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SubjectRe: [Xen-devel] [PATCH 2/6] xenbus: implement the xenwatch multithreading framework
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On 09/14/2018 04:45 PM, Paul Durrant wrote:
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: Dongli Zhang [mailto:dongli.zhang@oracle.com]
>> Sent: 14 September 2018 08:34
>> To: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
>> Cc: boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com; jgross@suse.com; Paul Durrant
>> <Paul.Durrant@citrix.com>; Wei Liu <wei.liu2@citrix.com>;
>> konrad.wilk@oracle.com; Roger Pau Monne <roger.pau@citrix.com>;
>> srinivas.eeda@oracle.com
>> Subject: [PATCH 2/6] xenbus: implement the xenwatch multithreading
>> framework
>>
>> This is the 2nd patch of a (6-patch) patch set.
>>
>> This patch implements the xenwatch multithreading framework to create or
>> destroy the per-domU xenwatch thread. The xenwatch thread is created or
>> destroyed during xenbus device probing or removing (that is,
>> xenbus_dev_probe() or xenbus_dev_remove()) if the corresponding pv driver
>> has xenwatch multithreading feature enabled. As there is only one single
>> per-domU xenwatch thread for each domid, probing the xenbus device for the
>> same domid again would not create the thread for the same domid again, but
>> only increment the reference count of the thread's mtwatch domain. When a
>> xenbus device is removed, the reference count is decremented. The per-domU
>> xenwatch thread is destroyed when the reference count of its mtwatch
>> domain
>> is zero, that is, al xenbus devices (whose mtwatch feature is enabled) of
>> such mtwatch domain are removed.
>>
>> Therefore, a domid has its own per-domU xenwatch thread only when it is
>> attached with dom0 backend xenbus device whose pv driver has the feature
>> enabled. The domid would not have its own xenwatch thread when it is not
>> running any mtwatch-enabled xenbus device.
>>
>> When a watch (with xenwatch multithreading enabled) is unregistered, we
>> will generally traverse all mtwatch domains to remove all inflight pending
>> events fired by such watch. However, one optimization in this patch is we
>> only need to remove pending events from a specific mtwatch domain when the
>> watch is registered for a specific domid, that is, when its owner_id field
>> is non-zero.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Dongli Zhang <dongli.zhang@oracle.com>
>> ---
>> drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe.c | 6 +
>> drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c | 273
>> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> include/xen/xenbus.h | 3 +
>> 3 files changed, 282 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe.c
>> b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe.c
>> index 5b47188..5755596 100644
>> --- a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe.c
>> +++ b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe.c
>> @@ -236,6 +236,9 @@ int xenbus_dev_probe(struct device *_dev)
>> if (err)
>> goto fail;
>>
>> + if (xen_mtwatch && drv->use_mtwatch)
>> + mtwatch_create_domain(dev->otherend_id);
>
> mtwatch_get_domain()? (Since you have mtwatch_put_domain() below).
>
>> +
>> err = watch_otherend(dev);
>> if (err) {
>> dev_warn(&dev->dev, "watch_otherend on %s failed.\n",
>> @@ -263,6 +266,9 @@ int xenbus_dev_remove(struct device *_dev)
>> if (drv->remove)
>> drv->remove(dev);
>>
>> + if (xen_mtwatch && drv->use_mtwatch)
>> + mtwatch_put_domain(dev->otherend_id);
>> +
>> free_otherend_details(dev);
>>
>> xenbus_switch_state(dev, XenbusStateClosed);
>> diff --git a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c
>> b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c
>> index 3f137d2..741dc54 100644
>> --- a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c
>> +++ b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c
>> @@ -108,6 +108,201 @@ static __init int xen_parse_mtwatch(char *arg)
>> }
>> early_param("xen_mtwatch", xen_parse_mtwatch);
>>
>> +struct mtwatch_domain *mtwatch_find_domain(domid_t domid)
>> +{
>> + struct mtwatch_domain *domain;
>> + int hash = MTWATCH_HASH(domid);
>> + struct hlist_head *hash_head = &mtwatch_info->domain_hash[hash];
>> +
>> + hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(domain, hash_head, hash_node) {
>> + if (domain->domid == domid)
>> + return domain;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return NULL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/* per-domU thread for xenwatch multithreading. */
>> +static int mtwatch_thread(void *arg)
>> +{
>> + struct mtwatch_domain *domain = (struct mtwatch_domain *) arg;
>> + struct list_head *ent;
>> + struct xs_watch_event *event;
>> +
>> + domain->pid = current->pid;
>> +
>> + for (;;) {
>> + wait_event_interruptible(domain->events_wq,
>> + !list_empty(&domain->events) ||
>> + domain->state == MTWATCH_DOMAIN_DOWN);
>> +
>> + if (domain->state == MTWATCH_DOMAIN_DOWN &&
>> + list_empty(&domain->events))
>> + break;
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&domain->domain_mutex);
>> +
>> + spin_lock(&domain->events_lock);
