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SubjectRe: WARNING in try_charge
On Mon, Aug 6, 2018 at 7:30 PM, Michal Hocko <> wrote:
>> >> >> A much
>> >> >> friendlier for user way to say this would be print a message at the
>> >> >> point of misconfiguration saying what exactly is wrong, e.g. "pid $PID
>> >> >> misconfigures cgroup /cgroup/path with mem.limit=0" without a stack
>> >> >> trace (does not give any useful info for user). And return EINVAL if
>> >> >> it can't fly at all? And then leave the "or a kernel bug" part for the
>> >> >> WARNING each occurrence of which we do want to be reported to kernel
>> >> >> developers.
>> >> >
>> >> > But this is not applicable here. Your misconfiguration is quite obvious
>> >> > because you simply set the hard limit to 0. This is not the only
>> >> > situation when this can happen. There is no clear point to tell, you are
>> >> > doing this wrong. If it was we would do it at that point obviously.
>> >>
>> >> But, isn't there a point were hard limit is set to 0? I would expect
>> >> there is a something like cgroup file write handler with a value of 0
>> >> or something.
>> >
>> > Yeah, but this is only one instance of the problem. Other is that the
>> > memcg is not reclaimable for any other reasons. And we do not know what
>> > those might be
>> >
>> >>
>> >> > If you have a strong reason to believe that this is an abuse of WARN I
>> >> > am all happy to change that. But I haven't heard any yet, to be honest.
>> >>
>> >> WARN must not be used for anything that is not kernel bugs. If this is
>> >> not kernel bug, WARN must not be used here.
>> >
>> > This is rather strong wording without any backing arguments. I strongly
>> > doubt 90% of existing WARN* match this expectation. WARN* has
>> > traditionally been a way to tell that something suspicious is going on.
>> > Those situation are mostly likely not fatal but it is good to know they
>> > are happening.
>> >
>> > Sure there is that panic_on_warn thingy which you seem to be using and I
>> > suspect it is a reason why you are so careful about warnings in general
>> > but my experience tells me that this configuration is barely usable
>> > except for testing (which is your case).
>> >
>> > But as I've said, I do not insist on WARN here. All I care about is to
>> > warn user that something might go south and this may be either due to
>> > misconfiguration or a subtly wrong memcg reclaim/OOM handler behavior.
>> I am a bit lost. Can limit=0 legally lead to the warnings? Or there is
>> also a kernel bug on top of that and it's actually a kernel bug that
>> provokes the warning?
> As I've tried to tell already. I cannot tell for sure. It is the killed
> oom victim which triggered thw warning and that shouldn't really
> happen. Considering this doesn't reproduce with the current linux next
> nor linus tree and the oom code has changed since the version you have
> tested then I would suspect there was something wrong with the memcg oom
> code. But maybe the test doesn't really reproduce reliably.
>> If it's a kernel bug, then I propose to stop arguing about
>> configuration and concentrate on the bug.
>> If it's just the misconfiguration that triggers the warning, then can
>> we separate the 2 causes of the warning (user misconfiguration and
>> kernel bugs)? Say, return EINVAL when mem limit is set to 0 (and print
>> a line to console if necessary)? Or if the limit=0 is somehow not
>> possible/desirable to detect right away, check limit=0 at the point of
>> the warning and don't want?
> No we simply cannot. There is numerous situations when this can trigger.
> Say you set the hard limit to N and then try to fault in shmem file with
> the size >= N. No oom killer will help to reclaim memory. Or say you
> migrate the all tasks away from the memcg and then somebody triggers the
> memcg OOM in that group. There is simply nobody to kill. See the point?
> There is simply no direct contection between the configuration and
> actual problem. Too many things might happen between those two points.
> Let me repeat. We do warn because we want to hear if this happens. WARN
> tends to be a good way to get that attention. If you strongly believe
> this is an abuse I won't mind seeing a patch to turn it into something
> different.

I don't believe it is an abuse, I don't know this code well. Let's
assume the misconfiguration is a red-herring for now then.

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