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SubjectRe: [PATCH 17/29] staging: bcm2835-audio: Add 10ms period constraint
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Hi Takashi,

Am 04.09.2018 um 17:58 schrieb Takashi Iwai:
> It seems that the resolution of vc04 callback is in 10 msec; i.e. the
> minimal period size is also 10 msec.
>
> This patch adds the corresponding hw constraint.
>
> Signed-off-by: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
> ---
> drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835-pcm.c | 5 +++++
> 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835-pcm.c b/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835-pcm.c
> index 9659c25b9f9d..6d89db6e14e4 100644
> --- a/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835-pcm.c
> +++ b/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835-pcm.c
> @@ -145,6 +145,11 @@ static int snd_bcm2835_playback_open_generic(
> SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES,
> 16);
>
> + /* position update is in 10ms order */
> + snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime,
> + SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME,
> + 10 * 1000, UINT_MAX);
> +
> chip->alsa_stream[idx] = alsa_stream;
>
> chip->opened |= (1 << idx);

in the Foundation Kernel (Downstream) there is a patch to interpolate
the audio delay. So my questions is, does your patch above makes the
following patch obsolete?

[PATCH] bcm2835: interpolate audio delay

It appears the GPU only sends us a message all 10ms to update
the playback progress. Other than this, the playback position
(what SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DELAY will return) is not updated at all.
Userspace will see jitter up to 10ms in the audio position.

Make this a bit nicer for userspace by interpolating the
position using the CPU clock.

I'm not sure if setting snd_pcm_runtime.delay is the right
approach for this. Or if there is maybe an already existing
mechanism for position interpolation in the ALSA core.

I only set SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BATCH because this appears to remove
at least one situation snd_pcm_runtime.delay is used, so I have
to worry less in which place I have to update this field, or
how it interacts with the rest of ALSA.

In the future, it might be nice to use VC_AUDIO_MSG_TYPE_LATENCY.
One problem is that it requires sending a videocore message, and
waiting for a reply, which could make the implementation much
harder due to locking and synchronization requirements.
---
.../vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835-pcm.c | 13 +++++++++++--
.../staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835.h | 1 +
2 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835-pcm.c b/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835-pcm.c
index 94654c0c7bba5..36165a60fb059 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835-pcm.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835-pcm.c
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@
/* hardware definition */
static const struct snd_pcm_hardware snd_bcm2835_playback_hw = {
.info = (SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED | SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BLOCK_TRANSFER |
- SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP | SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID),
+ SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP | SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID | SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BATCH),
.formats = SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U8 | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_LE,
.rates = SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS | SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000_48000,
.rate_min = 8000,
@@ -93,6 +93,8 @@ void bcm2835_playback_fifo(struct bcm2835_alsa_stream *alsa_stream)
alsa_stream->pos %= alsa_stream->buffer_size;
}

+ alsa_stream->interpolate_start = ktime_get_ns();
+
if (alsa_stream->substream) {
if (new_period)
snd_pcm_period_elapsed(alsa_stream->substream);
@@ -323,6 +325,7 @@ static int snd_bcm2835_pcm_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
alsa_stream->buffer_size = snd_pcm_lib_buffer_bytes(substream);
alsa_stream->period_size = snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes(substream);
alsa_stream->pos = 0;
+ alsa_stream->interpolate_start = ktime_get_ns();

audio_debug("buffer_size=%d, period_size=%d pos=%d frame_bits=%d\n",
alsa_stream->buffer_size, alsa_stream->period_size,
@@ -415,13 +418,19 @@ snd_bcm2835_pcm_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
struct bcm2835_alsa_stream *alsa_stream = runtime->private_data;
-
+ u64 now = ktime_get_ns();

audio_debug("pcm_pointer... (%d) hwptr=%d appl=%d pos=%d\n", 0,
frames_to_bytes(runtime, runtime->status->hw_ptr),
frames_to_bytes(runtime, runtime->control->appl_ptr),
alsa_stream->pos);

+ /* Give userspace better delay reporting by interpolating between GPU
+ * notifications, assuming audio speed is close enough to the clock
+ * used for ktime */
+ if (alsa_stream->interpolate_start && alsa_stream->interpolate_start < now)
+ runtime->delay = -(int)div_u64((now - alsa_stream->interpolate_start) * runtime->rate, 1000000000);
+
return snd_pcm_indirect_playback_pointer(substream,
&alsa_stream->pcm_indirect,
alsa_stream->pos);
diff --git a/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835.h b/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835.h
index 379604d3554e8..e64862e1781be 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835.h
+++ b/drivers/staging/vc04_services/bcm2835-audio/bcm2835.h
@@ -137,6 +137,7 @@ struct bcm2835_alsa_stream {
unsigned int pos;
unsigned int buffer_size;
unsigned int period_size;
+ u64 interpolate_start;

atomic_t retrieved;
struct bcm2835_audio_instance *instance;
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