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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/3] libnvdimm: reset seeds for next namespace creation
On Sun, Sep 9, 2018 at 11:21 PM, Ocean He <oceanhehy@gmail.com> wrote:
> From: Ocean He <hehy1@lenovo.com>
>
> When pmem namespaces created are smaller than section size twice, the
> second creation would fail and meanwhile there is a kernel call trace
> which comes from commit 15d36fecd0bdc7510b70 ("mm: disallow mappings that
> conflict for devm_memremap_pages()").
> ------------[ cut here ]------------
> nd_pmem pfn1.1: Conflicting mapping in same section
> WARNING: CPU: 84 PID: 51974 at kernel/memremap.c:194 devm_memremap_pages+0x4a0/0x4e0
> CPU: 84 PID: 51974 Comm: ndctl Kdump: loaded Tainted: G W E 4.19.0-rc2-23-default+ #27
> RIP: 0010:devm_memremap_pages+0x4a0/0x4e0
> Call Trace:
> pmem_attach_disk+0x3ab/0x581 [nd_pmem]
> nvdimm_bus_probe+0x69/0x150 [libnvdimm]
> really_probe+0x262/0x3d0
> driver_probe_device+0x60/0x120
> bind_store+0x102/0x190
> kernfs_fop_write+0x105/0x180
> __vfs_write+0x36/0x1a0
> ? common_file_perm+0x47/0x130
> ? security_file_permission+0x2c/0xb0
> vfs_write+0xad/0x1a0
> ksys_write+0x52/0xc0
> do_syscall_64+0x5b/0x180
> entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
>
> Here is an example (section size is 128MB) based on kernel 4.19-rc2.
> # ndctl create-namespace -r region1 -s 100m -t pmem -m fsdax
> {
> "dev":"namespace1.0",
> "mode":"fsdax",
> "map":"dev",
> "size":"96.00 MiB (100.66 MB)",
> "uuid":"ef9a0556-a610-40b5-8c71-43991765a2cc",
> "raw_uuid":"177b22e2-b7e8-482f-a063-2b8de876d979",
> "sector_size":512,
> "blockdev":"pmem1",
> "numa_node":1
> }
> # ndctl create-namespace -r region1 -s 100m -t pmem -m fsdax
> libndctl: ndctl_pfn_enable: pfn1.1: failed to enable
> Error: namespace1.1: failed to enable
> failed to create namespace: No such device or address
>
> When above second creation failure occurs, the expectation is to destroy
> namespace1.0 to create a new namespace which size is aligned with section
> size. However, both namespace seed and pfn seed have been consumed, the
> new namespace creation still fails.
> # ndctl destroy-namespace namespace1.0 -f
> destroyed 1 namespace
> # ndctl create-namespace -r region1 -s 128m -t pmem -m fsdax
> failed to create namespace: Device or resource busy
>
> To ensure pfn_seed/dax_seed and namespace_seed are always ready for next
> namespace creation, this patch set enables seed detach and reset. Back to
> the example, the new namespace creation never fails if this patch set
> applied.
> # ndctl destroy-namespace namespace1.0 -f
> destroyed 1 namespace
> # ndctl create-namespace -r region1 -s 128m -t pmem -m fsdax
> {
> "dev":"namespace1.0",
> "mode":"fsdax",
> "map":"dev",
> "size":"124.00 MiB (130.02 MB)",
> "uuid":"0d0e7506-d108-4a88-824a-edef26fd0399",
> "raw_uuid":"efeb9647-12f5-44cd-8a52-2f3a0d14589a",
> "sector_size":512,
> "blockdev":"pmem1",
> "numa_node":1
> }
> # ndctl create-namespace -r region1 -s 128m -t pmem -m fsdax
> {
> "dev":"namespace1.1",
> "mode":"fsdax",
> "map":"dev",
> "size":130023424,
> "uuid":"689828dc-8779-434d-8e93-0406d4e1e536",
> "raw_uuid":"d86e1025-c224-48b6-b2a7-6ccef152d5fd",
> "sector_size":512,
> "blockdev":"pmem1.1",
> "numa_node":1
> }
>
> The mode devdax (-m devdax) has the same issue, this patch set could
> cover it.

This is good analysis, but I believe this is better fixed / handled in
ndctl directly. This is just one of a few reasons that namespace
creation can fail, and it should be ndctl's job to recover from failed
creation. The kernel only provides the mechanism the policy of what to
do with errors and interrupted namespace creation is up to userspace.

Also, in the future, the plan is to allow namespaces smaller than a
section size which will fix this particular failing condition
properly.

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