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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2 1/3] drm/fourcc: Add 'bpp' field for formats with non-integer bytes-per-pixel
On Wed, Sep 12, 2018 at 5:27 PM, Liviu Dudau <liviu.dudau@arm.com> wrote:
> On Mon, Sep 10, 2018 at 09:53:25PM +0200, Daniel Vetter wrote:
>> On Mon, Sep 10, 2018 at 09:50:03AM +0100, Brian Starkey wrote:
>> > Hi,
>> >
>> > On Fri, Sep 07, 2018 at 09:28:44PM +0200, Daniel Vetter wrote:
>> > > On Fri, Sep 07, 2018 at 01:45:36PM +0100, Brian Starkey wrote:
>> > > > Hi Daniel,
>> > > >
>> > > > On Fri, Aug 31, 2018 at 10:17:30AM +0200, Daniel Vetter wrote:
>> > > > > On Thu, Aug 23, 2018 at 04:23:41PM +0100, Brian Starkey wrote:
>> > > > > > Some formats have a non-integer number of bytes per pixel, which can't
>> > > > > > be handled with the existing 'cpp' field in drm_format_info. To handle
>> > > > > > these formats, add a 'bpp' field, which is only used if cpp[0] == 0.
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > This updates all the users of format->cpp in the core DRM code,
>> > > > > > converting them to use a new function to get the bits-per-pixel for any
>> > > > > > format.
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > It's assumed that drivers will use the 'bpp' field when they add support
>> > > > > > for pixel formats with non-integer bytes-per-pixel.
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > Signed-off-by: Brian Starkey <brian.starkey@arm.com>
>> > > > >
>> > > > > I assume you still require that stuff is eventually aligned to bytes? In
>> > > > > that case, can we subsume this into the tile work Alex is doing? It's
>> > > > > essentially just another special case of having storage-size units
>> > > > > measured in bytes which span more than 1x1 pixel. And I kinda don't want a
>> > > > > metric pile of special cases here in the format code, because that just
>> > > > > means every driver handles a different subset, with different bugs.
>> > > > > -Daniel
>> > > >
>> > > > Sorry for the delay, been struggling to free some cycles to think
>> > > > about this.
>> > > >
>> > > > I'm not sure how to pull this in with the tiling stuff. In the AFBC
>> > > > case then our AFBC superblocks are always nice round numbers (256
>> > > > pixels), and so it does end up being a multiple of bytes.
>> > > >
>> > > > However, AFBC supports different superblock sizes, so picking just one
>> > > > doesn't really work out, and putting AFBC in the core format table
>> > > > which reflects AFBC doesn't seem good.
>> > > >
>> > > > We could make something up (e.g. call these formats "tiled" with 2x4
>> > > > tiles, which guarantees a multiple of 8), but it would be an
>> > > > arbitrarily-selected lie, which often seems to spell trouble. If we
>> > > > did do that, would you re-define cpp as "bytes-per-tile"? Otherwise
>> > > > we still need to add a new field anyway.
>> > > >
>> > > > What's the pile of special cases you're worried about? The helper I've
>> > > > added here means that drivers which need to care can use one API and
>> > > > not implement their own bugs.
>> > >
>> > > I'm confused ... the new bits-per-pixel stuff you're adding here is for
>> > > yuv formats, not afbc. I'm just suggesting we have only 1 way of
>> > > describing such formats that need more descriptive power than cpp, whether
>> > > they have some kind of pixel-groups or small tiles.
>> >
>> > Well, not really. The three formats which have non-integer cpp are:
>> > DRM_FORMAT_VUY101010, DRM_FORMAT_YUV420_8BIT and
>> > DRM_FORMAT_YUV420_10BIT. These formats are only valid with non-linear
>> > modifiers (no linear encoding is defined). Mali only supports them
>> > with AFBC.
>> >
>> > The formats themselves have no notion of tiling or grouping - the
>> > modifier adds that. I'm not aware of any non-AFBC uses of these
>> > formats, so I don't want to "make up" a small-tile layout restriction
>> > for them.
>>
>> Ah, I missed that.
>>
>> > > For very special stuff like afbc you need to validate in the driver
>> > > anyway, too complicated. So I have no idea why you bring this up here?
