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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mtd: rawnand: denali: add DT property to specify skipped bytes in OOB
Hi Masahiro,

Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> wrote on Sun, 23 Sep
2018 06:38:40 -0400:

> 2018-09-22 4:11 GMT-04:00 Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@bootlin.com>:
> > On Sat, 22 Sep 2018 09:41:11 +0200
> > Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com> wrote:
> >
> >> Hi Masahiro,
> >>
> >> Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> wrote on Sat, 8 Sep
> >> 2018 01:10:25 +0900:
> >>
> >> > Hi Boris,
> >> >
> >> > 2018-09-07 23:53 GMT+09:00 Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@bootlin.com>:
> >> > > On Fri, 7 Sep 2018 23:42:53 +0900
> >> > > Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> wrote:
> >> > >
> >> > >> Hi Boris,
> >> > >>
> >> > >> 2018-09-07 23:08 GMT+09:00 Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@bootlin.com>:
> >> > >> > Hi Masahiro,
> >> > >> >
> >> > >> > On Fri, 7 Sep 2018 19:56:23 +0900
> >> > >> > Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> wrote:
> >> > >> >
> >> > >> >> NAND devices need additional data area (OOB) for error correction,
> >> > >> >> but it is also used for Bad Block Marker (BBM). In many cases, the
> >> > >> >> first byte in OOB is used for BBM, but the location actually depends
> >> > >> >> on chip vendors. The NAND controller should preserve the precious
> >> > >> >> BBM to keep track of bad blocks.
> >> > >> >>
> >> > >> >> In Denali IP, the SPARE_AREA_SKIP_BYTES register is used to specify
> >> > >> >> the number of bytes to skip from the start of OOB. The ECC engine
> >> > >> >> will automatically skip the specified number of bytes when it gets
> >> > >> >> access to OOB area.
> >> > >> >>
> >> > >> >> The same value for SPARE_AREA_SKIP_BYTES should be used between
> >> > >> >> firmware and the operating system if you intend to use the NAND
> >> > >> >> device across the control hand-off.
> >> > >> >>
> >> > >> >> In fact, the current denali.c code expects firmware to have already
> >> > >> >> set the SPARE_AREA_SKIP_BYTES register, then reads the value out.
> >> > >> >>
> >> > >> >> If no firmware (or bootloader) has initialized the controller, the
> >> > >> >> register value is zero, which is the default after power-on-reset.
> >> > >> >>
> >> > >> >> In other words, the Linux driver cannot initialize the controller
> >> > >> >> by itself. You cannot support the reset control either because
> >> > >> >> resetting the controller will get register values lost.
> >> > >> >>
> >> > >> >> This commit adds a way to specify it via DT. If the property
> >> > >> >> "denali,oob-skip-bytes" exists, the value will be set to the register.
> >> > >> >
> >> > >> > Hm, do we really need to make this config customizable? I mean, either
> >> > >> > you have a large-page NAND (page > 512 bytes) and the 2 first bytes
> >> > >> > must be reserved for the BBM or you have a small-page NAND and the BBM
> >> > >> > is at position 4 and 5. Are you sure people configure that differently?
> >> > >> > Don't you always have SPARE_AREA_SKIP_BYTES set to 6 or 2?
> >> > >>
> >> > >>
> >> > >> As I said in the patch description,
> >> > >> I need to use the same SPARE_AREA_SKIP_BYTES value
> >> > >> across firmware, boot-loader, Linux, and whatever.
> >> > >>
> >> > >> I want to set the value to 8 for my platform
> >> > >> because the on-chip boot ROM expects 8.
> >> > >> I cannot change it since the boot ROM is hard-wired.
> >> > >>
> >> > >>
> >> > >> The boot ROM skips 8 bytes in OOB
> >> > >> when it loads images from the on-board NAND device.
> >> > >>
> >> > >> So, when I update the image from U-Boot or Linux,
> >> > >> I need to make sure to set the register to 8.
> >> > >>
> >> > >> If I update the image with a different value,
> >> > >> the Boot ROM fails to boot.
> >> > >>
> >> > >>
> >> > >>
> >> > >> When the system has booted from NAND,
> >> > >> the register is already set to 8. It works.
> >> > >>
> >> > >> However, when the system has booted from eMMC,
> >> > >> the register is not initialized by anyone.
> >> > >> I am searching for a way to set the register to 8
> >> > >> in this case.
> >
> > Maybe there's a solution which does not involve attaching a per-compat
> > value or adding a DT prop. If the FW/bootloader has not initialized this
> > register the value is 0, right? Why not testing the value and
> > assigning it to the default (8) if it's not been initialized by the
> > bootloader. That shouldn't break existing platforms since I don't think
> > 0 is a valid value anyway.
> >
> > denali->oob_skip_bytes = ioread32(denali->reg +
> > SPARE_AREA_SKIP_BYTES);
> > if (!denali->oob_skip_bytes) {
> > denali->oob_skip_bytes = DEFAULT_OOB_SKIP_BYTES;
> > iowrite32(denali->oob_skip_bytes,
> > denali->reg + SPARE_AREA_SKIP_BYTES);
> > }
> >
>
>
> I prefer per-compatible values to a fixed default.
>
>
> I'd like to set the register to 8 unless set otherwise
> because the boot ROM on my platform (Socionext UniPhier SoCs)
> uses that value.
>
> Other platforms like Altera SOCFPGA may want to use a different value
> (at least, I do not know what is the preferred value).
>
>

Well, for now we can just have a default to 8, and if someone complains
have a per-compatible default?


Thanks,
Miquèl

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