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Subject[Announce] sg3_utils-1.43 available
sg3_utils is a package of command line utilities for sending
SCSI commands to storage devices. It some contexts it can
send some ATA and NVMe commands. The package targets the Linux
4, 3, 2.6 and 2.4 kernel series. It has ports to FreeBSD, Android,
Solaris, and Windows (cygwin and MinGW).

For an overview of sg3_utils and downloads see this page:
The sg_ses utility (for enclosure devices) is discussed at:
A full changelog can be found at:

Changelog summary for sg3_utils-1.43 [20180911 rev 789] since
version 1.42 [20160217]

New utilities
- sg_bg_ctl: send Background control command (sbc4r08)
- sg_seek: send SEEK(10) or PRE-FETCH(10 or 16)
- sg_stream_ctl: send STREAM CONTROL or GET STREAM STATUS
- sg_write_x: send either WRITE(n), ORWRITE(n), WRITE ATOMIC(n),
is 16 or 32 which is the length of the cdb

New general options:
- --dry-run option added to utilities that would otherwise modify
user data and potentially take a long time. Utilties that the
--dry-run option has been added to: sg_dd, sg_format, sgm_dd,
sgp_dd, sg_sanitize, sg_ses_microcode, sg_unmap, sg_write_buffer
and sg_write_x
- --timeout=SECS option for extending the default command OS
timeout added to: sg_compare_and_write, sg_format, sg_raw,
sg_sanitize, sg_senddiag, sg_sync, sg_unmap, sg_write_buffer,
sg_write_same, sg_write_verify, and sg_write_x

Take input from file rather than SCSI device
The number of 'decoding' utilities that can take input from a file
rather than a SCSI device has been expanded. This allows data to be
collected as hex or binary files and later analysed. Utilities
that have this facility are: sg_inq, sg_logs, sg_read_attr, sg_ses
and sg_vpd. The sdparm utility, in its own package, decodes mode
pages (and VPD pages) now has this facility while the sg_modes
utility does not.

NVMe support
NVMe have chosen to use the SES-3 standard with the addition
of the NVME-MI SES Send and Receive admin commands. Rather than
modify sg_ses, the underlying library has a small SNTL used when
the given device is a NVMe device. sg_ses (and sg_ses_microcode)
can now be used with a NVMe enclosure. sg_inq decodes part of
the NVME Identify controller and namespace response. sg_raw can
issue NVMe admin commands and sg_senddiag can issue SES Send and
Receive admin commands.

Page align many heap allocations
Both NVMe and certain FreeBSD pass-through calls require page
alignment. So many (but not all) malloc() calls have been replaced
by sg_memalign() which is a front for posix_memalign() if it is
available. Typically the default page size (often 4096 (bytes)) is
used for alignment.

Individual utility additions
- harden code, install by default
- add --ignore-rev to ignore revision change
- sg_dd: add --verbose option; allow multiple short options (e.g. -dvv)
- sgp_dd: pthread_cancel() has issues in C++ (and the Android
multi-threaded library doesn't supply it) so use pthread_kill()
- add --dry-run and --verbose options
- sg_decode sense: add --cdb and --err=ES options
- sg_format: add --quick option to skip reconsideration time
- extend --wait timeout to 40 hours for disk sizes > 4 TB
- sg_get_lba_status: add --report-type= option (sbc4r12)
- add support for 32 byte cdb variant (sbc4r14)
- add support for --element-id= and --scan-len= options (sbc4r14)
- decode response's RTP and two more provisioning statuses and the
additional status (sbc4r12); decode completion condition (sbc4r14)
- sg_inq: fix potential unbounded loop in --export
- add --only to stop standard inquiry decoding also doing a serial
number vpd page (0x80) fetch
- with NVMe --only restricts to a single Identify controller command
- add --long which decodes more of the NVMe Identify cmd responses
- sg_inq+sg_vpd: update Extended inquiry data vpd page (spc5r09,
spc5r17 and 17-142r5)
- add --force option to bypass checking Supported VPD Pages page and
fetch requested page directly
- sg_logs: add --vendor=VP and '--pdt=DT' options
- sg_modes: add Out of band management control mpage
- accept acronym for mode page
- sg_opcode: add '--enumerate' and '--pdt=' options; support CDLP
(command duration limit page) and MLU (Multiple Logical Units)
- sg_persist: add --maxlen-LEN option, LEN defaults to decimal, similar
to --alloc-length= which takes hex; add Replace Lost Reservation
Capable (RLR_C) bit in Report Capabilities (spc4r36)
- sg_raw: add --cmdfile=CF option, CF in hex unless --raw option also
given; this and other tweaks facilitate sending 64 byte NVMe admin
commands to be sent
- add --enumerate option to decode command name from cdb
- sg_rdac: add sanity checks for -f=lun value
- sg_rep_zones: expand --help option information
- sg_reset_wp add --count=ZC option, zbc2r01b
- sg_sat_identify: expand to take --len=32
- sg_ses: handle 2 bit EIIOE field in aes dpage
- add --quiet option to suppress messages
- allow multiple --clear=, --get= and --set= options
- allow individual index ranges (e.g. --index=3-5)
- allow --index=IIA with -ee to enumerate only fields belonging to
element type IIA
- sg_ses_microcode: add -ealsd option (exit after last send diagnostic)
- sg_timestamp: add '--no-timestamp', '--elapsed' and '--hex' options
- sg_turs: add --low option to force low level sg_pt interface use
- sg_unmap: add --all=ST,RN[,LA] option to unmap large contiguous
segments of a disk/ssd
- sg_vpd: 3 party copy VPD page improvements
- fully implement Device constituents VPD page
- sg_wr_mode: add --rtd option for RTD bit
- sg_zone: add --sequentialize, --count=ZC options, zbc2r01b

Doug Gilbert

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