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SubjectRe: metadata operation reordering regards to crash
On Fri, Sep 14, 2018 at 05:06:44PM +0800, 焦晓冬 wrote:
> Hi, all,
>
> A probably bit of complex question:
> Does nowadays practical filesystems, eg., extX, btfs, preserve metadata
> operation order through a crash/power failure?

Yes.

Behaviour is filesystem dependent, but we have tests in fstests that
specifically exercise order preservation across filesystem failures.

> What I know is modern filesystems ensure metadata consistency
> after crash/power failure. Journal filesystems like extX do that by
> write-ahead logging of metadata operations into transactions. Other
> filesystems do that in various ways as btfs do that by COW.
>
> What I'm not so far clear is whether these filesystems preserve
> metadata operation order after a crash.
>
> For example,
> op 1. rename(A, B)
> op 2. rename(C, D)
>
> As mentioned above, metadata consistency is ensured after a crash.
> Thus, B is either the original B(or not exists) or has been replaced by A.
> The same to D.
>
> Is it possible that, after a crash, D has been replaced by C but B is still
> the original file(or not exists)?

Not for XFS, ext4, btrfs or f2fs. Other filesystems might be
different.

Cheers,

Dave,
--
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com

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