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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] sc16is7xx: Fix for multi-channel stall
On Wed, Sep 12, 2018 at 03:31:55PM +0100, Phil Elwell wrote:
> The SC16IS752 is a dual-channel device. The two channels are largely
> independent, but the IRQ signals are wired together as an open-drain,
> active low signal which will be driven low while either of the
> channels requires attention, which can be for significant periods of
> time until operations complete and the interrupt can be acknowledged.
> In that respect it is should be treated as a true level-sensitive IRQ.
>
> The kernel, however, needs to be able to exit interrupt context in
> order to use I2C or SPI to access the device registers (which may
> involve sleeping). Therefore the interrupt needs to be masked out or
> paused in some way.
>
> The usual way to manage sleeping from within an interrupt handler
> is to use a threaded interrupt handler - a regular interrupt routine
> does the minimum amount of work needed to triage the interrupt before
> waking the interrupt service thread. If the threaded IRQ is marked as
> IRQF_ONESHOT the kernel will automatically mask out the interrupt
> until the thread runs to completion. The sc16is7xx driver used to
> use a threaded IRQ, but a patch switched to using a kthread_worker
> in order to set realtime priorities on the handler thread and for
> other optimisations. The end result is non-threaded IRQ that
> schedules some work then returns IRQ_HANDLED, making the kernel
> think that all IRQ processing has completed.
>
> The work-around to prevent a constant stream of interrupts is to
> mark the interrupt as edge-sensitive rather than level-sensitive,
> but interpreting an active-low source as a falling-edge source
> requires care to prevent a total cessation of interrupts. Whereas
> an edge-triggering source will generate a new edge for every interrupt
> condition a level-triggering source will keep the signal at the
> interrupting level until it no longer requires attention; in other
> words, the host won't see another edge until all interrupt conditions
> are cleared. It is therefore vital that the interrupt handler does not
> exit with an outstanding interrupt condition, otherwise the kernel
> will not receive another interrupt unless some other operation causes
> the interrupt state on the device to be cleared.
>
> The existing sc16is7xx driver has a very simple interrupt "thread"
> (kthread_work job) that processes interrupts on each channel in turn
> until there are no more. If both channels are active and the first
> channel starts interrupting while the handler for the second channel
> is running then it will not be detected and an IRQ stall ensues. This
> could be handled easily if there was a shared IRQ status register, or
> a convenient way to determine if the IRQ had been deasserted for any
> length of time, but both appear to be lacking.
>
> Avoid this problem (or at least make it much less likely to happen)
> by reducing the granularity of per-channel interrupt processing
> to one condition per iteration, only exiting the overall loop when
> both channels are no longer interrupting.
>
> Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>
> ---
> drivers/tty/serial/sc16is7xx.c | 19 +++++++++++++------
> 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/sc16is7xx.c b/drivers/tty/serial/sc16is7xx.c
> index 243c960..47b4115 100644
> --- a/drivers/tty/serial/sc16is7xx.c
> +++ b/drivers/tty/serial/sc16is7xx.c
> @@ -657,7 +657,7 @@ static void sc16is7xx_handle_tx(struct uart_port *port)
> uart_write_wakeup(port);
> }
>
> -static void sc16is7xx_port_irq(struct sc16is7xx_port *s, int portno)
> +static bool sc16is7xx_port_irq(struct sc16is7xx_port *s, int portno)
> {
> struct uart_port *port = &s->p[portno].port;
>
> @@ -666,7 +666,7 @@ static void sc16is7xx_port_irq(struct sc16is7xx_port *s, int portno)
>
> iir = sc16is7xx_port_read(port, SC16IS7XX_IIR_REG);
> if (iir & SC16IS7XX_IIR_NO_INT_BIT)
> - break;
> + return false;
>
> iir &= SC16IS7XX_IIR_ID_MASK;
>
> @@ -688,16 +688,23 @@ static void sc16is7xx_port_irq(struct sc16is7xx_port *s, int portno)
> port->line, iir);
> break;
> }
> - } while (1);
> + } while (0);
> + return true;
> }
>
> static void sc16is7xx_ist(struct kthread_work *ws)
> {
> struct sc16is7xx_port *s = to_sc16is7xx_port(ws, irq_work);
> - int i;
>
> - for (i = 0; i < s->devtype->nr_uart; ++i)
> - sc16is7xx_port_irq(s, i);
> + while (1) {
> + bool keep_polling = false;
> + int i;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < s->devtype->nr_uart; ++i)
> + keep_polling |= sc16is7xx_port_irq(s, i);
> + if (!keep_polling)
> + break;

This makes me worried, there is no "timeout" now? What happens if this
never happens, will you just sit and spin forever? What prevents that?

thanks,

greg k-h

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