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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 3/7] mm, devm_memremap_pages: Fix shutdown handling
On Wed, Sep 12, 2018 at 07:22:17PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
> The last step before devm_memremap_pages() returns success is to
> allocate a release action, devm_memremap_pages_release(), to tear the
> entire setup down. However, the result from devm_add_action() is not
> checked.
>
> Checking the error from devm_add_action() is not enough. The api
> currently relies on the fact that the percpu_ref it is using is killed
> by the time the devm_memremap_pages_release() is run. Rather than
> continue this awkward situation, offload the responsibility of killing
> the percpu_ref to devm_memremap_pages_release() directly. This allows
> devm_memremap_pages() to do the right thing relative to init failures
> and shutdown.
>
> Without this change we could fail to register the teardown of
> devm_memremap_pages(). The likelihood of hitting this failure is tiny as
> small memory allocations almost always succeed. However, the impact of
> the failure is large given any future reconfiguration, or
> disable/enable, of an nvdimm namespace will fail forever as subsequent
> calls to devm_memremap_pages() will fail to setup the pgmap_radix since
> there will be stale entries for the physical address range.
>
> An argument could be made to require that the ->kill() operation be set
> in the @pgmap arg rather than passed in separately. However, it helps
> code readability, tracking the lifetime of a given instance, to be able
> to grep the kill routine directly at the devm_memremap_pages() call
> site.
>
> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
> Fixes: e8d513483300 ("memremap: change devm_memremap_pages interface...")
> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>

Reviewed-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>

> Reported-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> Reviewed-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> ---
> drivers/dax/pmem.c | 15 +++------------
> drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c | 18 ++++++++----------
> include/linux/memremap.h | 7 +++++--
> kernel/memremap.c | 36 +++++++++++++++++++-----------------
> tools/testing/nvdimm/test/iomap.c | 21 ++++++++++++++++++---
> 5 files changed, 53 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/dax/pmem.c b/drivers/dax/pmem.c
> index 99e2aace8078..c1e03d769e6d 100644
> --- a/drivers/dax/pmem.c
> +++ b/drivers/dax/pmem.c
> @@ -48,9 +48,8 @@ static void dax_pmem_percpu_exit(void *data)
> percpu_ref_exit(ref);
> }
>
> -static void dax_pmem_percpu_kill(void *data)
> +static void dax_pmem_percpu_kill(struct percpu_ref *ref)
> {
> - struct percpu_ref *ref = data;
> struct dax_pmem *dax_pmem = to_dax_pmem(ref);
>
> dev_dbg(dax_pmem->dev, "trace\n");
> @@ -112,17 +111,9 @@ static int dax_pmem_probe(struct device *dev)
> }
>
> dax_pmem->pgmap.ref = &dax_pmem->ref;
> - addr = devm_memremap_pages(dev, &dax_pmem->pgmap);
> - if (IS_ERR(addr)) {
> - devm_remove_action(dev, dax_pmem_percpu_exit, &dax_pmem->ref);
> - percpu_ref_exit(&dax_pmem->ref);
> + addr = devm_memremap_pages(dev, &dax_pmem->pgmap, dax_pmem_percpu_kill);
> + if (IS_ERR(addr))
> return PTR_ERR(addr);
> - }
> -
> - rc = devm_add_action_or_reset(dev, dax_pmem_percpu_kill,
> - &dax_pmem->ref);
> - if (rc)
> - return rc;
>
> /* adjust the dax_region resource to the start of data */
> memcpy(&res, &dax_pmem->pgmap.res, sizeof(res));
> diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
> index 6071e2942053..c9cad5ebea5b 100644
> --- a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
> +++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
> @@ -309,8 +309,11 @@ static void pmem_release_queue(void *q)
> blk_cleanup_queue(q);
> }
>
> -static void pmem_freeze_queue(void *q)
> +static void pmem_freeze_queue(struct percpu_ref *ref)
> {
> + struct request_queue *q;
> +
> + q = container_of(ref, typeof(*q), q_usage_counter);
> blk_freeze_queue_start(q);
> }
>
> @@ -405,7 +408,8 @@ static int pmem_attach_disk(struct device *dev,
> if (is_nd_pfn(dev)) {
> if (setup_pagemap_fsdax(dev, &pmem->pgmap))
> return -ENOMEM;
> - addr = devm_memremap_pages(dev, &pmem->pgmap);