>> >
>> > Sure, we can just let drivers provide their own format_info's for
>> > these, if that's what you prefer. The core format checking code can
>> > error out if it ever encounters them.
>>
>> It's format_info we're talking about. What I mean is that you just set all
>> these to 0 and let the format_info code ignore it. And then having a
>> bespoke drm_format_check_afbc helper function or similar, which checks all
>> the layout restrictions of afbc.
>>
>> I still maintain that bpp and tile_size are equavalent, and we really
>> don't need both. Both are defacto a form of numerator/denumerator. If you
>> don't like that you have to introduce "fake" tiles for afbc, then we can
>> rename tile_size to numerator and tile_h/w to denumerator_h/w. Doesn't
>> change one bit of the math. bpp simply hardcodes a denumerator of 8, and I
>> don't see why we need that special case. Except if you love to write
>> redundant self tests for all the math :-)
>
> My $.02 worth of thoughts:
>
> I get the fact that Daniel doesn't like us to add 3 new variables into
> format_info (bpp, tile_w, tile_h) and that adding a "bits_per_unit"
> variable should be able to take care of linear (where unit = 1 pixel)
> and tiled (where unit = tile_w * tile_h pixels) formats. And I also see
> Daniel's option 2 below, where he says it is reasonable to check AFBC
> without using format_info.
>
> However, the problem we are trying to solve is 2 fold: we are trying to
> calculate the size of the framebuffer (and the "bits_per_unit" or
> Brian's bpp is useful for that), but we also try to validate the sizes
> passed by userspace based on the drm_fourcc.h+modifier info. In that
> case, the driver still needs to store somewhere the tile_w/tile_h for
> that given format in order to check that the stride is a whole multiple
> of tile sizes, so we thought that putting it in format_info is not
> entirely pointless, because others might use those variables in order to
> do their driver specific validation, without creating new structures.
>
> Did I capture the discussion correctly? If so, can we agree that it is
> not just the framebuffer size calculation that matters and that tiled
> formats validation requires a tile_w/tile_h info, therefore Alex's
> patches and Brian's need to be discussed separately (so that we can
> bikeshed on whether format_info is the right place or not)?

I dont think this captures the gist of what I have in mind. I've laid
out the math in another reply. What I don't want is to add bpp and
tile_size/h/w, because that's redundant, and you can express any bpp
value in terms of tile_size/w. We should probably also throw out cpp,
but that's a bit more involved (well, just need a wrapper to compute
cpp and then a cocci script and done).
-Daniel

> Best regards,
> Liviu
>
>>
>> So two options that I think are reasonable:
>> - one common numerator/denumerator. I don't care how you call that
>> bikeshed.
>> - don't check afbc using format_info, have your own helper that does that
>> using custom code.
>>
>> Cheers, Daniel
>>
>> > Cheers,
>> > -Brian
>> >
>> > > -Daniel
>> > >
>> > > >
>> > > > Cheers,
>> > > > -Brian
>> > > >
>> > > > >
>> > > > > > ---
>> > > > > > drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fb_cma_helper.c | 6 +++-
>> > > > > > drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fb_helper.c | 8 +++--
>> > > > > > drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fourcc.c | 50 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> > > > > > drivers/gpu/drm/drm_framebuffer.c | 8 ++---
>> > > > > > drivers/gpu/drm/drm_gem_framebuffer_helper.c | 3 +-
>> > > > > > include/drm/drm_fourcc.h | 4 +++
>> > > > > > 6 files changed, 70 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fb_cma_helper.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fb_cma_helper.c
>> > > > > > index 186d00adfb5f..e279d70d3e60 100644
>> > > > > > --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fb_cma_helper.c
>> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fb_cma_helper.c
>> > > > > > @@ -118,13 +118,17 @@ dma_addr_t drm_fb_cma_get_gem_addr(struct drm_framebuffer *fb,
>> > > > > > {
>> > > > > > struct drm_gem_cma_object *obj;
>> > > > > > dma_addr_t paddr;
>> > > > > > + u8 bpp = drm_format_info_plane_bpp(fb->format, plane);
