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Subject[PATCH v3 3/6] mm/memory_hotplug: fix online/offline_pages called w.o. mem_hotplug_lock
Date
There seem to be some problems as result of 30467e0b3be ("mm, hotplug:
fix concurrent memory hot-add deadlock"), which tried to fix a possible
lock inversion reported and discussed in [1] due to the two locks
a) device_lock()
b) mem_hotplug_lock

While add_memory() first takes b), followed by a) during
bus_probe_device(), onlining of memory from user space first took a),
followed by b), exposing a possible deadlock.

In [1], and it was decided to not make use of device_hotplug_lock, but
rather to enforce a locking order.

The problems I spotted related to this:

1. Memory block device attributes: While .state first calls
mem_hotplug_begin() and the calls device_online() - which takes
device_lock() - .online does no longer call mem_hotplug_begin(), so
effectively calls online_pages() without mem_hotplug_lock.

2. device_online() should be called under device_hotplug_lock, however
onlining memory during add_memory() does not take care of that.

In addition, I think there is also something wrong about the locking in

3. arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/memtrace.c calls offline_pages()
without locks. This was introduced after 30467e0b3be. And skimming over
the code, I assume it could need some more care in regards to locking
(e.g. device_online() called without device_hotplug_lock. This will
be addressed in the following patches.

Now that we hold the device_hotplug_lock when
- adding memory (e.g. via add_memory()/add_memory_resource())
- removing memory (e.g. via remove_memory())
- device_online()/device_offline()

We can move mem_hotplug_lock usage back into
online_pages()/offline_pages().

Why is mem_hotplug_lock still needed? Essentially to make
get_online_mems()/put_online_mems() be very fast (relying on
device_hotplug_lock would be very slow), and to serialize against
addition of memory that does not create memory block devices (hmm).

[1] http://driverdev.linuxdriverproject.org/pipermail/ driverdev-devel/
2015-February/065324.html

This patch is partly based on a patch by Vitaly Kuznetsov.

Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: "K. Y. Srinivasan" <kys@microsoft.com>
Cc: Haiyang Zhang <haiyangz@microsoft.com>
Cc: Stephen Hemminger <sthemmin@microsoft.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Rashmica Gupta <rashmica.g@gmail.com>
Cc: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org>
Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com>
Cc: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: YASUAKI ISHIMATSU <yasu.isimatu@gmail.com>
Cc: Mathieu Malaterre <malat@debian.org>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Rashmica Gupta <rashmica.g@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
---
drivers/base/memory.c | 13 +------------
mm/memory_hotplug.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++--------
2 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/base/memory.c b/drivers/base/memory.c
index 40cac122ec73..0e5985682642 100644
--- a/drivers/base/memory.c
+++ b/drivers/base/memory.c
@@ -228,7 +228,6 @@ static bool pages_correctly_probed(unsigned long start_pfn)
/*
* MEMORY_HOTPLUG depends on SPARSEMEM in mm/Kconfig, so it is
* OK to have direct references to sparsemem variables in here.
- * Must already be protected by mem_hotplug_begin().
*/
static int
memory_block_action(unsigned long phys_index, unsigned long action, int online_type)
@@ -294,7 +293,6 @@ static int memory_subsys_online(struct device *dev)
if (mem->online_type < 0)
mem->online_type = MMOP_ONLINE_KEEP;

- /* Already under protection of mem_hotplug_begin() */
ret = memory_block_change_state(mem, MEM_ONLINE, MEM_OFFLINE);

/* clear online_type */
@@ -341,19 +339,11 @@ store_mem_state(struct device *dev,
goto err;
}