> + addr = devm_memremap_pages(dev, &pmem->pgmap,
> + pmem_freeze_queue);
> pfn_sb = nd_pfn->pfn_sb;
> pmem->data_offset = le64_to_cpu(pfn_sb->dataoff);
> pmem->pfn_pad = resource_size(res) -
> @@ -418,20 +422,14 @@ static int pmem_attach_disk(struct device *dev,
> pmem->pgmap.altmap_valid = false;
> if (setup_pagemap_fsdax(dev, &pmem->pgmap))
> return -ENOMEM;
> - addr = devm_memremap_pages(dev, &pmem->pgmap);
> + addr = devm_memremap_pages(dev, &pmem->pgmap,
> + pmem_freeze_queue);
> pmem->pfn_flags |= PFN_MAP;
> memcpy(&bb_res, &pmem->pgmap.res, sizeof(bb_res));
> } else
> addr = devm_memremap(dev, pmem->phys_addr,
> pmem->size, ARCH_MEMREMAP_PMEM);
>
> - /*
> - * At release time the queue must be frozen before
> - * devm_memremap_pages is unwound
> - */
> - if (devm_add_action_or_reset(dev, pmem_freeze_queue, q))
> - return -ENOMEM;
> -
> if (IS_ERR(addr))
> return PTR_ERR(addr);
> pmem->virt_addr = addr;
> diff --git a/include/linux/memremap.h b/include/linux/memremap.h
> index f91f9e763557..71f5e7c7dfb9 100644
> --- a/include/linux/memremap.h
> +++ b/include/linux/memremap.h
> @@ -106,6 +106,7 @@ typedef void (*dev_page_free_t)(struct page *page, void *data);
> * @altmap: pre-allocated/reserved memory for vmemmap allocations
> * @res: physical address range covered by @ref
> * @ref: reference count that pins the devm_memremap_pages() mapping
> + * @kill: callback to transition @ref to the dead state
> * @dev: host device of the mapping for debug
> * @data: private data pointer for page_free()
> * @type: memory type: see MEMORY_* in memory_hotplug.h
> @@ -117,13 +118,15 @@ struct dev_pagemap {
> bool altmap_valid;
> struct resource res;
> struct percpu_ref *ref;
> + void (*kill)(struct percpu_ref *ref);
> struct device *dev;
> void *data;
> enum memory_type type;
> };
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
> -void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
> +void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap,
> + void (*kill)(struct percpu_ref *));
> struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,
> struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
>
> @@ -131,7 +134,7 @@ unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
> void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap, unsigned long nr_pfns);
> #else
> static inline void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev,
> - struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> + struct dev_pagemap *pgmap, void (*kill)(struct percpu_ref *))
> {
> /*
> * Fail attempts to call devm_memremap_pages() without
> diff --git a/kernel/memremap.c b/kernel/memremap.c
> index 92e838127767..ab5eb570d28d 100644
> --- a/kernel/memremap.c
> +++ b/kernel/memremap.c
> @@ -122,14 +122,10 @@ static void devm_memremap_pages_release(void *data)
> resource_size_t align_start, align_size;
> unsigned long pfn;
>
> + pgmap->kill(pgmap->ref);
> for_each_device_pfn(pfn, pgmap)
> put_page(pfn_to_page(pfn));
>
> - if (percpu_ref_tryget_live(pgmap->ref)) {
> - dev_WARN(dev, "%s: page mapping is still live!\n", __func__);
> - percpu_ref_put(pgmap->ref);
> - }
> -
> /* pages are dead and unused, undo the arch mapping */
> align_start = res->start & ~(SECTION_SIZE - 1);
> align_size = ALIGN(res->start + resource_size(res), SECTION_SIZE)
> @@ -150,7 +146,8 @@ static void devm_memremap_pages_release(void *data)
> /**
> * devm_memremap_pages - remap and provide memmap backing for the given resource
> * @dev: hosting device for @res
> - * @pgmap: pointer to a struct dev_pgmap
> + * @pgmap: pointer to a struct dev_pagemap
> + * @kill: routine to kill @pgmap->ref
> *
> * Notes:
> * 1/ At a minimum the res, ref and type members of @pgmap must be initialized
> @@ -159,17 +156,15 @@ static void devm_memremap_pages_release(void *data)
> * 2/ The altmap field may optionally be initialized, in which case altmap_valid
> * must be set to true
> *
> - * 3/ pgmap.ref must be 'live' on entry and 'dead' before devm_memunmap_pages()
> - * time (or devm release event). The expected order of events is that ref has
> - * been through percpu_ref_kill() before devm_memremap_pages_release(). The
> - * wait for the completion of all references being dropped and
> - * percpu_ref_exit() must occur after devm_memremap_pages_release().
