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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/2] media: usb: pwc: Don't use coherent DMA buffers for ISO transfer
Date
Hi Matwey,

Thank you for the patch.

On Friday, 22 June 2018 15:04:19 EEST Matwey V. Kornilov wrote:
> DMA cocherency slows the transfer down on systems without hardware
> coherent DMA.
>
> Based on previous commit the following performance benchmarks have been
> carried out. Average memcpy() data transfer rate (rate) and handler
> completion time (time) have been measured when running video stream at
> 640x480 resolution at 10fps.
>
> x86_64 based system (Intel Core i5-3470). This platform has hardware
> coherent DMA support and proposed change doesn't make big difference here.
>
> * kmalloc: rate = (4.4 +- 1.0) GBps
> time = (2.4 +- 1.2) usec
> * usb_alloc_coherent: rate = (4.1 +- 0.9) GBps
> time = (2.5 +- 1.0) usec
>
> We see that the measurements agree well within error ranges in this case.
> So no performance downgrade is introduced.
>
> armv7l based system (TI AM335x BeagleBone Black). This platform has no
> hardware coherent DMA support. DMA coherence is implemented via disabled
> page caching that slows down memcpy() due to memory controller behaviour.
>
> * kmalloc: rate = (190 +- 30) MBps
> time = (50 +- 10) usec
> * usb_alloc_coherent: rate = (33 +- 4) MBps
> time = (3000 +- 400) usec
>
> Note, that quantative difference leads (this commit leads to 5 times
> acceleration) to qualitative behavior change in this case. As it was
> stated before, the video stream can not be successfully received at AM335x
> platforms with MUSB based USB host controller due to performance issues
> [1].
>
> [1] https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-usb/msg165735.html
>
> Signed-off-by: Matwey V. Kornilov <matwey@sai.msu.ru>
> ---
> drivers/media/usb/pwc/pwc-if.c | 12 +++---------
> 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/media/usb/pwc/pwc-if.c b/drivers/media/usb/pwc/pwc-if.c
> index 72d2897a4b9f..339a285600d1 100644
> --- a/drivers/media/usb/pwc/pwc-if.c
> +++ b/drivers/media/usb/pwc/pwc-if.c
> @@ -427,11 +427,8 @@ static int pwc_isoc_init(struct pwc_device *pdev)
> urb->interval = 1; // devik
> urb->dev = udev;
> urb->pipe = usb_rcvisocpipe(udev, pdev->vendpoint);
> - urb->transfer_flags = URB_ISO_ASAP | URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
> - urb->transfer_buffer = usb_alloc_coherent(udev,
> - ISO_BUFFER_SIZE,
> - GFP_KERNEL,
> - &urb->transfer_dma);
> + urb->transfer_flags = URB_ISO_ASAP;
> + urb->transfer_buffer = kmalloc(ISO_BUFFER_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);

ISO_BUFFER_SIZE is 970 bytes, well below a page size, so this should be fine.
However, for other USB camera drivers, we might require larger buffers
spanning multiple pages, and kmalloc() wouldn't be a very good choice there. I
thus believe we should implement a helper function, possibly in the for of
usb_alloc_noncoherent(), to allow picking the right allocation mechanism based
on the buffer size (and possibly other parameters). Ideally the helper and the
USB core should cooperate to avoid any overhead from DMA operations when DMA
is coherent on the platform (on x86 and some ARM platforms).

That being said, I don't see a reason why this patch should be blocked until
we get such a helper function, we can also implement it when needed for
another USB webcam driver (likely uvcvideo given the recent discussions) and
then use it in the pwc driver.

We have also determined that performances can be further improved by keeping
mappings around and using the dma_sync_* operations at runtime. That's again
not a reason to block this patch, as the performance improvement is already
impressive, so

Reviewed-by: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>

But I would still like to see the above two issues addressed. If you'd like to
give them a go, with or without getting v2 of this series merged first, please
do so, and I'll happily review patches.

> if (urb->transfer_buffer == NULL) {
> PWC_ERROR("Failed to allocate urb buffer %d\n", i);
> pwc_isoc_cleanup(pdev);
> @@ -491,10 +488,7 @@ static void pwc_iso_free(struct pwc_device *pdev)
> if (pdev->urbs[i]) {
> PWC_DEBUG_MEMORY("Freeing URB\n");
> if (pdev->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer) {
> - usb_free_coherent(pdev->udev,
> - pdev->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer_length,
> - pdev->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer,
> - pdev->urbs[i]->transfer_dma);
> + kfree(pdev->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer);
> }
> usb_free_urb(pdev->urbs[i]);
> pdev->urbs[i] = NULL;

--
Regards,

Laurent Pinchart



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