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Subject[PATCH v3 10/14] sched/core: uclamp: map TG's clamp values into CPU's clamp groups
Date
Utilization clamping requires to map each different clamp value
into one of the available clamp groups used by the scheduler's fast-path
to account for RUNNABLE tasks. Thus, each time a TG's clamp value is
updated we need to get a reference to the new value's clamp group and
release a reference to the previous one.

Let's ensure that, whenever a task group is assigned a specific
clamp_value, this is properly translated into a unique clamp group to be
used in the fast-path (i.e. at enqueue/dequeue time).
We do that by slightly refactoring uclamp_group_get() to make the
*task_struct parameter optional. This allows to re-use the code already
available to support the per-task API.

Signed-off-by: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>
Cc: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>
Cc: Todd Kjos <tkjos@google.com>
Cc: Joel Fernandes <joelaf@google.com>
Cc: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@redhat.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org

---
Changes in v3:
Message-ID: <CAJuCfpF6=L=0LrmNnJrTNPazT4dWKqNv+thhN0dwpKCgUzs9sg@mail.gmail.com>
- add explicit calls to uclamp_group_find(), which is now not more
part of uclamp_group_get()
Others:
- rebased on tip/sched/core
Changes in v2:
- rebased on v4.18-rc4
- this code has been split from a previous patch to simplify the review
---
include/linux/sched.h | 2 +
kernel/sched/core.c | 114 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
2 files changed, 111 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 3fac2d098084..04f3b47a31bc 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -583,6 +583,8 @@ struct sched_dl_entity {
*
* A utilization clamp group maps a "clamp value" (value), i.e.
* util_{min,max}, to a "clamp group index" (group_id).
+ * The same "group_id" can be used by multiple TG's to enforce the same
+ * clamp "value" for a given clamp index.
*/
struct uclamp_se {
/* Utilization constraint for tasks in this group */
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index f692df3787bd..01229864fd93 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -1205,7 +1205,8 @@ static inline void uclamp_group_get(struct task_struct *p,
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uc_map[next_group_id].se_lock, flags);

/* Update CPU's clamp group refcounts of RUNNABLE task */
- uclamp_task_update_active(p, clamp_id, next_group_id);
+ if (p)
+ uclamp_task_update_active(p, clamp_id, next_group_id);

/* Release the previous clamp group */
uclamp_group_put(clamp_id, prev_group_id);
@@ -1262,22 +1263,60 @@ static inline int alloc_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg,
{
struct uclamp_se *uc_se;
int clamp_id;
+ int group_id;

for (clamp_id = 0; clamp_id < UCLAMP_CNT; ++clamp_id) {
uc_se = &tg->uclamp[clamp_id];

uc_se->value = parent->uclamp[clamp_id].value;
uc_se->group_id = UCLAMP_NOT_VALID;
+
uc_se->effective.value =
parent->uclamp[clamp_id].effective.value;
uc_se->effective.group_id =
parent->uclamp[clamp_id].effective.group_id;
+
+ /*
+ * Find a valid group_id.
+ * Since it's a parent clone this will never fail.
+ */
+ group_id = uclamp_group_find(clamp_id, uc_se->value);
+#ifdef SCHED_DEBUG
+ if (unlikely(group_id == -ENOSPC)) {
+ WARN(1, "invalid clamp group [%d:%d] cloning\n",
+ clamp_id, parent->uclamp[clamp_id].group_id);
+ return 0;
+ }
+#endif
+ uclamp_group_get(NULL, clamp_id, group_id, uc_se,
+ parent->uclamp[clamp_id].value);
}

return 1;
}
+
+/**
+ * release_uclamp_sched_group: release utilization clamp references of a TG
+ * @tg: the task group being removed
+ *
+ * An empty task group can be removed only when it has no more tasks or child
+ * groups. This means that we can also safely release all the reference
+ * counting to clamp groups.
+ */
+static inline void free_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg)
+{
+ struct uclamp_se *uc_se;
+ int clamp_id;
+
+ for (clamp_id = 0; clamp_id < UCLAMP_CNT; ++clamp_id) {
+ uc_se = &tg->uclamp[clamp_id];
+ uclamp_group_put(clamp_id, uc_se->group_id);
+ }
+}
+
#else /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP */
static inline void init_uclamp_sched_group(void) { }
+static inline void free_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg) { }
static inline int alloc_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg,
struct task_group *parent)
{
@@ -1389,6 +1428,7 @@ static void __init init_uclamp(void)
#else /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */
static inline void uclamp_cpu_get(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p) { }
static inline void uclamp_cpu_put(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p) { }
+static inline void free_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg) { }
static inline int alloc_uclamp_sched_group(struct task_group *tg,
struct task_group *parent)
{
@@ -6958,6 +6998,7 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(task_group_lock);

static void sched_free_group(struct task_group *tg)
{
+ free_uclamp_sched_group(tg);
free_fair_sched_group(tg);
free_rt_sched_group(tg);
autogroup_free(tg);
@@ -7203,8 +7244,36 @@ static void cpu_cgroup_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset)
}