> + * 3/ pgmap->ref must be 'live' on entry and will be killed at
> + * devm_memremap_pages_release() time, or if this routine fails.
> *
> * 4/ res is expected to be a host memory range that could feasibly be
> * treated as a "System RAM" range, i.e. not a device mmio range, but
> * this is not enforced.
> */
> -void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> +void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap,
> + void (*kill)(struct percpu_ref *))
> {
> resource_size_t align_start, align_size, align_end;
> struct vmem_altmap *altmap = pgmap->altmap_valid ?
> @@ -180,6 +175,9 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> int error, nid, is_ram;
> struct dev_pagemap *conflict_pgmap;
>
> + if (!pgmap->ref || !kill)
> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> +
> align_start = res->start & ~(SECTION_SIZE - 1);
> align_size = ALIGN(res->start + resource_size(res), SECTION_SIZE)
> - align_start;
> @@ -205,12 +203,10 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> if (is_ram != REGION_DISJOINT) {
> WARN_ONCE(1, "%s attempted on %s region %pr\n", __func__,
> is_ram == REGION_MIXED ? "mixed" : "ram", res);
> - return ERR_PTR(-ENXIO);
> + error = -ENXIO;
> + goto err_init;
> }
>
> - if (!pgmap->ref)
> - return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> -
> pgmap->dev = dev;
>
> mutex_lock(&pgmap_lock);
> @@ -267,7 +263,11 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> percpu_ref_get(pgmap->ref);
> }
>
> - devm_add_action(dev, devm_memremap_pages_release, pgmap);
> + pgmap->kill = kill;
> + error = devm_add_action_or_reset(dev, devm_memremap_pages_release,
> + pgmap);
> + if (error)
> + return ERR_PTR(error);
>
> return __va(res->start);
>
> @@ -278,6 +278,8 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> err_pfn_remap:
> err_radix:
> pgmap_radix_release(res, pgoff);
> + err_init:
> + kill(pgmap->ref);
> return ERR_PTR(error);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(devm_memremap_pages);
> diff --git a/tools/testing/nvdimm/test/iomap.c b/tools/testing/nvdimm/test/iomap.c
> index ff9d3a5825e1..ad544e6476a9 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/nvdimm/test/iomap.c
> +++ b/tools/testing/nvdimm/test/iomap.c
> @@ -104,14 +104,29 @@ void *__wrap_devm_memremap(struct device *dev, resource_size_t offset,
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(__wrap_devm_memremap);
>
> -void *__wrap_devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> +static void nfit_test_kill(void *_pgmap)
> +{
> + struct dev_pagemap *pgmap = _pgmap;
> +
> + pgmap->kill(pgmap->ref);
> +}
> +
> +void *__wrap_devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap,
> + void (*kill)(struct percpu_ref *))
> {
> resource_size_t offset = pgmap->res.start;
> struct nfit_test_resource *nfit_res = get_nfit_res(offset);
>
> - if (nfit_res)
> + if (nfit_res) {
> + int rc;
> +
> + pgmap->kill = kill;
> + rc = devm_add_action_or_reset(dev, nfit_test_kill, pgmap);
> + if (rc)
> + return ERR_PTR(rc);
> return nfit_res->buf + offset - nfit_res->res.start;
> - return devm_memremap_pages(dev, pgmap);
> + }
> + return devm_memremap_pages(dev, pgmap, kill);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(__wrap_devm_memremap_pages);
>
>

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