lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Sep]   [11]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH] rcu: Use cpus_read_lock() while looking at cpu_online_mask
On Mon, Sep 10, 2018 at 03:56:16PM +0200, Sebastian Andrzej Siewior wrote:
> It was possible that sync_rcu_exp_select_cpus() enqueued something on
> CPU0 while CPU0 was offline. Such a work item wouldn't be processed
> until CPU0 gets back online. This problem was addressed in commit
> fcc6354365015 ("rcu: Make expedited GPs handle CPU 0 being offline"). I
> don't think the issue fully addressed.
>
> Assume grplo = 0 and grphi = 7 and sync_rcu_exp_select_cpus() is invoked
> on CPU1. The preempt_disable() section on CPU1 won't ensure that CPU0
> remains online between looking at cpu_online_mask and invoking
> queue_work_on() on CPU1.
>
> Use cpus_read_lock() to ensure that `cpu' is not going down between
> looking at cpu_online_mask at invoking queue_work_on() and waiting for
> its completion. It is added around the loop + flush_work() which is
> similar to work_on_cpu_safe() (and we can have multiple jobs running on
> NUMA systems).

Is this experimental or theoretical? If theoretical, the counter-theory
is that the stop-machine processing prevents any of the cpu_online_mask
bits from changing, though, yes, we would like to get rid of the
stop-machine processing. So either way, yes, the current state could
use some improvement.

But one problem with the patch below is that sync_rcu_exp_select_cpus()
can be called while the cpu_hotplug_lock is write-held. Or is that
somehow OK these days? Assuming not, how about the (untested) patch
below?

Thanx, Paul

> Fixes: fcc6354365015 ("rcu: Make expedited GPs handle CPU 0 being
> offline")
> Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
> ---
> kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h | 4 ++--
> 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
> index 01b6ddeb4f050..a104cf91e6b90 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
> @@ -479,6 +479,7 @@ static void sync_rcu_exp_select_cpus(struct rcu_state *rsp,
> sync_exp_reset_tree(rsp);
> trace_rcu_exp_grace_period(rsp->name, rcu_exp_gp_seq_endval(rsp), TPS("select"));
>
> + cpus_read_lock();
> /* Schedule work for each leaf rcu_node structure. */
> rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rsp, rnp) {
> rnp->exp_need_flush = false;
> @@ -493,13 +494,11 @@ static void sync_rcu_exp_select_cpus(struct rcu_state *rsp,
> continue;
> }
> INIT_WORK(&rnp->rew.rew_work, sync_rcu_exp_select_node_cpus);
> - preempt_disable();
> cpu = cpumask_next(rnp->grplo - 1, cpu_online_mask);
> /* If all offline, queue the work on an unbound CPU. */
> if (unlikely(cpu > rnp->grphi))
> cpu = WORK_CPU_UNBOUND;
> queue_work_on(cpu, rcu_par_gp_wq, &rnp->rew.rew_work);
> - preempt_enable();
> rnp->exp_need_flush = true;
> }
>
> @@ -507,6 +506,7 @@ static void sync_rcu_exp_select_cpus(struct rcu_state *rsp,
> rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rsp, rnp)
> if (rnp->exp_need_flush)
> flush_work(&rnp->rew.rew_work);
> + cpus_read_unlock();
> }
>
> static void synchronize_sched_expedited_wait(struct rcu_state *rsp)

commit 5214cbbfe6a5d6b92c76c4e411a049fe57245d4a
Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Date: Tue Sep 11 08:57:48 2018 -0700

rcu: Stop expedited grace periods from relying on stop-machine

The CPU-selection code in sync_rcu_exp_select_cpus() disables preemption
to prevent the cpu_online_mask from changing. However, this relies on
the stop-machine mechanism in the CPU-hotplug offline code, which is not
desirable (it would be good to someday remove the stop-machine mechanism).

This commit therefore instead uses the relevant leaf rcu_node structure's
->ffmask, which has a bit set for all CPUs that are fully functional.
A given CPU's bit is cleared very early during offline processing by
rcutree_offline_cpu() and set very late during online processsing by
rcutree_online_cpu(). Therefore, if a CPU's bit is set in this mask, and
preemption is disabled, we have to be before the synchronize_sched() in
the CPU-hotplug offline code, which means that the CPU is guaranteed to be
workqueue-ready throughout the duration of the enclosing preempt_disable()
region of code.

This also has the side-effect of using WORK_CPU_UNBOUND if all the CPUs for
this leaf rcu_node structure are offline, which is an acceptable difference
in behavior.

Reported-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
index 8d18c1014e2b..e669ccf3751b 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
@@ -450,10 +450,12 @@ static void sync_rcu_exp_select_cpus(smp_call_func_t func)
}
INIT_WORK(&rnp->rew.rew_work, sync_rcu_exp_select_node_cpus);
preempt_disable();
- cpu = cpumask_next(rnp->grplo - 1, cpu_online_mask);
+ cpu = find_next_bit(&rnp->ffmask, BITS_PER_LONG, -1);
/* If all offline, queue the work on an unbound CPU. */
- if (unlikely(cpu > rnp->grphi))
+ if (unlikely(cpu > rnp->grphi - rnp->grplo))
cpu = WORK_CPU_UNBOUND;
+ else
+ cpu += rnp->grplo;
queue_work_on(cpu, rcu_par_gp_wq, &rnp->rew.rew_work);
preempt_enable();
rnp->exp_need_flush = true;
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-09-11 18:06    [W:0.109 / U:0.364 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site