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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] memcg, oom: emit oom report when there is no eligible task
On Wed, Aug 08, 2018 at 09:13:01AM +0200, Michal Hocko wrote:
> From: Michal Hocko <>
> Johannes had doubts that the current WARN in the memcg oom path
> when there is no eligible task is not all that useful because it doesn't
> really give any useful insight into the memcg state. My original
> intention was to make this lightweight but it is true that seeing
> a stack trace will likely be not sufficient when somebody gets back to
> us and report this warning.
> Therefore replace the current warning by the full oom report which will
> give us not only the back trace of the offending path but also the full
> memcg state - memory counters and existing tasks.
> Suggested-by: Johannes Weiner <>
> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <>
> ---
> include/linux/oom.h | 2 ++
> mm/memcontrol.c | 24 +++++++++++++-----------
> mm/oom_kill.c | 8 ++++----
> 3 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/include/linux/oom.h b/include/linux/oom.h
> index a16a155a0d19..7424f9673cd1 100644
> --- a/include/linux/oom.h
> +++ b/include/linux/oom.h
> @@ -133,6 +133,8 @@ extern struct task_struct *find_lock_task_mm(struct task_struct *p);
> extern int oom_evaluate_task(struct task_struct *task, void *arg);
> +extern void dump_oom_header(struct oom_control *oc, struct task_struct *victim);
> +
> /* sysctls */
> extern int sysctl_oom_dump_tasks;
> extern int sysctl_oom_kill_allocating_task;
> diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
> index c80e5b6a8e9f..3d7c90e6c235 100644
> --- a/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -1390,6 +1390,19 @@ static bool mem_cgroup_out_of_memory(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t gfp_mask,
> mutex_lock(&oom_lock);
> ret = out_of_memory(&oc);
> mutex_unlock(&oom_lock);
> +
> + /*
> + * under rare race the current task might have been selected while
> + * reaching mem_cgroup_out_of_memory and there is no other oom victim
> + * left. There is still no reason to warn because this task will
> + * die and release its bypassed charge eventually.

"rare race" is a bit vague. Can we describe the situation?

* We killed and reaped every task in the group, and still no
* luck with the charge. This is likely the result of a crazy
* configuration, let the user know.
* With one exception: current is the last task, it's already
* been killed and reaped, but that wasn't enough to satisfy
* the charge request under the configured limit. In that case
* let it bypass quietly and current exit.

And after spelling that out, I no longer think we want to skip the OOM
header in that situation. The first paragraph still applies: this is
probably a funny configuration, we're going to bypass the charge, let
the user know that we failed containment - to help THEM identify by
themselves what is likely an easy to fix problem.

> + */
> + if (tsk_is_oom_victim(current))
> + return ret;
> +
> + pr_warn("Memory cgroup charge failed because of no reclaimable memory! "
> + "This looks like a misconfiguration or a kernel bug.");
> + dump_oom_header(&oc, NULL);

All other sites print the context first before printing the
conclusion, we should probably do the same here.

I'd also prefer keeping the message in line with the global case when
no eligible tasks are left. There is no need to speculate whose fault
this could be, that's apparent from the OOM header. If the user can't
figure it out from the OOM header, they'll still report it to us.

How about this?


From bba01122f739b05a689dbf1eeeb4f0e07affd4e7 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Johannes Weiner <>
Date: Wed, 8 Aug 2018 09:59:40 -0400
Subject: [PATCH] mm: memcontrol: print proper OOM header when no eligible
victim left

When the memcg OOM killer runs out of killable tasks, it currently
prints a WARN with no further OOM context. This has caused some user

Warnings indicate a kernel problem. In a reported case, however, the
situation was triggered by a non-sensical memcg configuration (hard
limit set to 0). But without any VM context this wasn't obvious from
the report, and it took some back and forth on the mailing list to
identify what is actually a trivial issue.

Handle this OOM condition like we handle it in the global OOM killer:
dump the full OOM context and tell the user we ran out of tasks.

This way the user can identify misconfigurations easily by themselves
and rectify the problem - without having to go through the hassle of
running into an obscure but unsettling warning, finding the
appropriate kernel mailing list and waiting for a kernel developer to
remote-analyze that the memcg configuration caused this.

If users cannot make sense of why the OOM killer was triggered or why
it failed, they will still report it to the mailing list, we know that
from experience. So in case there is an actual kernel bug causing
this, kernel developers will very likely hear about it.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <>
mm/memcontrol.c | 2 --
mm/oom_kill.c | 13 ++++++++++---
2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index 4e3c1315b1de..29d9d1a69b36 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -1701,8 +1701,6 @@ static enum oom_status mem_cgroup_oom(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t mask, int
if (mem_cgroup_out_of_memory(memcg, mask, order))

- WARN(1,"Memory cgroup charge failed because of no reclaimable memory! "
- "This looks like a misconfiguration or a kernel bug.");
return OOM_FAILED;

diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
index 0e10b864e074..07ae222d7830 100644
--- a/mm/oom_kill.c
+++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
@@ -1103,10 +1103,17 @@ bool out_of_memory(struct oom_control *oc)

- /* Found nothing?!?! Either we hang forever, or we panic. */
- if (!oc->chosen && !is_sysrq_oom(oc) && !is_memcg_oom(oc)) {
+ /* Found nothing?!?! */
+ if (!oc->chosen) {
dump_header(oc, NULL);
- panic("Out of memory and no killable processes...\n");
+ pr_warn("Out of memory and no killable processes...\n");
+ /*
+ * If we got here due to an actual allocation at the
+ * system level, we cannot survive this and will enter
+ * an endless loop in the allocator. Bail out now.
+ */
+ if (!is_sysrq_oom(oc) && !is_memcg_oom(oc))
+ panic("System is deadlocked on memory\n");
if (oc->chosen && oc->chosen != (void *)-1UL)
oom_kill_process(oc, !is_memcg_oom(oc) ? "Out of memory" :
 \ /
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