>> + ent = domain->events.next;
>> + if (ent != &domain->events)
>> + list_del(ent);
>> + spin_unlock(&domain->events_lock);
>> +
>> + if (ent != &domain->events) {
>> + event = list_entry(ent, struct xs_watch_event, list);
>> + event->handle->callback(event->handle, event->path,
>> + event->token);
>> + kfree(event);
>> + }
>> +
>> + mutex_unlock(&domain->domain_mutex);
>> + }
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * domain->state is already set to MTWATCH_DOMAIN_DOWN (to avoid
>> + * new event to domain->events) when above for loop breaks, so
>> + * that there is no requirement to cleanup domain->events again.
>> + */
>> +
>> + spin_lock(&mtwatch_info->domain_lock);
>> + list_del_rcu(&domain->list_node);
>> + spin_unlock(&mtwatch_info->domain_lock);
>> +
>> + spin_lock(&mtwatch_info->purge_lock);
>> + list_add(&domain->purge_node, &mtwatch_info->purge_list);
>> + spin_unlock(&mtwatch_info->purge_lock);
>> +
>> + schedule_work(&mtwatch_info->purge_work);
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void delayed_destroy_domain(struct rcu_head *head)
>> +{
>> + struct mtwatch_domain *domain;
>> +
>> + domain = container_of(head, struct mtwatch_domain, rcu);
>> + kfree(domain);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void xen_mtwatch_purge_domain(struct work_struct *work)
>> +{
>> + struct mtwatch_domain *domain;
>> + struct list_head *node;
>> +
>> + while (!list_empty(&mtwatch_info->purge_list)) {
>> +
>> + spin_lock(&mtwatch_info->purge_lock);
>> + node = mtwatch_info->purge_list.next;
>> + if (node != &mtwatch_info->purge_list)
>> + list_del(node);
>> + spin_unlock(&mtwatch_info->purge_lock);
>> +
>> + if (node != &mtwatch_info->purge_list) {
>> + domain = list_entry(node, struct mtwatch_domain,
>> + purge_node);
>> + kthread_stop(domain->task);
>> +
>> + call_rcu(&domain->rcu, delayed_destroy_domain);
>> + }
>> + }
>> +}
>> +
>> +/* Running in the context of default xenwatch kthread. */
>> +void mtwatch_create_domain(domid_t domid)
>> +{
>> + struct mtwatch_domain *domain;
>> +
>> + if (!domid) {
>> + pr_err("Default xenwatch thread is for dom0\n");
>> + return;
>> + }
>> +
>> + spin_lock(&mtwatch_info->domain_lock);
>> +
>> + domain = mtwatch_find_domain(domid);
>> + if (domain) {
>> + atomic_inc(&domain->refcnt);
>> + spin_unlock(&mtwatch_info->domain_lock);
>> + return;
>> + }
>> +
>> + domain = kzalloc(sizeof(*domain), GFP_ATOMIC);
>> + if (!domain) {
>> + spin_unlock(&mtwatch_info->domain_lock);
>> + pr_err("Failed to allocate memory for mtwatch thread %d\n",
>> + domid);
>> + return;
>> + }
>> +
>> + domain->domid = domid;
>> + atomic_set(&domain->refcnt, 1);
>> + mutex_init(&domain->domain_mutex);
>> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&domain->purge_node);
>> +
>> + init_waitqueue_head(&domain->events_wq);
>> + spin_lock_init(&domain->events_lock);
>> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&domain->events);
>> +
>> + list_add_tail_rcu(&domain->list_node, &mtwatch_info->domain_list);
>> +
>> + hlist_add_head_rcu(&domain->hash_node,
>> + &mtwatch_info->domain_hash[MTWATCH_HASH(domid)]);
>> +
>> + spin_unlock(&mtwatch_info->domain_lock);
>> +
>> + domain->task = kthread_run(mtwatch_thread, domain,
>> + "xen-mtwatch-%d", domid);
>> +
>> + if (!domain->task) {
>> + pr_err("mtwatch kthread creation is failed\n");
>> + domain->state = MTWATCH_DOMAIN_DOWN;
>> +
>> + return;
>> + }
>> +
>> + domain->state = MTWATCH_DOMAIN_UP;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/* Running in the context of default xenwatch kthread. */
>> +void mtwatch_put_domain(domid_t domid)
>> +{
>> + struct mtwatch_domain *domain;
>> +
>> + spin_lock(&mtwatch_info->domain_lock);
>> +
>> + domain = mtwatch_find_domain(domid);
>> + if (!domain) {
>> + spin_unlock(&mtwatch_info->domain_lock);
>> + pr_err("mtwatch kthread for domid=%d does not exist\n",
>> + domid);
>> + return;
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (atomic_dec_and_test(&domain->refcnt)) {
>> +
>> + hlist_del_rcu(&domain->hash_node);
>> +
>> + if (!domain->task) {
>> + /*
>> + * As the task is failed to initialize during
>> + * mtwatch_create_domain(), we do not need to wait
>> + * for the kernel thread to complete.
>> + */
>> + list_del_rcu(&domain->list_node);
>> + call_rcu(&domain->rcu, delayed_destroy_domain);
>> + } else {
>> + spin_lock(&domain->events_lock);
>> + domain->state = MTWATCH_DOMAIN_DOWN;
>> + spin_unlock(&domain->events_lock);
>> +
>> + wake_up(&domain->events_wq);
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> + spin_unlock(&mtwatch_info->domain_lock);
>> +}
>> +
>> static void xs_suspend_enter(void)
>> {
>> spin_lock(&xs_state_lock);
>> @@ -793,6 +988,80 @@ int register_xenbus_watch(struct xenbus_watch *watch)
>> }
>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_xenbus_watch);
>>
>> +static void __unregister_single_mtwatch(struct xenbus_watch *watch,
>> + struct mtwatch_domain *domain)
>> +{
>> + struct xs_watch_event *event, *tmp;
>> +
>> + if (current->pid != domain->pid)
>> + mutex_lock(&domain->domain_mutex);
>
> Since you avoid the lock here, what's to stop another thread with a different pid now racing with this?
>
> Paul


