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Subject[PATCH 01/34] vfs: syscall: Add open_tree(2) to reference or clone a mount [ver #12]
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Date
From: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

open_tree(dfd, pathname, flags)

Returns an O_PATH-opened file descriptor or an error.
dfd and pathname specify the location to open, in usual
fashion (see e.g. fstatat(2)). flags should be an OR of
some of the following:
* AT_PATH_EMPTY, AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW -
same meanings as usual
* OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC - make the resulting descriptor
close-on-exec
* OPEN_TREE_CLONE or OPEN_TREE_CLONE | AT_RECURSIVE -
instead of opening the location in question, create a detached
mount tree matching the subtree rooted at location specified by
dfd/pathname. With AT_RECURSIVE the entire subtree is cloned,
without it - only the part within in the mount containing the
location in question. In other words, the same as mount --rbind
or mount --bind would've taken. The detached tree will be
dissolved on the final close of obtained file. Creation of such
detached trees requires the same capabilities as doing mount --bind.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-api@vger.kernel.org
---

arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl | 1
arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 1
fs/file_table.c | 9 +-
fs/internal.h | 1
fs/namespace.c | 132 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
include/linux/fs.h | 7 +-
include/linux/syscalls.h | 1
include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h | 2
include/uapi/linux/mount.h | 10 ++
9 files changed, 137 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/mount.h

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
index 3cf7b533b3d1..ea1b413afd47 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
@@ -398,3 +398,4 @@
384 i386 arch_prctl sys_arch_prctl __ia32_compat_sys_arch_prctl
385 i386 io_pgetevents sys_io_pgetevents __ia32_compat_sys_io_pgetevents
386 i386 rseq sys_rseq __ia32_sys_rseq
+387 i386 open_tree sys_open_tree __ia32_sys_open_tree
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
index f0b1709a5ffb..0545bed581dc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
@@ -343,6 +343,7 @@
332 common statx __x64_sys_statx
333 common io_pgetevents __x64_sys_io_pgetevents
334 common rseq __x64_sys_rseq
+335 common open_tree __x64_sys_open_tree

#
# x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
diff --git a/fs/file_table.c b/fs/file_table.c
index e49af4caf15d..e03c8d121c6c 100644
--- a/fs/file_table.c
+++ b/fs/file_table.c
@@ -255,6 +255,7 @@ static void __fput(struct file *file)
struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry;
struct vfsmount *mnt = file->f_path.mnt;
struct inode *inode = file->f_inode;
+ fmode_t mode = file->f_mode;

if (unlikely(!(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED)))
goto out;
@@ -277,18 +278,20 @@ static void __fput(struct file *file)
if (file->f_op->release)
file->f_op->release(inode, file);
if (unlikely(S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_cdev != NULL &&
- !(file->f_mode & FMODE_PATH))) {
+ !(mode & FMODE_PATH))) {
cdev_put(inode->i_cdev);
}
fops_put(file->f_op);
put_pid(file->f_owner.pid);
- if ((file->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ)
+ if ((mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ)
i_readcount_dec(inode);
- if (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER) {
+ if (mode & FMODE_WRITER) {
put_write_access(inode);
__mnt_drop_write(mnt);
}
dput(dentry);
+ if (unlikely(mode & FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT))
+ dissolve_on_fput(mnt);
mntput(mnt);
out:
file_free(file);
diff --git a/fs/internal.h b/fs/internal.h
index 364c20b5ea2d..17029b30e196 100644
--- a/fs/internal.h
+++ b/fs/internal.h
@@ -85,6 +85,7 @@ extern int __mnt_want_write_file(struct file *);
extern void __mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *);
extern void __mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *);

+extern void dissolve_on_fput(struct vfsmount *);
/*
* fs_struct.c
*/
diff --git a/fs/namespace.c b/fs/namespace.c
index 8a7e1a7d1d06..ded1a970ec40 100644
--- a/fs/namespace.c
+++ b/fs/namespace.c
@@ -20,12 +20,14 @@
#include <linux/init.h> /* init_rootfs */
#include <linux/fs_struct.h> /* get_fs_root et.al. */
#include <linux/fsnotify.h> /* fsnotify_vfsmount_delete */
+#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/proc_ns.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/task_work.h>
#include <linux/sched/task.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/mount.h>

#include "pnode.h"
#include "internal.h"
@@ -1779,6 +1781,16 @@ struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *path)
return &tree->mnt;
}

+void dissolve_on_fput(struct vfsmount *mnt)
+{
+ namespace_lock();
+ lock_mount_hash();
+ mntget(mnt);
+ umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), UMOUNT_CONNECTED);
+ unlock_mount_hash();
+ namespace_unlock();
+}
+
void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
namespace_lock();
@@ -2138,6 +2150,30 @@ static bool has_locked_children(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry)
return false;
}

