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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 02/16] sched/core: uclamp: map TASK's clamp values into CPU's clamp groups
On Tue, Aug 28, 2018 at 02:53:10PM +0100, Patrick Bellasi wrote:
> +/**
> + * Utilization's clamp group
> + *
> + * A utilization clamp group maps a "clamp value" (value), i.e.
> + * util_{min,max}, to a "clamp group index" (group_id).
> + */
> +struct uclamp_se {
> + unsigned int value;
> + unsigned int group_id;
> +};

> +/**
> + * uclamp_map: reference counts a utilization "clamp value"
> + * @value: the utilization "clamp value" required
> + * @se_count: the number of scheduling entities requiring the "clamp value"
> + * @se_lock: serialize reference count updates by protecting se_count

Why do you have a spinlock to serialize a single value? Don't we have
atomics for that?

> + */
> +struct uclamp_map {
> + int value;
> + int se_count;
> + raw_spinlock_t se_lock;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * uclamp_maps: maps each SEs "clamp value" into a CPUs "clamp group"
> + *
> + * Since only a limited number of different "clamp values" are supported, we
> + * need to map each different clamp value into a "clamp group" (group_id) to
> + * be used by the per-CPU accounting in the fast-path, when tasks are
> + * enqueued and dequeued.
> + * We also support different kind of utilization clamping, min and max
> + * utilization for example, each representing what we call a "clamp index"
> + * (clamp_id).
> + *
> + * A matrix is thus required to map "clamp values" to "clamp groups"
> + * (group_id), for each "clamp index" (clamp_id), where:
> + * - rows are indexed by clamp_id and they collect the clamp groups for a
> + * given clamp index
> + * - columns are indexed by group_id and they collect the clamp values which
> + * maps to that clamp group
> + *
> + * Thus, the column index of a given (clamp_id, value) pair represents the
> + * clamp group (group_id) used by the fast-path's per-CPU accounting.
> + *
> + * NOTE: first clamp group (group_id=0) is reserved for tracking of non
> + * clamped tasks. Thus we allocate one more slot than the value of
> + * CONFIG_UCLAMP_GROUPS_COUNT.
> + *
> + * Here is the map layout and, right below, how entries are accessed by the
> + * following code.
> + *
> + * uclamp_maps is a matrix of
> + * +------- UCLAMP_CNT by CONFIG_UCLAMP_GROUPS_COUNT+1 entries
> + * | |
> + * | /---------------+---------------\
> + * | +------------+ +------------+
> + * | / UCLAMP_MIN | value | | value |
> + * | | | se_count |...... | se_count |
> + * | | +------------+ +------------+
> + * +--+ +------------+ +------------+
> + * | | value | | value |
> + * \ UCLAMP_MAX | se_count |...... | se_count |
> + * +-----^------+ +----^-------+
> + * | |
> + * uc_map = + |
> + * &uclamp_maps[clamp_id][0] +
> + * clamp_value =
> + * uc_map[group_id].value
> + */
> +static struct uclamp_map uclamp_maps[UCLAMP_CNT]
> + [CONFIG_UCLAMP_GROUPS_COUNT + 1]
> + ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
> +

I'm still completely confused by all this.

sizeof(uclamp_map) = 12

that array is 2*6=12 of those, so the whole thing is 144 bytes. which is
more than 2 (64 byte) cachelines. What's the purpose of that cacheline
align statement?

Note that without that apparently superfluous lock, it would be 8*12 =
96 bytes, which is 1.5 lines and would indeed suggest you default to
GROUP_COUNT=7 by default to fill 2 lines.

Why are the min and max things torn up like that? I'm fairly sure I
asked some of that last time; but the above comments only try to explain
what, not why.

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