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SubjectRe: [PATCH] USB: OHCI: ohci-sm501: complete URBs in BH context
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On 08/05/2018 11:31 AM, Alan Stern wrote:
> On Sat, 4 Aug 2018, Guenter Roeck wrote:
>
>> On Sat, Aug 04, 2018 at 10:50:15AM -0400, Alan Stern wrote:
>>> On Fri, 3 Aug 2018, Guenter Roeck wrote:
>>>
>>>> Testing an USB drive connected to ohci-sm501 results in a large number
>>>> of runtime warnings.
>>>>
>>>> WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 0 at ./include/linux/dma-mapping.h:541
>>>> hcd_buffer_free+0x148/0x178
>>>> Modules linked in:
>>>>
>>>> CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper Not tainted 4.18.0-rc7-00014-g7ec386e4c991-dirty
>>>> PC is at hcd_buffer_free+0x148/0x178
>>>> PR is at hcd_buffer_free+0x66/0x178
>>>> PC : 8c26cbb0 SP : 8c481da8 SR : 400080f1
>>>> TEA : c00c8fe0
>>>> R0 : 000000f0 R1 : 000000f0 R2 : 8f9bb890 R3 : 00000000
>>>> R4 : 8f9c8800 R5 : 00001004 R6 : b07c6000 R7 : 007c6000
>>>> R8 : 00001004 R9 : 8f9bb814 R10 : 8c388104 R11 : 007c6000
>>>> R12 : b07c6000 R13 : 8f875680 R14 : 00000000
>>>> MACH: 000002fe MACL: 0000017c GBR : 00000000 PR : 8c26cace
>>>>
>>>> Call trace:
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] usb_hcd_unmap_urb_for_dma+0xf4/0x13c
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] arch_local_save_flags+0x0/0x8
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] __usb_hcd_giveback_urb+0x2e/0xdc
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] arch_local_save_flags+0x0/0x8
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] finish_urb+0x8a/0x164
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] arch_local_save_flags+0x0/0x8
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] printk+0x0/0x48
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] ohci_work.part.11+0x150/0x41c
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] td_done.isra.4+0x0/0x11c
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] vprintk_default+0x14/0x20
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] arch_local_save_flags+0x0/0x8
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] ohci_irq+0x20c/0x314
>>>> [<(ptrval)>] usb_hcd_irq+0x16/0x28
>>>>
>>>> Code analysis shows that interrupts are indeed disabled in ohci_irq().
>>>> Handle the situation by setting the HCD_BH flag in the ohci-sm501 driver.
>>>> With this flag set, urbs are released in a tasklet and not by the
>>>> interrupt handler.
>>>>
>>>> Fixes: f54aab6ebcecd ("usb: ohci-sm501 driver")
>>>> Signed-off-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
>>>
>>> Unfortunately, one must not simply turn on this flag. Doing so will
>>> violate some of the documented requirements for scheduling of periodic
>>> transfers. Significantly deeper changes to the OHCI driver are
>>> necessary before the flag is set.
>>>
>>
>> Well, it was worth a try. Note that I did try to figure out if there are
>> any pitfalls when setting HCD_BH, but I didn't find anything. Reminds me
>> of Hitchhiker through the Galaxy for some reason.
>
> The interactions are pretty subtle, and the descriptions are hidden in
> the kerneldoc for usb_submit_urb and usb_unlink_urb. ehci-hcd, for
> example, required a number of non-obvious changes when it was converted
> to use HCD_BH. If anyone wants to write something similar for
> ohci-hcd I'll be happy to review it, but I don't want to write it
> myself. (Besides, speeding up the time spent in interrupt handling

Not me. I stumbled over the problem while enhancing my qemu boot tests,
after attaching a USB drive to the sm501-ohci controller on a virtual sh4
system. Who knows if that system is still used in the real world and,
if it does, if it runs a recent kernel. Worth a quick fix, but not a major
code overhaul - even more so without access to real hardware.

> seems less urgent for OHCI, which runs much slower than EHCI and is
> not getting used very much in new hardware.)
>
> Another way to attack this problem would be to allow DMA unmapping in
> interrupt context. I have never understood why DMA mapping is okay
> with this but unmapping isn't.
>

AFAICS it used to be interrupt tolerant for all but x86 up to commit
6894258eda ("dma-mapping: consolidate dma_{alloc,free}_{attrs,coherent}").
A quick test shows that the warning is indeed not seen if I run my test
on v3.18.y.

You would have to ask Christoph why it is now interrupt-intolerant for all
architectures.

Guenter

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