lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Aug]   [6]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] resource: Merge resources on a node when hot-adding memory
From
Date
On 07/08/18 00:14, Mike Rapoport wrote:

> On Mon, Aug 06, 2018 at 04:52:24PM +1000, Rashmica Gupta wrote:
>> When hot-removing memory release_mem_region_adjustable() splits
>> iomem resources if they are not the exact size of the memory being
>> hot-deleted. Adding this memory back to the kernel adds a new
>> resource.
>>
>> Eg a node has memory 0x0 - 0xfffffffff. Offlining and hot-removing
>> 1GB from 0xf40000000 results in the single resource 0x0-0xfffffffff being
>> split into two resources: 0x0-0xf3fffffff and 0xf80000000-0xfffffffff.
>>
>> When we hot-add the memory back we now have three resources:
>> 0x0-0xf3fffffff, 0xf40000000-0xf7fffffff, and 0xf80000000-0xfffffffff.
>>
>> Now if we try to remove a section of memory that overlaps these resources,
>> like 2GB from 0xf40000000, release_mem_region_adjustable() fails as it
>> expects the chunk of memory to be within the boundaries of a single
>> resource.
>>
>> This patch adds a function request_resource_and_merge(). This is called
>> instead of request_resource_conflict() when registering a resource in
>> add_memory(). It calls request_resource_conflict() and if hot-removing is
>> enabled (if it isn't we won't get resource fragmentation) we attempt to
>> merge contiguous resources on the node.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Rashmica Gupta <rashmica.g@gmail.com>
>> ---
>> v1->v2: Only attempt to merge resources if hot-remove is enabled.
>>
>> include/linux/ioport.h | 2 +
>> include/linux/memory_hotplug.h | 2 +-
>> kernel/resource.c | 116 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> mm/memory_hotplug.c | 22 ++++----
>> 4 files changed, 130 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/ioport.h b/include/linux/ioport.h
>> index da0ebaec25f0..f5b93a711e86 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/ioport.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/ioport.h
>> @@ -189,6 +189,8 @@ extern int allocate_resource(struct resource *root, struct resource *new,
>> resource_size_t,
>> resource_size_t),
>> void *alignf_data);
>> +extern struct resource *request_resource_and_merge(struct resource *parent,
>> + struct resource *new, int nid);
>> struct resource *lookup_resource(struct resource *root, resource_size_t start);
>> int adjust_resource(struct resource *res, resource_size_t start,
>> resource_size_t size);
>> diff --git a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
>> index 4e9828cda7a2..9c00f97c8cc6 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
>> @@ -322,7 +322,7 @@ static inline void remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size) {}
>> extern int walk_memory_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn,
>> void *arg, int (*func)(struct memory_block *, void *));
>> extern int add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size);
>> -extern int add_memory_resource(int nid, struct resource *resource, bool online);
>> +extern int add_memory_resource(int nid, u64 start, u64 size, bool online);
> The add_memory_resource() function is also used by Xen balloon. It should
> be updated as well.

Thanks for spotting that.

>> extern int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size,
>> struct vmem_altmap *altmap, bool want_memblock);
>> extern void move_pfn_range_to_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn,
>> diff --git a/kernel/resource.c b/kernel/resource.c
>> index 30e1bc68503b..5967061f9cea 100644
>> --- a/kernel/resource.c
>> +++ b/kernel/resource.c
>> @@ -1621,3 +1621,119 @@ static int __init strict_iomem(char *str)
>> }
>>
>> __setup("iomem=", strict_iomem);
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
>> +/*
>> + * Attempt to merge resource and it's sibling
>> + */
>> +static int merge_resources(struct resource *res)
>> +{
>> + struct resource *next;
>> + struct resource *tmp;
>> + uint64_t size;
>> + int ret = -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + next = res->sibling;
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Not sure how to handle two different children. So only attempt
>> + * to merge two resources if neither have children, only one has a
>> + * child or if both have the same child.
>> + */
>> + if ((res->child && next->child) && (res->child != next->child))
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + if (res->end + 1 != next->start)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + if (res->flags != next->flags)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + /* Update sibling and child of resource */
>> + res->sibling = next->sibling;
>> + tmp = res->child;
>> + if (!res->child)
>> + res->child = next->child;
>> +
>> + size = next->end - res->start + 1;
>> + ret = __adjust_resource(res, res->start, size);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + /* Failed so restore resource to original state */
>> + res->sibling = next;
>> + res->child = tmp;
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + free_resource(next);
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Attempt to merge resources on the node
>> + */
>> +static void merge_node_resources(int nid, struct resource *parent)
>> +{
>> + struct resource *res;
>> + uint64_t start_addr;
>> + uint64_t end_addr;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + start_addr = node_start_pfn(nid) << PAGE_SHIFT;
>> + end_addr = node_end_pfn(nid) << PAGE_SHIFT;
>> +
>> + write_lock(&resource_lock);
>> +
>> + /* Get the first resource */
>> + res = parent->child;
>> +
>> + while (res) {
>> + /* Check that the resource is within the node */
>> + if (res->start < start_addr) {
>> + res = res->sibling;
>> + continue;
>> + }
>> + /* Exit if resource is past end of node */
>> + if (res->sibling->end > end_addr)
>> + break;
>> +
>> + ret = merge_resources(res);
>> + if (!ret)
>> + continue;
>> + res = res->sibling;
>> + }
>> + write_unlock(&resource_lock);
>> +}
>> +#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
>> +
>> +/**
>> + * request_resource_and_merge() - request an I/O or memory resource for hot-add
>> + * @parent: parent resource descriptor
>> + * @new: resource descriptor desired by caller
>> + * @nid: node id of the node we want the resource on
>> + *
>> + * Returns NULL for success and conflict resource on error.
>> + * If no conflict resource then attempt to merge resources on the node.
> Please put the return value description at the end and start it with
> 'Return:' rather than 'Returns'