#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK_GROUP
+/**
+ * cpu_util_update_hier: propagete effective clamp down the hierarchy
+ * @css: the task group to update
+ * @clamp_id: the clamp index to update
+ * @value: the new task group clamp value
+ * @group_id: the group index mapping the new task clamp value
+ *
+ * The effective clamp for a TG is expected to track the most restrictive
+ * value between the TG's clamp value and it's parent effective clamp value.
+ * This method achieve that:
+ * 1. updating the current TG effective value
+ * 2. walking all the descendant task group that needs an update
+ *
+ * A TG's effective clamp needs to be updated when its current value is not
+ * matching the TG's clamp value. In this case indeed either:
+ * a) the parent has got a more relaxed clamp value
+ * thus potentially we can relax the effective value for this group
+ * b) the parent has got a more strict clamp value
+ * thus potentially we have to restrict the effective value of this group
+ *
+ * Restriction and relaxation of current TG's effective clamp values needs to
+ * be propagated down to all the descendants. When a subgroup is found which
+ * has already its effective clamp value matching its clamp value, then we can
+ * safely skip all its descendants which are granted to be already in sync.
+ *
+ * The TG's group_id is also updated to ensure it tracks the effective clamp
+ * value.
+ */
static void cpu_util_update_hier(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
- int clamp_id, int value)
+ int clamp_id, int value, int group_id)
{
struct cgroup_subsys_state *top_css = css;
struct uclamp_se *uc_se, *uc_parent;
@@ -7232,20 +7301,25 @@ static void cpu_util_update_hier(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
}

/* Propagate the most restrictive effective value */
- if (uc_parent->effective.value < value)
+ if (uc_parent->effective.value < value) {
value = uc_parent->effective.value;
+ group_id = uc_parent->effective.group_id;
+ }
if (uc_se->effective.value == value)
continue;

uc_se->effective.value = value;
+ uc_se->effective.group_id = group_id;
}
}

static int cpu_util_min_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
struct cftype *cftype, u64 min_value)
{
+ struct uclamp_se *uc_se;
struct task_group *tg;
int ret = -EINVAL;
+ int group_id;

if (min_value > SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
return -ERANGE;
@@ -7261,8 +7335,22 @@ static int cpu_util_min_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
if (tg->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX].value < min_value)
goto out;

+ /* Find a valid group_id */
+ ret = uclamp_group_find(UCLAMP_MIN, min_value);
+ if (ret == -ENOSPC) {
+ pr_err("Cannot allocate more than %d UTIL_MIN clamp groups\n",
+ CONFIG_UCLAMP_GROUPS_COUNT);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ group_id = ret;
+ ret = 0;
+
/* Update effective clamps to track the most restrictive value */
- cpu_util_update_hier(css, UCLAMP_MIN, min_value);
+ cpu_util_update_hier(css, UCLAMP_MIN, min_value, group_id);
+
+ /* Update TG's reference count */
+ uc_se = &tg->uclamp[UCLAMP_MIN];
+ uclamp_group_get(NULL, UCLAMP_MIN, group_id, uc_se, min_value);

out:
rcu_read_unlock();
@@ -7274,8 +7362,10 @@ static int cpu_util_min_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
static int cpu_util_max_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
struct cftype *cftype, u64 max_value)
{
+ struct uclamp_se *uc_se;
struct task_group *tg;
int ret = -EINVAL;
+ int group_id;

if (max_value > SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
return -ERANGE;
@@ -7291,8 +7381,22 @@ static int cpu_util_max_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
if (tg->uclamp[UCLAMP_MIN].value > max_value)
goto out;

+ /* Find a valid group_id */
+ ret = uclamp_group_find(UCLAMP_MAX, max_value);
+ if (ret == -ENOSPC) {
+ pr_err("Cannot allocate more than %d UTIL_MAX clamp groups\n",
+ CONFIG_UCLAMP_GROUPS_COUNT);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ group_id = ret;
+ ret = 0;
+
/* Update effective clamps to track the most restrictive value */
- cpu_util_update_hier(css, UCLAMP_MAX, max_value);
+ cpu_util_update_hier(css, UCLAMP_MAX, max_value, group_id);
+
+ /* Update TG's reference count */
+ uc_se = &tg->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX];
+ uclamp_group_get(NULL, UCLAMP_MAX, group_id, uc_se, max_value);

out:
rcu_read_unlock();
--
2.18.0
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