- /*
- * Memory hotplug needs to hold mem_hotplug_begin() for probe to find
- * the correct memory block to online before doing device_online(dev),
- * which will take dev->mutex. Take the lock early to prevent an
- * inversion, memory_subsys_online() callbacks will be implemented by
- * assuming it's already protected.
- */
- mem_hotplug_begin();
-
switch (online_type) {
case MMOP_ONLINE_KERNEL:
case MMOP_ONLINE_MOVABLE:
case MMOP_ONLINE_KEEP:
+ /* mem->online_type is protected by device_hotplug_lock */
mem->online_type = online_type;
ret = device_online(&mem->dev);
break;
@@ -364,7 +354,6 @@ store_mem_state(struct device *dev,
ret = -EINVAL; /* should never happen */
}

- mem_hotplug_done();
err:
unlock_device_hotplug();

diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index affb03e0dfef..d4c7e42e46f3 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -860,7 +860,6 @@ static struct zone * __meminit move_pfn_range(int online_type, int nid,
return zone;
}

-/* Must be protected by mem_hotplug_begin() or a device_lock */
int __ref online_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int online_type)
{
unsigned long flags;
@@ -872,6 +871,8 @@ int __ref online_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int online_typ
struct memory_notify arg;
struct memory_block *mem;

+ mem_hotplug_begin();
+
/*
* We can't use pfn_to_nid() because nid might be stored in struct page
* which is not yet initialized. Instead, we find nid from memory block.
@@ -936,6 +937,7 @@ int __ref online_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int online_typ

if (onlined_pages)
memory_notify(MEM_ONLINE, &arg);
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return 0;

failed_addition:
@@ -943,6 +945,7 @@ int __ref online_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int online_typ
(unsigned long long) pfn << PAGE_SHIFT,
(((unsigned long long) pfn + nr_pages) << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1);
memory_notify(MEM_CANCEL_ONLINE, &arg);
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return ret;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE */
@@ -1147,20 +1150,20 @@ int __ref add_memory_resource(int nid, struct resource *res, bool online)
/* create new memmap entry */
firmware_map_add_hotplug(start, start + size, "System RAM");

+ /* device_online() will take the lock when calling online_pages() */
+ mem_hotplug_done();
+
/* online pages if requested */
if (online)
walk_memory_range(PFN_DOWN(start), PFN_UP(start + size - 1),
NULL, online_memory_block);

- goto out;
-
+ return ret;
error:
/* rollback pgdat allocation and others */
if (new_node)
rollback_node_hotadd(nid);
memblock_remove(start, size);
-
-out:
mem_hotplug_done();
return ret;
}
@@ -1588,10 +1591,16 @@ static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
return -EINVAL;
if (!IS_ALIGNED(end_pfn, pageblock_nr_pages))
return -EINVAL;
+
+ mem_hotplug_begin();
+
/* This makes hotplug much easier...and readable.
we assume this for now. .*/
- if (!test_pages_in_a_zone(start_pfn, end_pfn, &valid_start, &valid_end))
+ if (!test_pages_in_a_zone(start_pfn, end_pfn, &valid_start,
+ &valid_end)) {
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return -EINVAL;
+ }

zone = page_zone(pfn_to_page(valid_start));
node = zone_to_nid(zone);
@@ -1600,8 +1609,10 @@ static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
/* set above range as isolated */
ret = start_isolate_page_range(start_pfn, end_pfn,
MIGRATE_MOVABLE, true);
- if (ret)
+ if (ret) {
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return ret;
+ }

arg.start_pfn = start_pfn;
arg.nr_pages = nr_pages;
@@ -1672,6 +1683,7 @@ static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
writeback_set_ratelimit();

memory_notify(MEM_OFFLINE, &arg);
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return 0;

failed_removal:
@@ -1681,10 +1693,10 @@ static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
memory_notify(MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE, &arg);
/* pushback to free area */
undo_isolate_page_range(start_pfn, end_pfn, MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return ret;
}

-/* Must be protected by mem_hotplug_begin() or a device_lock */
int offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
{
return __offline_pages(start_pfn, start_pfn + nr_pages);
--
2.17.1
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