Will do.

>> + *
>> + * This is intended to cleanup the fragmentation of resources that occurs when
>> + * hot-removing memory (see release_mem_region_adjustable). If hot-removing is
>> + * not enabled then there is no point trying to merge resources.
> I think it's worth noting that inability to merge the resources is not an
> error.

Good point.

>> + */
>> +struct resource *request_resource_and_merge(struct resource *parent,
>> + struct resource *new, int nid)
>> +{
>> + struct resource *conflict;
>> +
>> + conflict = request_resource_conflict(parent, new);
>> +
>> + if (conflict)
>> + return conflict;
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
>> + merge_node_resources(nid, parent);
>> +#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
>> +
>> + return NULL;
>> +}
>> +#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */
>> diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>> index 7deb49f69e27..2e342f5ce322 100644
>> --- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>> +++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>> @@ -97,7 +97,7 @@ void mem_hotplug_done(void)
>> }
>>
>> /* add this memory to iomem resource */
>> -static struct resource *register_memory_resource(u64 start, u64 size)
>> +static struct resource *register_memory_resource(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
>> {
>> struct resource *res, *conflict;
>> res = kzalloc(sizeof(struct resource), GFP_KERNEL);
>> @@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ static struct resource *register_memory_resource(u64 start, u64 size)
>> res->start = start;
>> res->end = start + size - 1;
>> res->flags = IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM | IORESOURCE_BUSY;
>> - conflict = request_resource_conflict(&iomem_resource, res);
>> + conflict = request_resource_and_merge(&iomem_resource, res, nid);
>> if (conflict) {
>> if (conflict->desc == IORES_DESC_DEVICE_PRIVATE_MEMORY) {
>> pr_debug("Device unaddressable memory block "
>> @@ -122,11 +122,15 @@ static struct resource *register_memory_resource(u64 start, u64 size)
>> return res;
>> }
>>
>> -static void release_memory_resource(struct resource *res)
>> +static void release_memory_resource(struct resource *res, u64 start, u64 size)
>> {
>> if (!res)
>> return;
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
>> + release_mem_region_adjustable(&iomem_resource, start, size);
>> +#else
>> release_resource(res);
>> +#endif
>> kfree(res);
>> return;
>> }
>> @@ -1096,17 +1100,13 @@ static int online_memory_block(struct memory_block *mem, void *arg)
>> }
>>
>> /* we are OK calling __meminit stuff here - we have CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */
>> -int __ref add_memory_resource(int nid, struct resource *res, bool online)
>> +int __ref add_memory_resource(int nid, u64 start, u64 size, bool online)
>> {
>> - u64 start, size;
>> pg_data_t *pgdat = NULL;
>> bool new_pgdat;
>> bool new_node;
>> int ret;
>>
>> - start = res->start;
>> - size = resource_size(res);
>> -
>> ret = check_hotplug_memory_range(start, size);
>> if (ret)
>> return ret;
>> @@ -1195,13 +1195,13 @@ int __ref add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
>> struct resource *res;
>> int ret;
>>
>> - res = register_memory_resource(start, size);
>> + res = register_memory_resource(nid, start, size);
>> if (IS_ERR(res))
>> return PTR_ERR(res);
>>
>> - ret = add_memory_resource(nid, res, memhp_auto_online);
>> + ret = add_memory_resource(nid, start, size, memhp_auto_online);
>> if (ret < 0)
>> - release_memory_resource(res);
>> + release_memory_resource(res, start, size);
>> return ret;
>> }
>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_memory);
>> --
>> 2.14.4
>>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-08-07 02:00    [W:0.055 / U:2.224 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site