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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 0/6] mm: online/offline_pages called w.o. mem_hotplug_lock
On Tue, Sep 18, 2018 at 01:48:16PM +0200, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> Reading through the code and studying how mem_hotplug_lock is to be used,
> I noticed that there are two places where we can end up calling
> device_online()/device_offline() - online_pages()/offline_pages() without
> the mem_hotplug_lock. And there are other places where we call
> device_online()/device_offline() without the device_hotplug_lock.
>
> While e.g.
> echo "online" > /sys/devices/system/memory/memory9/state
> is fine, e.g.
> echo 1 > /sys/devices/system/memory/memory9/online
> Will not take the mem_hotplug_lock. However the device_lock() and
> device_hotplug_lock.
>
> E.g. via memory_probe_store(), we can end up calling
> add_memory()->online_pages() without the device_hotplug_lock. So we can
> have concurrent callers in online_pages(). We e.g. touch in online_pages()
> basically unprotected zone->present_pages then.
>
> Looks like there is a longer history to that (see Patch #2 for details),
> and fixing it to work the way it was intended is not really possible. We
> would e.g. have to take the mem_hotplug_lock in device/base/core.c, which
> sounds wrong.
>
> Summary: We had a lock inversion on mem_hotplug_lock and device_lock().
> More details can be found in patch 3 and patch 6.
>
> I propose the general rules (documentation added in patch 6):
>
> 1. add_memory/add_memory_resource() must only be called with
> device_hotplug_lock.
> 2. remove_memory() must only be called with device_hotplug_lock. This is
> already documented and holds for all callers.
> 3. device_online()/device_offline() must only be called with
> device_hotplug_lock. This is already documented and true for now in core
> code. Other callers (related to memory hotplug) have to be fixed up.
> 4. mem_hotplug_lock is taken inside of add_memory/remove_memory/
> online_pages/offline_pages.
>
> To me, this looks way cleaner than what we have right now (and easier to
> verify). And looking at the documentation of remove_memory, using
> lock_device_hotplug also for add_memory() feels natural.
>

That seems reasonable, but also implies that device_online() would hold
back add/remove memory, could you please also document what mode
read/write the locks need to be held? For example can the device_hotplug_lock
be held in read mode while add/remove memory via (mem_hotplug_lock) is held
in write mode?

Balbir Singh.


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