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Subject[PATCH v3] iio: proximity: Add driver support for ST's VL53L0X ToF ranging sensor.
Date
This driver was originally written by ST in 2016 as a misc input device
driver, and hasn't been maintained for a long time. I grabbed some code
from it's API and reformed it into a iio proximity device driver.
This version of driver uses i2c bus to talk to the sensor and
polling for measuring completes, so no irq line is needed.
This version of driver supports only one-shot mode, and it can be
tested with reading from
/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/in_distance_raw

Signed-off-by: Song Qiang <songqiang.1304521@gmail.com>
---
Changes in v2:
- Clean up the register table.
- Sort header files declarations.
- Replace some bit definations with GENMASK() and BIT().
- Clean up some code and comments that's useless for now.
- Change the order of some the definations of some variables to reversed
xmas tree order.
- Using do...while() rather while and check.
- Replace pr_err() with dev_err().
- Remove device id declaration since we recommend to use DT.
- Remove .owner = THIS_MODULE.
- Replace probe() with probe_new() hook.
- Remove IIO_BUFFER and IIO_TRIGGERED_BUFFER dependences.
- Change the driver module name to vl53l0x-i2c.
- Align all the parameters if they are in the same function with open
parentheses.
- Replace iio_device_register() with devm_iio_device_register
for better resource management.
- Remove the vl53l0x_remove() since it's not needed.
- Remove dev_set_drvdata() since it's already setted above.

Changes in v3:
- Recover ST's copyright.
- Clean up indio_dev member in vl53l0x_data struct since it's
useless now.
- Replace __le16_to_cpu() with le16_to_cpu().
- Remove the iio_device_{claim|release}_direct_mode() since it's
only needed when we use buffered mode.
- Clean up some coding style problems.

.../bindings/iio/proximity/vl53l0x.txt | 12 ++
drivers/iio/proximity/Kconfig | 11 ++
drivers/iio/proximity/Makefile | 2 +
drivers/iio/proximity/vl53l0x-i2c.c | 184 ++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 209 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/proximity/vl53l0x.txt
create mode 100644 drivers/iio/proximity/vl53l0x-i2c.c

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/proximity/vl53l0x.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/proximity/vl53l0x.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..64b69442f08e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/proximity/vl53l0x.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+ST's VL53L0X ToF ranging sensor
+
+Required properties:
+ - compatible: must be "st,vl53l0x-i2c"
+ - reg: i2c address where to find the device
+
+Example:
+
+vl53l0x@29 {
+ compatible = "st,vl53l0x-i2c";
+ reg = <0x29>;
+};
diff --git a/drivers/iio/proximity/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/proximity/Kconfig
index f726f9427602..5f421cbd37f3 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/proximity/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iio/proximity/Kconfig
@@ -79,4 +79,15 @@ config SRF08
To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
module will be called srf08.