>> > > > > > +
>> > > > > > + /* This can't work for non-integer bytes-per-pixel */
>> > > > > > + WARN_ON(bpp % 8);
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > obj = drm_fb_cma_get_gem_obj(fb, plane);
>> > > > > > if (!obj)
>> > > > > > return 0;
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > paddr = obj->paddr + fb->offsets[plane];
>> > > > > > - paddr += fb->format->cpp[plane] * (state->src_x >> 16);
>> > > > > > + paddr += (bpp / 8) * (state->src_x >> 16);
>> > > > > > paddr += fb->pitches[plane] * (state->src_y >> 16);
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > return paddr;
>> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fb_helper.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fb_helper.c
>> > > > > > index 0646b108030b..ab369f250af4 100644
>> > > > > > --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fb_helper.c
>> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fb_helper.c
>> > > > > > @@ -1572,6 +1572,7 @@ int drm_fb_helper_check_var(struct fb_var_screeninfo *var,
>> > > > > > struct drm_fb_helper *fb_helper = info->par;
>> > > > > > struct drm_framebuffer *fb = fb_helper->fb;
>> > > > > > int depth;
>> > > > > > + u8 bpp = drm_format_info_plane_bpp(fb->format, 0);
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > if (var->pixclock != 0 || in_dbg_master())
>> > > > > > return -EINVAL;
>> > > > > > @@ -1580,14 +1581,14 @@ int drm_fb_helper_check_var(struct fb_var_screeninfo *var,
>> > > > > > * Changes struct fb_var_screeninfo are currently not pushed back
>> > > > > > * to KMS, hence fail if different settings are requested.
>> > > > > > */
>> > > > > > - if (var->bits_per_pixel != fb->format->cpp[0] * 8 ||
>> > > > > > + if (var->bits_per_pixel != bpp ||
>> > > > > > var->xres > fb->width || var->yres > fb->height ||
>> > > > > > var->xres_virtual > fb->width || var->yres_virtual > fb->height) {
>> > > > > > DRM_DEBUG("fb requested width/height/bpp can't fit in current fb "
>> > > > > > "request %dx%d-%d (virtual %dx%d) > %dx%d-%d\n",
>> > > > > > var->xres, var->yres, var->bits_per_pixel,
>> > > > > > var->xres_virtual, var->yres_virtual,
>> > > > > > - fb->width, fb->height, fb->format->cpp[0] * 8);
>> > > > > > + fb->width, fb->height, bpp);
>> > > > > > return -EINVAL;
>> > > > > > }
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > @@ -1949,11 +1950,12 @@ void drm_fb_helper_fill_var(struct fb_info *info, struct drm_fb_helper *fb_helpe
>> > > > > > uint32_t fb_width, uint32_t fb_height)
>> > > > > > {
>> > > > > > struct drm_framebuffer *fb = fb_helper->fb;
>> > > > > > + u8 bpp = drm_format_info_plane_bpp(fb->format, 0);
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > info->pseudo_palette = fb_helper->pseudo_palette;
>> > > > > > info->var.xres_virtual = fb->width;
>> > > > > > info->var.yres_virtual = fb->height;
>> > > > > > - info->var.bits_per_pixel = fb->format->cpp[0] * 8;
>> > > > > > + info->var.bits_per_pixel = bpp;
>> > > > > > info->var.accel_flags = FB_ACCELF_TEXT;
>> > > > > > info->var.xoffset = 0;
>> > > > > > info->var.yoffset = 0;
>> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fourcc.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fourcc.c
>> > > > > > index 3b42c25bd58d..bb28919c32f3 100644
>> > > > > > --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fourcc.c
>> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fourcc.c
>> > > > > > @@ -272,10 +272,60 @@ int drm_format_plane_cpp(uint32_t format, int plane)
>> > > > > > if (!info || plane >= info->num_planes)
>> > > > > > return 0;
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > + /*
>> > > > > > + * Not valid for formats with non-integer cpp,
>> > > > > > + * use drm_format{_info}_plane_bpp instead
>> > > > > > + */
>> > > > > > + WARN_ON(!info->cpp[0]);
>> > > > > > +
>> > > > > > return info->cpp[plane];
>> > > > > > }
>> > > > > > EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_format_plane_cpp);
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > +/**
>> > > > > > + * drm_format_plane_bpp - determine the bits per pixel value
>> > > > > > + * @format: pixel format (DRM_FORMAT_*)
>> > > > > > + * @plane: plane index
>> > > > > > + *
>> > > > > > + * Returns:
>> > > > > > + * The bits per pixel value for the specified plane.
