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SubjectRe: [PATCH V6 0/2] Add efi page fault handler to recover from page
On 11 September 2018 at 21:15, Sai Praneeth Prakhya
<sai.praneeth.prakhya@intel.com> wrote:
> From: Sai Praneeth <sai.praneeth.prakhya@intel.com>
>
> There may exist some buggy UEFI firmware implementations that access efi
> memory regions other than EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES_<CODE/DATA> even after
> the kernel has assumed control of the platform. This violates UEFI
> specification. Hence, provide a efi specific page fault handler which
> recovers from page faults caused by buggy firmware.
>
> Page faults triggered by firmware happen at ring 0 and if unhandled,
> hangs the kernel. So, provide an efi specific page fault handler to:
> 1. Avoid panics/hangs caused by buggy firmware.
> 2. Shout loud that the firmware is buggy and hence is not a kernel bug.
>
> The efi page fault handler will check if the access is by
> efi_reset_system().
> 1. If so, then the efi page fault handler will reboot the machine
> through BIOS and not through efi_reset_system().
> 2. If not, then the efi page fault handler will freeze efi_rts_wq and
> schedules a new process.
>
> This issue was reported by Al Stone when he saw that reboot via EFI hangs
> the machine. Upon debugging, I found that it's efi_reset_system() that's
> touching memory regions which it shouldn't. To reproduce the same
> behavior, I have hacked OVMF and made efi_reset_system() buggy. Along
> with efi_reset_system(), I have also modified get_next_high_mono_count()
> and set_virtual_address_map(). They illegally access both boot time and
> other efi regions.
>
> Testing the patch set:
> ----------------------
> 1. Download buggy firmware from here [1].
> 2. Run a qemu instance with this buggy BIOS and boot mainline kernel.
> Add reboot=efi to the kernel command line arguments and after the kernel
> is up and running, type "reboot". The kernel should hang while rebooting.
> 3. With the same setup, boot kernel after applying patches and the
> reboot should work fine. Also please notice warning/error messages
> printed by kernel.
>

Did you test these patches with other buggy runtime services?

> Changes from RFC to V1:
> -----------------------
> 1. Drop "long jump" technique of dealing with illegal access and instead
> use scheduling away from efi_rts_wq.
>
> Changes from V1 to V2:
> ----------------------
> 1. Shortened config name to CONFIG_EFI_WARN_ON_ILLEGAL_ACCESS from
> CONFIG_EFI_WARN_ON_ILLEGAL_ACCESSES.
> 2. Made the config option available only to expert users.
> 3. efi_free_boot_services() should be called only when
> CONFIG_EFI_WARN_ON_ILLEGAL_ACCESS is not enabled. Previously, this
> was part of init/main.c file. As it is an architecture agnostic code,
> moved the change to arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c file.
>
> Changes from V2 to V3:
> ----------------------
> 1. Drop treating illegal access to EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_<CODE/DATA> regions
> separately from illegal accesses to other regions like
> EFI_CONVENTIONAL_MEMORY or EFI_LOADER_<CODE/DATA>.
> In previous versions, illegal access to EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_<CODE/DATA>
> regions were handled by mapping requested region to efi_pgd but from
> V3 they are handled similar to illegal access to other regions i.e by
> freezing efi_rts_wq and scheduling new process.
> 2. Change __efi_init_fixup attribute to __efi_init.
>
> Changes from V3 to V4:
> ----------------------
> 1. Drop saving original memory map passed by kernel. It also means less
> checks in efi page fault handler.
> 2. Change the config name to EFI_PAGE_FAULT_HANDLER to reflect it's
> functionality more appropriately.
>
> Changes from V4 to V5:
> ----------------------
> 1. Drop config option that enables efi page fault handler, instead make
> it default.
> 2. Call schedule() in an infinite loop to account for spurious wake ups.
> 3. Introduce "NONE" as an efi runtime service function identifier so that
> it could be used in efi_recover_from_page_fault() to check if the page
> fault was indeed triggered by an efi runtime service.
>
> Changes from V5 to V6:
> ----------------------
> 1. Thanks to 0-day for reporting build error when CONFIG_EFI is not
> enabled. Fixed it by calling efi page fault handler only when
> CONFIG_EFI is enabled.
> 2. Change return type of efi page fault handler from int to void. void
> return type should do (and int is not needed) because the efi page
> fault handler returns only upon a failure to handle page fault.
>
> Note:
> -----
> Patch set based on "next" branch in efi tree.
>
> [1] https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1VozKTms92ifyVHAT0ZDQe55ZYL1UE5wt
>
> Sai Praneeth (2):
> efi: Make efi_rts_work accessible to efi page fault handler
> x86/efi: Add efi page fault handler to recover from page faults caused
> by the firmware
>
> arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h | 1 +
> arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 9 ++++
> arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c | 78 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/firmware/efi/runtime-wrappers.c | 61 +++++++-------------------
> include/linux/efi.h | 42 ++++++++++++++++++
> 5 files changed, 147 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)
>
> Tested-by: Bhupesh Sharma <bhsharma@redhat.com>
> Suggested-by: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>
> Based-on-code-from: Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Sai Praneeth Prakhya <sai.praneeth.prakhya@intel.com>
> Cc: Al Stone <astone@redhat.com>
> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
> Cc: Bhupesh Sharma <bhsharma@redhat.com>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
>
> --
> 2.7.4
>

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