Here I copy the code from unregister_xenbus_watch(). I think we can assume the
caller would not unregister the same xenbus_watch twice (otherwise, the default
unregister_xenbus_watch() would hit this issue as well)?

When a watch is unregistered, it is processed either in the context of a
xenwatch thread or any other thread/context.

When we avoid the lock here, it indicatew the watch un-registration is processed
by a specific xenwatch thread and no one would race with it.

Dongli Zhang


>
>> +
>> + spin_lock(&domain->events_lock);
>> + list_for_each_entry_safe(event, tmp,
>> + &domain->events, list) {
>> + if (event->handle != watch)
>> + continue;
>> + list_del(&event->list);
>> + kfree(event);
>> + }
>> + spin_unlock(&domain->events_lock);
>> +
>> + if (current->pid != domain->pid)
>> + mutex_unlock(&domain->domain_mutex);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void unregister_single_mtwatch(struct xenbus_watch *watch,
>> + domid_t domid)
>> +{
>> + struct mtwatch_domain *domain;
>> + bool found = false;
>> +
>> + rcu_read_lock();
>> +
>> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(domain, &mtwatch_info->domain_list,
>> + list_node) {
>> + if (domain->domid == domid) {
>> + found = true;
>> + __unregister_single_mtwatch(watch, domain);
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> + WARN_ON_ONCE(unlikely(!found));
>> +
>> + rcu_read_unlock();
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void unregister_all_mtwatch(struct xenbus_watch *watch)
>> +{
>> + struct mtwatch_domain *domain;
>> +
>> + rcu_read_lock();
>> +
>> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(domain, &mtwatch_info->domain_list,
>> + list_node) {
>> + __unregister_single_mtwatch(watch, domain);
>> + }
>> +
>> + rcu_read_unlock();
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void unregister_mtwatch(struct xenbus_watch *watch)
>> +{
>> + /*
>> + * Generally, to unregister a watch. we need to traverse all
>> + * mtwatch domains to remove all inflight pending watch events for
>> + * such watch.
>> + *
>> + * One exception is we only need to remove pending watch events
>> + * from a single mtwatch domain when the watch is registered for a
>> + * specific domid.
>> + */
>> + if (watch->owner_id)
>> + unregister_single_mtwatch(watch, watch->owner_id);
>> + else
>> + unregister_all_mtwatch(watch);
>> +}
>> +
>> void unregister_xenbus_watch(struct xenbus_watch *watch)
>> {
>> struct xs_watch_event *event, *tmp;
>> @@ -831,6 +1100,9 @@ void unregister_xenbus_watch(struct xenbus_watch
>> *watch)
>>
>> if (current->pid != xenwatch_pid)
>> mutex_unlock(&xenwatch_mutex);
>> +
>> + if (xen_mtwatch && watch->get_domid)
>> + unregister_mtwatch(watch);
>> }
>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_xenbus_watch);
>>
>> @@ -954,6 +1226,7 @@ int xs_init(void)
>>
>> spin_lock_init(&mtwatch_info->purge_lock);
>> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mtwatch_info->purge_list);
>> + INIT_WORK(&mtwatch_info->purge_work,
>> xen_mtwatch_purge_domain);
>>
>> xen_mtwatch = true;
>>
>> diff --git a/include/xen/xenbus.h b/include/xen/xenbus.h
>> index e807114..4ac2cee 100644
>> --- a/include/xen/xenbus.h
>> +++ b/include/xen/xenbus.h
>> @@ -241,6 +241,9 @@ extern const struct file_operations xen_xenbus_fops;
>> extern struct xenstore_domain_interface *xen_store_interface;
>> extern int xen_store_evtchn;
>>
>> +void mtwatch_create_domain(domid_t domid);
>> +void mtwatch_put_domain(domid_t domid);
>> +
>> extern bool xen_mtwatch;
>>
>> #define MTWATCH_HASH_SIZE 256
>> --
>> 2.7.4
>
>
> _______________________________________________
> Xen-devel mailing list
> Xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org
> https://lists.xenproject.org/mailman/listinfo/xen-devel
>

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