>> > > > > > + */
>> > > > > > +int drm_format_plane_bpp(uint32_t format, int plane)
>> > > > > > +{
>> > > > > > + const struct drm_format_info *info;
>> > > > > > +
>> > > > > > + info = drm_format_info(format);
>> > > > > > + if (!info)
>> > > > > > + return 0;
>> > > > > > +
>> > > > > > + return drm_format_info_plane_bpp(info, plane);
>> > > > > > +}
>> > > > > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_format_plane_bpp);
>> > > > > > +
>> > > > > > +/**
>> > > > > > + * drm_format_info_plane_bpp - determine the bits per pixel value
>> > > > > > + *
>> > > > > > + * Convenience function which handles formats with both integer
>> > > > > > + * and non-integer bytes-per-pixel.
>> > > > > > + *
>> > > > > > + * @format: pixel format info structure
>> > > > > > + * @plane: plane index
>> > > > > > + *
>> > > > > > + * Returns:
>> > > > > > + * The bits per pixel value for the specified plane.
>> > > > > > + */
>> > > > > > +int drm_format_info_plane_bpp(const struct drm_format_info *info, int plane)
>> > > > > > +{
>> > > > > > + if (plane >= info->num_planes)
>> > > > > > + return 0;
>> > > > > > +
>> > > > > > + if (info->cpp[0])
>> > > > > > + return info->cpp[plane] * 8;
>> > > > > > +
>> > > > > > + return info->bpp[plane];
>> > > > > > +}
>> > > > > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_format_info_plane_bpp);
>> > > > > > +
>> > > > > > /**
>> > > > > > * drm_format_horz_chroma_subsampling - get the horizontal chroma subsampling factor
>> > > > > > * @format: pixel format (DRM_FORMAT_*)
>> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_framebuffer.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_framebuffer.c
>> > > > > > index 8c4d32adcc17..7e00360ff70d 100644
>> > > > > > --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_framebuffer.c
>> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_framebuffer.c
>> > > > > > @@ -185,20 +185,20 @@ static int framebuffer_check(struct drm_device *dev,
>> > > > > > for (i = 0; i < info->num_planes; i++) {
>> > > > > > unsigned int width = fb_plane_width(r->width, info, i);
>> > > > > > unsigned int height = fb_plane_height(r->height, info, i);
>> > > > > > - unsigned int cpp = info->cpp[i];
>> > > > > > + unsigned int bpp = drm_format_info_plane_bpp(info, i);
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > if (!r->handles[i]) {
>> > > > > > DRM_DEBUG_KMS("no buffer object handle for plane %d\n", i);
>> > > > > > return -EINVAL;
>> > > > > > }
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > - if ((uint64_t) width * cpp > UINT_MAX)
>> > > > > > + if ((uint64_t) DIV_ROUND_UP(width * bpp, 8) > UINT_MAX)
>> > > > > > return -ERANGE;
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > if ((uint64_t) height * r->pitches[i] + r->offsets[i] > UINT_MAX)
>> > > > > > return -ERANGE;
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > - if (r->pitches[i] < width * cpp) {
>> > > > > > + if ((uint64_t) r->pitches[i] * 8 < (uint64_t) width * bpp) {
>> > > > > > DRM_DEBUG_KMS("bad pitch %u for plane %d\n", r->pitches[i], i);
>> > > > > > return -EINVAL;
>> > > > > > }
>> > > > > > @@ -476,7 +476,7 @@ int drm_mode_getfb(struct drm_device *dev,
>> > > > > > r->height = fb->height;
>> > > > > > r->width = fb->width;
>> > > > > > r->depth = fb->format->depth;
>> > > > > > - r->bpp = fb->format->cpp[0] * 8;
>> > > > > > + r->bpp = drm_format_info_plane_bpp(fb->format, 0);
>> > > > > > r->pitch = fb->pitches[0];
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > /* GET_FB() is an unprivileged ioctl so we must not return a
>> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_gem_framebuffer_helper.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_gem_framebuffer_helper.c
>> > > > > > index acfbc0641a06..dfe224ccaeba 100644
>> > > > > > --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_gem_framebuffer_helper.c
>> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_gem_framebuffer_helper.c
>> > > > > > @@ -161,6 +161,7 @@ drm_gem_fb_create_with_funcs(struct drm_device *dev, struct drm_file *file,
>> > > > > > unsigned int width = mode_cmd->width / (i ? info->hsub : 1);
>> > > > > > unsigned int height = mode_cmd->height / (i ? info->vsub : 1);
>> > > > > > unsigned int min_size;
>> > > > > > + u8 bpp = drm_format_info_plane_bpp(fb->format, i);
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > objs[i] = drm_gem_object_lookup(file, mode_cmd->handles[i]);
>> > > > > > if (!objs[i]) {
>> > > > > > @@ -170,7 +171,7 @@ drm_gem_fb_create_with_funcs(struct drm_device *dev, struct drm_file *file,
>> > > > > > }
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > min_size = (height - 1) * mode_cmd->pitches[i]
>> > > > > > - + width * info->cpp[i]
>> > > > > > + + DIV_ROUND_UP(width * bpp, 8)
>> > > > > > + mode_cmd->offsets[i];
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > if (objs[i]->size < min_size) {
>> > > > > > diff --git a/include/drm/drm_fourcc.h b/include/drm/drm_fourcc.h
>> > > > > > index 3e86408dac9f..d4af4dab1623 100644
>> > > > > > --- a/include/drm/drm_fourcc.h
>> > > > > > +++ b/include/drm/drm_fourcc.h
>> > > > > > @@ -36,6 +36,7 @@ struct drm_mode_fb_cmd2;
>> > > > > > * use in new code and set to 0 for new formats.
>> > > > > > * @num_planes: Number of color planes (1 to 3)
>> > > > > > * @cpp: Number of bytes per pixel (per plane)
>> > > > > > + * @bpp: Number of bits per pixel (per plane), only valid if cpp[0] == 0.
>> > > > > > * @hsub: Horizontal chroma subsampling factor
>> > > > > > * @vsub: Vertical chroma subsampling factor
>> > > > > > * @has_alpha: Does the format embeds an alpha component?
>> > > > > > @@ -45,6 +46,7 @@ struct drm_format_info {
>> > > > > > u8 depth;
>> > > > > > u8 num_planes;
>> > > > > > u8 cpp[3];
>> > > > > > + u8 bpp[3];
>> > > > > > u8 hsub;
>> > > > > > u8 vsub;
>> > > > > > bool has_alpha;
>> > > > > > @@ -66,6 +68,8 @@ drm_get_format_info(struct drm_device *dev,
>> > > > > > uint32_t drm_mode_legacy_fb_format(uint32_t bpp, uint32_t depth);
>> > > > > > int drm_format_num_planes(uint32_t format);
>> > > > > > int drm_format_plane_cpp(uint32_t format, int plane);
>> > > > > > +int drm_format_plane_bpp(uint32_t format, int plane);
>> > > > > > +int drm_format_info_plane_bpp(const struct drm_format_info *format, int plane);
>> > > > > > int drm_format_horz_chroma_subsampling(uint32_t format);
>> > > > > > int drm_format_vert_chroma_subsampling(uint32_t format);
>> > > > > > int drm_format_plane_width(int width, uint32_t format, int plane);
>> > > > > > --
>> > > > > > 2.16.1
>> > > > > >
>> > > > >
>> > > > > --
>> > > > > Daniel Vetter
>> > > > > Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
>> > > > > http://blog.ffwll.ch
>> > >
>> > > --
>> > > Daniel Vetter
>> > > Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
>> > > http://blog.ffwll.ch
>> > _______________________________________________
>> > dri-devel mailing list
>> > dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
>> > https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/dri-devel
>>
>> --
>> Daniel Vetter
>> Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
>> http://blog.ffwll.ch
>
> --
> ====================
> | I would like to |
> | fix the world, |
> | but they're not |
> | giving me the |
> \ source code! /
> ---------------
> ¯\_(ツ)_/¯
> _______________________________________________
> dri-devel mailing list
> dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
> https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/dri-devel



--
Daniel Vetter
Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
+41 (0) 79 365 57 48 - http://blog.ffwll.ch

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