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Subject[PATCH v2 2/3] x86/entry/64: Use the TSS sp2 slot for SYSCALL/SYSRET scratch space
Date
In the non-trampoline SYSCALL64 path, we use a percpu variable to
temporarily store the user RSP value. Instead of a separate
variable, use the otherwise unused sp2 slot in the TSS. This will
improve cache locality, as the sp1 slot is already used in the same
code to find the kernel stack. It will also simplify a future
change to make the non-trampoline path work in PTI mode.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S | 16 +++++++++-------
arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 6 ++++++
arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets.c | 3 ++-
arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c | 2 --
arch/x86/xen/xen-asm_64.S | 8 +++++---
5 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
index 1796c42e08af..17ae40602539 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
@@ -215,18 +215,20 @@ ENTRY(entry_SYSCALL_64)
/*
* This path is only taken when PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION is disabled so it
* is not required to switch CR3.
+ *
+ * tss.sp2 is scratch space.
*/
- movq %rsp, PER_CPU_VAR(rsp_scratch)
+ movq %rsp, PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw + TSS_sp2)
movq PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_current_top_of_stack), %rsp

/* Construct struct pt_regs on stack */
- pushq $__USER_DS /* pt_regs->ss */
- pushq PER_CPU_VAR(rsp_scratch) /* pt_regs->sp */
- pushq %r11 /* pt_regs->flags */
- pushq $__USER_CS /* pt_regs->cs */
- pushq %rcx /* pt_regs->ip */
+ pushq $__USER_DS /* pt_regs->ss */
+ pushq PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw + TSS_sp2) /* pt_regs->sp */
+ pushq %r11 /* pt_regs->flags */
+ pushq $__USER_CS /* pt_regs->cs */
+ pushq %rcx /* pt_regs->ip */
GLOBAL(entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe)
- pushq %rax /* pt_regs->orig_ax */
+ pushq %rax /* pt_regs->orig_ax */

PUSH_AND_CLEAR_REGS rax=$-ENOSYS

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index c24297268ebc..8433d76bc37b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -313,7 +313,13 @@ struct x86_hw_tss {
*/
u64 sp1;

+ /*
+ * Since Linux does not use ring 2, the 'sp2' slot is unused by
+ * hardware. entry_SYSCALL_64 uses it as scratch space to stash
+ * the user RSP value.
+ */
u64 sp2;
+
u64 reserved2;
u64 ist[7];
u32 reserved3;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets.c
index 01de31db300d..fc2e90d3429a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets.c
@@ -105,7 +105,8 @@ void common(void) {
DEFINE(SIZEOF_entry_stack, sizeof(struct entry_stack));
DEFINE(MASK_entry_stack, (~(sizeof(struct entry_stack) - 1)));

- /* Offset for sp0 and sp1 into the tss_struct */
+ /* Offset for fields in tss_struct */
OFFSET(TSS_sp0, tss_struct, x86_tss.sp0);
OFFSET(TSS_sp1, tss_struct, x86_tss.sp1);
+ OFFSET(TSS_sp2, tss_struct, x86_tss.sp2);
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
index a451bc374b9b..0fa7aa19f09e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
@@ -59,8 +59,6 @@
#include <asm/unistd_32_ia32.h>
#endif

-__visible DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, rsp_scratch);
-
/* Prints also some state that isn't saved in the pt_regs */
void __show_regs(struct pt_regs *regs, int all)
{
diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/xen-asm_64.S b/arch/x86/xen/xen-asm_64.S
index 417b339e5c8e..bb1c2da0381d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/xen/xen-asm_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/xen-asm_64.S
@@ -91,13 +91,15 @@ ENTRY(xen_iret)
ENTRY(xen_sysret64)
/*
* We're already on the usermode stack at this point, but
- * still with the kernel gs, so we can easily switch back
+ * still with the kernel gs, so we can easily switch back.
+ *
+ * tss.sp2 is scratch space.
*/
- movq %rsp, PER_CPU_VAR(rsp_scratch)
+ movq %rsp, PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw + TSS_sp2)
movq PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_current_top_of_stack), %rsp

pushq $__USER_DS
- pushq PER_CPU_VAR(rsp_scratch)
+ pushq PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw + TSS_sp2)
pushq %r11
pushq $__USER_CS
pushq %rcx
--
2.17.1
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