+static struct mount *__do_loopback(struct path *old_path, int recurse)
+{
+ struct mount *mnt = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL), *old = real_mount(old_path->mnt);
+
+ if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old))
+ return mnt;
+
+ if (!check_mnt(old) && old_path->dentry->d_op != &ns_dentry_operations)
+ return mnt;
+
+ if (!recurse && has_locked_children(old, old_path->dentry))
+ return mnt;
+
+ if (recurse)
+ mnt = copy_tree(old, old_path->dentry, CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE);
+ else
+ mnt = clone_mnt(old, old_path->dentry, 0);
+
+ if (!IS_ERR(mnt))
+ mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED;
+
+ return mnt;
+}
+
/*
* do loopback mount.
*/
@@ -2145,7 +2181,7 @@ static int do_loopback(struct path *path, const char *old_name,
int recurse)
{
struct path old_path;
- struct mount *mnt = NULL, *old, *parent;
+ struct mount *mnt = NULL, *parent;
struct mountpoint *mp;
int err;
if (!old_name || !*old_name)
@@ -2159,38 +2195,21 @@ static int do_loopback(struct path *path, const char *old_name,
goto out;

mp = lock_mount(path);
- err = PTR_ERR(mp);
- if (IS_ERR(mp))
+ if (IS_ERR(mp)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(mp);
goto out;
+ }

- old = real_mount(old_path.mnt);
parent = real_mount(path->mnt);
-
- err = -EINVAL;
- if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old))
- goto out2;
-
if (!check_mnt(parent))
goto out2;

- if (!check_mnt(old) && old_path.dentry->d_op != &ns_dentry_operations)
- goto out2;
-
- if (!recurse && has_locked_children(old, old_path.dentry))
- goto out2;
-
- if (recurse)
- mnt = copy_tree(old, old_path.dentry, CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE);
- else
- mnt = clone_mnt(old, old_path.dentry, 0);
-
+ mnt = __do_loopback(&old_path, recurse);
if (IS_ERR(mnt)) {
err = PTR_ERR(mnt);
goto out2;
}

- mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED;
-
err = graft_tree(mnt, parent, mp);
if (err) {
lock_mount_hash();
@@ -2204,6 +2223,75 @@ static int do_loopback(struct path *path, const char *old_name,
return err;
}

+SYSCALL_DEFINE3(open_tree, int, dfd, const char *, filename, unsigned, flags)
+{
+ struct file *file;
+ struct path path;
+ int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT | LOOKUP_FOLLOW;
+ bool detached = flags & OPEN_TREE_CLONE;
+ int error;
+ int fd;
+
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC != O_CLOEXEC);
+
+ if (flags & ~(AT_EMPTY_PATH | AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT | AT_RECURSIVE |
+ AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | OPEN_TREE_CLONE |
+ OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if ((flags & (AT_RECURSIVE | OPEN_TREE_CLONE)) == AT_RECURSIVE)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (flags & AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT)
+ lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT;
+ if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW)
+ lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW;
+ if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH)
+ lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY;
+
+ if (detached && !may_mount())
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ fd = get_unused_fd_flags(flags & O_CLOEXEC);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return fd;
+
+ error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path);
+ if (error)
+ goto out;
+
+ if (detached) {
+ struct mount *mnt = __do_loopback(&path, flags & AT_RECURSIVE);
+ if (IS_ERR(mnt)) {
+ error = PTR_ERR(mnt);
+ goto out2;
+ }
+ mntput(path.mnt);
+ path.mnt = &mnt->mnt;
+ }
+
+ file = dentry_open(&path, O_PATH, current_cred());
+ if (IS_ERR(file)) {
+ error = PTR_ERR(file);
+ goto out3;
+ }
+
+ if (detached)
+ file->f_mode |= FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT;
+ path_put(&path);
+ fd_install(fd, file);
+ return fd;
+
+out3:
+ if (detached)
+ dissolve_on_fput(path.mnt);
+out2:
+ path_put(&path);
+out:
+ put_unused_fd(fd);
+ return error;
+}
+
static int change_mount_flags(struct vfsmount *mnt, int ms_flags)
{
int error = 0;
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 4323b8fe353d..6dc32507762f 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -157,10 +157,13 @@ typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset,
#define FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force fmode_t)0x4000000)

/* File is capable of returning -EAGAIN if I/O will block */
-#define FMODE_NOWAIT ((__force fmode_t)0x8000000)
+#define FMODE_NOWAIT ((__force fmode_t)0x8000000)
+
+/* File represents mount that needs unmounting */
+#define FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x10000000)

/* File does not contribute to nr_files count */
-#define FMODE_NOACCOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x20000000)
+#define FMODE_NOACCOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x20000000)

/*
* Flag for rw_copy_check_uvector and compat_rw_copy_check_uvector
diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
index 2ff814c92f7f..6978f3c76d41 100644
--- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
+++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
@@ -906,6 +906,7 @@ asmlinkage long sys_statx(int dfd, const char __user *path, unsigned flags,
unsigned mask, struct statx __user *buffer);
asmlinkage long sys_rseq(struct rseq __user *rseq, uint32_t rseq_len,
int flags, uint32_t sig);
+asmlinkage long sys_open_tree(int dfd, const char __user *path, unsigned flags);

/*
* Architecture-specific system calls
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h b/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
index 6448cdd9a350..594b85f7cb86 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
@@ -90,5 +90,7 @@
#define AT_STATX_FORCE_SYNC 0x2000 /* - Force the attributes to be sync'd with the server */
#define AT_STATX_DONT_SYNC 0x4000 /* - Don't sync attributes with the server */

+#define AT_RECURSIVE 0x8000 /* Apply to the entire subtree */
+

#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_FCNTL_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/mount.h b/include/uapi/linux/mount.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e8db2911adca
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/mount.h
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_MOUNT_H
+#define _UAPI_LINUX_MOUNT_H
+
+/*
+ * open_tree() flags.
+ */
+#define OPEN_TREE_CLONE 1 /* Clone the target tree and attach the clone */
+#define OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC O_CLOEXEC /* Close the file on execve() */
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_MOUNT_H */
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