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SubjectRe: [PATCH v14 06/16] of/fdt: add helper functions for handling properties
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I was re-reading this while answering a later email in the thread.  After reading
other patches in the series that were not sent to me, I have a better understanding
of the intent behind this patch, and some changes to my previous reply.

The intent of the helper functions is related to properties whose values are
tuples of the same format as the "reg" property of the "/memory" nodes. For
example, the "linux,usable-memory-range" and "linux,elfcoredhr" properties of
the "/chosen" node.

The patch header and the function names should be updated to reflect this intent.
This means most or all of my previous suggested function name changes are no longer
useful.

Please add devicetree@vger.kernel.org to the next version of this patch and to
the patches that use the functions in this patch.


On 09/07/18 12:53, Frank Rowand wrote:
> On 09/07/18 01:00, AKASHI Takahiro wrote:
>> These functions will be used later to handle kexec-specific properties
>> in arm64's kexec_file implementation.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>
>> Cc: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>
>> Cc: Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>
>> ---
>> drivers/of/fdt.c | 62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>> include/linux/of_fdt.h | 10 +++++--
>> 2 files changed, 68 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/of/fdt.c b/drivers/of/fdt.c
>> index 800ad252cf9c..dc960cea1355 100644
>> --- a/drivers/of/fdt.c
>> +++ b/drivers/of/fdt.c
>> @@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
>> #include <linux/debugfs.h>
>> #include <linux/serial_core.h>
>> #include <linux/sysfs.h>
>> +#include <linux/types.h>
>>
>> #include <asm/setup.h> /* for COMMAND_LINE_SIZE */
>> #include <asm/page.h>
>> @@ -537,8 +538,8 @@ void *of_fdt_unflatten_tree(const unsigned long *blob,
>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(of_fdt_unflatten_tree);
>>
>> /* Everything below here references initial_boot_params directly. */
>> -int __initdata dt_root_addr_cells;
>> -int __initdata dt_root_size_cells;
>> +int dt_root_addr_cells;
>> +int dt_root_size_cells;
>>
>> void *initial_boot_params;
>>
>> @@ -1323,3 +1324,60 @@ late_initcall(of_fdt_raw_init);
>> #endif
>>
>> #endif /* CONFIG_OF_EARLY_FLATTREE */
>> +

Global comment: this code should not be using the variables
dt_root_addr_cells and dt_root_size_cells. These variables are
__initdata.

The code that is using these helpers is acting upon a specific FDT
(copied from initial_boot_params). This code should be getting the
values of the root node's "#address-cells" and "#size-cells" from
the FDT.


> Please add comment:
>
> /* helper functions for arm64 kexec */
>
>
>> +bool of_fdt_cells_size_fitted(u64 base, u64 size)
>
> Please rename as of_fdt_range_valid()

I'm not entirely sure of what the caller in 12/16 is trying to ensure
with this function.

(1) At the minimum (and what the implementation in of_fdt_cells_size_fitted()
does) is make sure that an address and size tuple are consistent with
the root properties "#address-cells" and "#size-cells".

The caller in 12/16 is using this check to validate values for the
properties "linux,elfcorehdr" and "linux,usable-memory-range".

(2) A more complete check _might_ be to ensure that the values also
specify memory that is available to the kernel. This memory is described
by the "reg" property of one or more "/memory" nodes.

This second check is probably what is actually desired.

One possible issue to note is that the binding for "linux,usable-memory-range"
suggests that available memory could be described by an EFI memory map.
I am not familiar with how or when an EFI memory map might exist instead
of the "/memory" nodes.


>> +{
>> + /* if *_cells >= 2, cells can hold 64-bit values anyway */
>> + if ((dt_root_addr_cells == 1) && (base > U32_MAX))
>> + return false;
>> +
>> + if ((dt_root_size_cells == 1) && (size > U32_MAX))
>> + return false;
>
> Should also check that base + size does not wrap around.
>
>
>> +
>> + return true;
>> +}
>> +
>> +size_t of_fdt_reg_cells_size(void)
>
> Please rename as of_fdt_root_range_size()

Even better would be to remove this function and replace the one place
that it is called from with the one line of code in this function.

-Frank


>> +{
>> + return (dt_root_addr_cells + dt_root_size_cells) * sizeof(u32);
>> +}
>> +
>> +#define FDT_ALIGN(x, a) (((x) + (a) - 1) & ~((a) - 1))
>> +#define FDT_TAGALIGN(x) (FDT_ALIGN((x), FDT_TAGSIZE))
>> +
>> +int fdt_prop_len(const char *prop_name, int len)
>
> Please rename as fdt_len_added_prop()
>
>
>> +{
>> + return (strlen(prop_name) + 1) +
>> + sizeof(struct fdt_property) +
>> + FDT_TAGALIGN(len);
>> +}
>> +
>
> Please add comment, something like:
>
> /* cells must be 1 or 2 */
>
>
>> +static void fill_property(void *buf, u64 val64, int cells)
>
> Please rename as cpu64_to_fdt_cells()
>
> Thanks,
>
> Frank
>
>> +{
>> + __be32 val32;
>> +
>> + while (cells) {
>> + val32 = cpu_to_fdt32((val64 >> (32 * (--cells))) & U32_MAX);
>> + memcpy(buf, &val32, sizeof(val32));
>> + buf += sizeof(val32);
>> + }
>> +}
>> +
>> +int fdt_setprop_reg(void *fdt, int nodeoffset, const char *name,
>> + u64 addr, u64 size)
>> +{
>> + char buf[sizeof(__be32) * 2 * 2];
>> + /* assume dt_root_[addr|size]_cells <= 2 */
>> + void *prop;
>> + size_t buf_size;
>> +
>> + buf_size = of_fdt_reg_cells_size();
>> + prop = buf;
>> +
>> + fill_property(prop, addr, dt_root_addr_cells);
>> + prop += dt_root_addr_cells * sizeof(u32);
>> +
>> + fill_property(prop, size, dt_root_size_cells);
>> +
>> + return fdt_setprop(fdt, nodeoffset, name, buf, buf_size);
>> +}
>> diff --git a/include/linux/of_fdt.h b/include/linux/of_fdt.h
>> index b9cd9ebdf9b9..9615d6142578 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/of_fdt.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/of_fdt.h
>> @@ -37,8 +37,8 @@ extern void *of_fdt_unflatten_tree(const unsigned long *blob,
>> struct device_node **mynodes);
>>
>> /* TBD: Temporary export of fdt globals - remove when code fully merged */
>> -extern int __initdata dt_root_addr_cells;
>> -extern int __initdata dt_root_size_cells;
>> +extern int dt_root_addr_cells;
>> +extern int dt_root_size_cells;
>> extern void *initial_boot_params;
>>
>> extern char __dtb_start[];
>> @@ -108,5 +108,11 @@ static inline void unflatten_device_tree(void) {}
>> static inline void unflatten_and_copy_device_tree(void) {}
>> #endif /* CONFIG_OF_EARLY_FLATTREE */
>>
>> +bool of_fdt_cells_size_fitted(u64 base, u64 size);
>> +size_t of_fdt_reg_cells_size(void);
>> +int fdt_prop_len(const char *prop_name, int len);
>> +int fdt_setprop_reg(void *fdt, int nodeoffset, const char *name,
>> + u64 addr, u64 size);
>> +
>> #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
>> #endif /* _LINUX_OF_FDT_H */
>>
>
>

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