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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 3/4] fs/dcache: Track & report number of negative dentries
On Tue, Sep 11, 2018 at 03:18:25PM -0400, Waiman Long wrote:
> The current dentry number tracking code doesn't distinguish between
> positive & negative dentries. It just reports the total number of
> dentries in the LRU lists.
>
> As excessive number of negative dentries can have an impact on system
> performance, it will be wise to track the number of positive and
> negative dentries separately.
>
> This patch adds tracking for the total number of negative dentries
> in the system LRU lists and reports it in the 7th field in the

Not the 7th field anymore.

> /proc/sys/fs/dentry-state file. The number, however, does not include
> negative dentries that are in flight but not in the LRU yet as well
> as those in the shrinker lists.
>
> The number of positive dentries in the LRU lists can be roughly found
> by subtracting the number of negative dentries from the unused count.
>
> Matthew Wilcox had confirmed that since the introduction of the
> dentry_stat structure in 2.1.60, the dummy array was there, probably for
> future extension. They were not replacements of pre-existing fields. So
> no sane applications that read the value of /proc/sys/fs/dentry-state
> will do dummy thing if the last 2 fields of the sysctl parameter are
> not zero. IOW, it will be safe to use one of the dummy array entry for
> negative dentry count.
>
> Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
....
> ---
> Documentation/sysctl/fs.txt | 26 ++++++++++++++++----------
> fs/dcache.c | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/dcache.h | 7 ++++---
> 3 files changed, 51 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/fs.txt b/Documentation/sysctl/fs.txt
> index 819caf8..3b4f441 100644
> --- a/Documentation/sysctl/fs.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/sysctl/fs.txt
> @@ -56,26 +56,32 @@ of any kernel data structures.
>
> dentry-state:
>
> -From linux/fs/dentry.c:
> +From linux/include/linux/dcache.h:
> --------------------------------------------------------------
> -struct {
> +struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat {
> int nr_dentry;
> int nr_unused;
> int age_limit; /* age in seconds */
> int want_pages; /* pages requested by system */
> - int dummy[2];
> -} dentry_stat = {0, 0, 45, 0,};
> ---------------------------------------------------------------
> -
> -Dentries are dynamically allocated and deallocated, and
> -nr_dentry seems to be 0 all the time. Hence it's safe to
> -assume that only nr_unused, age_limit and want_pages are
> -used. Nr_unused seems to be exactly what its name says.
> + int nr_negative; /* # of unused negative dentries */
> + int dummy; /* Reserved */

/* reserved for future use */

....
> @@ -331,6 +343,8 @@ static inline void __d_clear_type_and_inode(struct dentry *dentry)
> flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU);
> WRITE_ONCE(dentry->d_flags, flags);
> dentry->d_inode = NULL;
> + if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST)
> + this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_negative);
> }
>
> static void dentry_free(struct dentry *dentry)
> @@ -385,6 +399,10 @@ static void dentry_unlink_inode(struct dentry * dentry)
> * The per-cpu "nr_dentry_unused" counters are updated with
> * the DCACHE_LRU_LIST bit.
> *
> + * The per-cpu "nr_dentry_negative" counters are only updated
> + * when deleted or added to the per-superblock LRU list, not
> + * on the shrink list.

This tells us what the code is doing, but it doesn't explain why
a different accounting method to nr_dentry_unused was chosen. What
constraints require the accounting to be done this way rather than
just mirror the unused dentry accounting?

> @@ -1836,6 +1862,11 @@ static void __d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode)
> WARN_ON(d_in_lookup(dentry));
>
> spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
> + /*
> + * Decrement negative dentry count if it was in the LRU list.
> + */
> + if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST)
> + this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative);
> hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry);
> raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq);
> __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags);
> diff --git a/include/linux/dcache.h b/include/linux/dcache.h
> index ef4b70f..73ff9f0 100644
> --- a/include/linux/dcache.h
> +++ b/include/linux/dcache.h
> @@ -62,9 +62,10 @@ struct qstr {
> struct dentry_stat_t {
> long nr_dentry;
> long nr_unused;
> - long age_limit; /* age in seconds */
> - long want_pages; /* pages requested by system */
> - long dummy[2];
> + long age_limit; /* age in seconds */
> + long want_pages; /* pages requested by system */
> + long nr_negative; /* # of unused negative dentries */
> + long dummy; /* Reserved */

/* reserved for future use */

Cheers,

Dave.
--
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com

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