/usercopy.c | 5 +++++
arch/x86/mm/tlb.c | 7 +++++++
4 files changed, 53 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/arch/x86/events/core.c
+++ b/arch/x86/events/core.c
@@ -2465,7 +2465,7 @@ perf_callchain_user(struct perf_callchai

perf_callchain_store(entry, regs->ip);

- if (!current->mm)
+ if (!nmi_uaccess_okay())
return;

if (perf_callchain_user32(regs, entry))
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
@@ -175,8 +175,16 @@ struct tlb_state {
* are on. This means that it may not match current->active_mm,
* which will contain the previous user mm when we're in lazy TLB
* mode even if we've already switched back to swapper_pg_dir.
+ *
+ * During switch_mm_irqs_off(), loaded_mm will be set to
+ * LOADED_MM_SWITCHING during the brief interrupts-off window
+ * when CR3 and loaded_mm would otherwise be inconsistent. This
+ * is for nmi_uaccess_okay()'s benefit.
*/
struct mm_struct *loaded_mm;
+
+#define LOADED_MM_SWITCHING ((struct mm_struct *)1)
+
u16 loaded_mm_asid;
u16 next_asid;
/* last user mm's ctx id */
@@ -246,6 +254,38 @@ struct tlb_state {
};
DECLARE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct tlb_state, cpu_tlbstate);

+/*
+ * Blindly accessing user memory from NMI context can be dangerous
+ * if we're in the middle of switching the current user task or
+ * switching the loaded mm. It can also be dangerous if we
+ * interrupted some kernel code that was temporarily using a
+ * different mm.
+ */
+static inline bool nmi_uaccess_okay(void)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *loaded_mm = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm);
+ struct mm_struct *current_mm = current->mm;
+
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(!loaded_mm);
+
+ /*
+ * The condition we want to check is
+ * current_mm->pgd == __va(read_cr3_pa()). This may be slow, though,
+ * if we're running in a VM with shadow paging, and nmi_uaccess_okay()
+ * is supposed to be reasonably fast.
+ *
+ * Instead, we check the almost equivalent but somewhat conservative
+ * condition below, and we rely on the fact that switch_mm_irqs_off()
+ * sets loaded_mm to LOADED_MM_SWITCHING before writing to CR3.
+ */
+ if (loaded_mm != current_mm)
+ return false;
+
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(current_mm->pgd != __va(read_cr3_pa()));
+
+ return true;
+}
+
/* Initialize cr4 shadow for this CPU. */
static inline void cr4_init_shadow(void)
{
--- a/arch/x86/lib/usercopy.c
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/usercopy.c
@@ -7,6 +7,8 @@
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/export.h>

+#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
+
/*
* We rely on the nested NMI work to allow atomic faults from the NMI path; the
* nested NMI paths are careful to preserve CR2.
@@ -19,6 +21,9 @@ copy_from_user_nmi(void *to, const void
if (__range_not_ok(from, n, TASK_SIZE))
return n;

+ if (!nmi_uaccess_okay())
+ return n;
+
/*
* Even though this function is typically called from NMI/IRQ context
* disable pagefaults so that its behaviour is consistent even when
--- a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
@@ -298,6 +298,10 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct

choose_new_asid(next, next_tlb_gen, &new_asid, &need_flush);

+ /* Let nmi_uaccess_okay() know that we're changing CR3. */
+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm, LOADED_MM_SWITCHING);
+ barrier();
+
if (need_flush) {
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[new_asid].ctx_id, next->context.ctx_id);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[new_asid].tlb_gen, next_tlb_gen);
@@ -328,6 +332,9 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct
if (next != &init_mm)
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.last_ctx_id, next->context.ctx_id);

+ /* Make sure we write CR3 before loaded_mm. */
+ barrier();
+
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm, next);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm_asid, new_asid);
}

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