+config VL53L0X_I2C
+ tristate "STMicroelectronics VL53L0X ToF ranger sensor (I2C)"
+ depends on I2C
+ help
+ Say Y here to build a driver for STMicroelectronics VL53L0X
+ ToF ranger sensors with i2c interface.
+ This driver can be used to measure the distance of objects.
+
+ To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
+ module will be called vl53l0x-i2c.
+
endmenu
diff --git a/drivers/iio/proximity/Makefile b/drivers/iio/proximity/Makefile
index 4f4ed45e87ef..dedfb5bf3475 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/proximity/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/iio/proximity/Makefile
@@ -10,3 +10,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_RFD77402) += rfd77402.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SRF04) += srf04.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SRF08) += srf08.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SX9500) += sx9500.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VL53L0X_I2C) += vl53l0x-i2c.o
+
diff --git a/drivers/iio/proximity/vl53l0x-i2c.c b/drivers/iio/proximity/vl53l0x-i2c.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0f7f124a38ed
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iio/proximity/vl53l0x-i2c.c
@@ -0,0 +1,184 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+/*
+ * Support for ST's VL53L0X FlightSense ToF Ranger Sensor on a i2c bus.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2016 STMicroelectronics Imaging Division.
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Song Qiang <songqiang.1304521@gmail.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+#define VL53L0X_DRV_NAME "vl53l0x-i2c"
+
+#define VL_REG_SYSRANGE_MODE_MASK GENMASK(3, 0)
+#define VL_REG_SYSRANGE_START 0x00
+#define VL_REG_SYSRANGE_MODE_SINGLESHOT 0x00
+#define VL_REG_SYSRANGE_MODE_START_STOP BIT(0)
+#define VL_REG_SYSRANGE_MODE_BACKTOBACK BIT(1)
+#define VL_REG_SYSRANGE_MODE_TIMED BIT(2)
+#define VL_REG_SYSRANGE_MODE_HISTOGRAM BIT(3)
+
+#define VL_REG_SYS_SEQUENCE_CFG BIT(0)
+#define VL_REG_SYS_INTERMEASUREMENT_PERIOD BIT(2)
+#define VL_REG_SYS_RANGE_CFG 0x09
+
+#define VL_REG_SYS_INT_GPIO_DISABLED 0x00
+#define VL_REG_SYS_INT_GPIO_LEVEL_LOW BIT(0)
+#define VL_REG_SYS_INT_GPIO_LEVEL_HIGH BIT(1)
+#define VL_REG_SYS_INT_GPIO_OUT_OF_WINDOW 0x03
+#define VL_REG_SYS_INT_GPIO_NEW_SAMPLE_READY BIT(2)
+#define VL_REG_SYS_INT_CFG_GPIO 0x0A
+#define VL_REG_SYS_INT_CLEAR 0x0B
+#define VL_REG_GPIO_HV_MUX_ACTIVE_HIGH 0x84
+
+#define VL_REG_RESULT_INT_STATUS 0x13
+#define VL_REG_RESULT_RANGE_STATUS 0x14
+#define VL_REG_RESULT_RANGE_SATTUS_COMPLETE BIT(0)
+
+#define VL_REG_I2C_SLAVE_DEVICE_ADDRESS 0x8a
+
+#define VL_REG_IDENTIFICATION_MODEL_ID 0xc0
+#define VL_REG_IDENTIFICATION_REVISION_ID 0xc2
+
+struct vl53l0x_data {
+ struct i2c_client *client;
+};
+
+static int vl53l0x_read_proximity(struct vl53l0x_data *data,
+ const struct iio_chan_spec *chan,
+ int *val)
+{
+ u8 write_command = VL_REG_RESULT_RANGE_STATUS;
+ struct i2c_client *client = data->client;
+ unsigned int tries = 20;
+ struct i2c_msg msg[2];
+ u8 buffer[12];
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(data->client,
+ VL_REG_SYSRANGE_START, 1);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ do {
+ ret = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(data->client,
+ VL_REG_RESULT_RANGE_STATUS);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (ret & VL_REG_RESULT_RANGE_SATTUS_COMPLETE)
+ break;
+
+ usleep_range(1000, 5000);
+ } while (tries--);
+ if (!tries)
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+
+ msg[0].addr = client->addr;
+ msg[0].buf = &write_command;
+ msg[0].len = 1;
+ msg[0].flags = client->flags | I2C_M_STOP;
+
+ msg[1].addr = client->addr;
+ msg[1].buf = buffer;
+ msg[1].len = 12;
+ msg[1].flags = client->flags | I2C_M_RD;
+
+ ret = i2c_transfer(client->adapter, msg, 2);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ else if (ret != 2)
+ dev_err(&data->client->dev, "vl53l0x: consecutively read error. ");
+
+ *val = le16_to_cpu((buffer[10] << 8) + buffer[11]);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct iio_chan_spec vl53l0x_channels[] = {
+ {
+ .type = IIO_DISTANCE,
+ .info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW)
+ },
+ IIO_CHAN_SOFT_TIMESTAMP(1),
+};
+
+static int vl53l0x_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
+ const struct iio_chan_spec *chan,
+ int *val, int *val2, long mask)
+{
+ struct vl53l0x_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ int ret;
+
+ if (chan->type != IIO_DISTANCE) {
+ dev_err(&data->client->dev, "vl53l0x: iio type error");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ switch (mask) {
+ case IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW:
+ ret = vl53l0x_read_proximity(data, chan, val);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ dev_err(&data->client->dev,
+ "vl53l0x: raw value read error with %d", ret);
+
+ return IIO_VAL_INT;
+ default:
+ dev_err(&data->client->dev, "vl53l0x: IIO_CHAN_* not recognzed.");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+}
+
+static const struct iio_info vl53l0x_info = {
+ .read_raw = vl53l0x_read_raw,
+};
+
+static int vl53l0x_probe(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+ struct vl53l0x_data *data;
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
+
+ indio_dev = devm_iio_device_alloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*data));
+ if (!indio_dev)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ data->client = client;
+ i2c_set_clientdata(client, indio_dev);
+
+ if (!i2c_check_functionality(client->adapter,
+ I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_BYTE_DATA | I2C_FUNC_I2C))
+ return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+ indio_dev->dev.parent = &client->dev;
+ indio_dev->name = VL53L0X_DRV_NAME;
+ indio_dev->info = &vl53l0x_info;
+ indio_dev->channels = vl53l0x_channels;
+ indio_dev->num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(vl53l0x_channels);
+ indio_dev->modes = INDIO_DIRECT_MODE;
+
+ return devm_iio_device_register(&client->dev, indio_dev);
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id st_vl53l0x_dt_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "st,vl53l0x-i2c", },
+ { }
+};
+
+static struct i2c_driver vl53l0x_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = VL53L0X_DRV_NAME,
+ .of_match_table = st_vl53l0x_dt_match,
+ },
+ .probe_new = vl53l0x_probe,
+};
+module_i2c_driver(vl53l0x_driver);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Song Qiang <songqiang.1304521@gmail.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ST vl53l0x ToF ranging sensor");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
--
2.17.1
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