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SubjectRe: TLB flushes on fixmap changes
On Mon, Aug 27, 2018 at 3:54 PM, Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@gmail.com> wrote:
> at 3:32 PM, Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> wrote:
>
>> On Mon, Aug 27, 2018 at 2:55 PM, Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@gmail.com> wrote:
>>> at 1:16 PM, Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>> at 12:58 PM, Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> wrote:
>>>>
>>>>> On Mon, Aug 27, 2018 at 12:43 PM, Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>> at 12:10 PM, Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>>> at 11:58 AM, Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> wrote:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Mon, Aug 27, 2018 at 11:54 AM, Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> On Mon, Aug 27, 2018 at 10:34 AM, Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> What do you all think?
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> I agree in general. But I think that current->mm would need to be loaded, as
>>>>>>>>> otherwise I am afraid it would break switch_mm_irqs_off().
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> What breaks?
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Actually nothing. I just saw the IBPB stuff regarding tsk, but it should not
>>>>>>> matter.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> So here is what I got. It certainly needs some cleanup, but it boots.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Let me know how crappy you find it...
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
>>>>>> index bbc796eb0a3b..336779650a41 100644
>>>>>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
>>>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
>>>>>> @@ -343,4 +343,24 @@ static inline unsigned long __get_current_cr3_fast(void)
>>>>>> return cr3;
>>>>>> }
>>>>>>
>>>>>> +typedef struct {
>>>>>> + struct mm_struct *prev;
>>>>>> +} temporary_mm_state_t;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +static inline temporary_mm_state_t use_temporary_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
>>>>>> +{
>>>>>> + temporary_mm_state_t state;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> + lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
>>>>>> + state.prev = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm);
>>>>>> + switch_mm_irqs_off(NULL, mm, current);
>>>>>> + return state;
>>>>>> +}
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +static inline void unuse_temporary_mm(temporary_mm_state_t prev)
>>>>>> +{
>>>>>> + lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
>>>>>> + switch_mm_irqs_off(NULL, prev.prev, current);
>>>>>> +}
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> #endif /* _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H */
>>>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
>>>>>> index 5715647fc4fe..ef62af9a0ef7 100644
>>>>>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
>>>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
>>>>>> @@ -976,6 +976,10 @@ static inline void __meminit init_trampoline_default(void)
>>>>>> /* Default trampoline pgd value */
>>>>>> trampoline_pgd_entry = init_top_pgt[pgd_index(__PAGE_OFFSET)];
>>>>>> }
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +void __init patching_mm_init(void);
>>>>>> +#define patching_mm_init patching_mm_init
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> # ifdef CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY
>>>>>> void __meminit init_trampoline(void);
>>>>>> # else
>>>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h
>>>>>> index 054765ab2da2..9f44262abde0 100644
>>>>>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h
>>>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h
>>>>>> @@ -116,6 +116,9 @@ extern unsigned int ptrs_per_p4d;
>>>>>> #define LDT_PGD_ENTRY (pgtable_l5_enabled() ? LDT_PGD_ENTRY_L5 : LDT_PGD_ENTRY_L4)
>>>>>> #define LDT_BASE_ADDR (LDT_PGD_ENTRY << PGDIR_SHIFT)
>>>>>>
>>>>>> +#define TEXT_POKE_PGD_ENTRY -5UL
>>>>>> +#define TEXT_POKE_ADDR (TEXT_POKE_PGD_ENTRY << PGDIR_SHIFT)
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> #define __VMALLOC_BASE_L4 0xffffc90000000000UL
>>>>>> #define __VMALLOC_BASE_L5 0xffa0000000000000UL
>>>>>>
>>>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>>>>>> index 99fff853c944..840c72ec8c4f 100644
>>>>>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>>>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>>>>>> @@ -505,6 +505,9 @@ pgprot_t phys_mem_access_prot(struct file *file, unsigned long pfn,
>>>>>> /* Install a pte for a particular vaddr in kernel space. */
>>>>>> void set_pte_vaddr(unsigned long vaddr, pte_t pte);
>>>>>>
>>>>>> +struct mm_struct;
>>>>>> +void set_mm_pte_vaddr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t pte);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
>>>>>> extern void native_pagetable_init(void);
>>>>>> #else
>>>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
>>>>>> index 2ecd34e2d46c..cb364ea5b19d 100644
>>>>>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
>>>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
>>>>>> @@ -38,4 +38,6 @@ extern void *text_poke(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len);
>>>>>> extern int poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs);
>>>>>> extern void *text_poke_bp(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len, void *handler);
>>>>>>
>>>>>> +extern struct mm_struct *patching_mm;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> #endif /* _ASM_X86_TEXT_PATCHING_H */
>>>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
>>>>>> index a481763a3776..fd8a950b0d62 100644
>>>>>> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
>>>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
>>>>>> @@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
>>>>>> #include <linux/stop_machine.h>
>>>>>> #include <linux/slab.h>
>>>>>> #include <linux/kdebug.h>
>>>>>> +#include <linux/mmu_context.h>
>>>>>> #include <asm/text-patching.h>
>>>>>> #include <asm/alternative.h>
>>>>>> #include <asm/sections.h>
>>>>>> @@ -701,8 +702,36 @@ void *text_poke(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len)
>>>>>> WARN_ON(!PageReserved(pages[0]));
>>>>>> pages[1] = virt_to_page(addr + PAGE_SIZE);
>>>>>> }
>>>>>> - BUG_ON(!pages[0]);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> local_irq_save(flags);
>>>>>> + BUG_ON(!pages[0]);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> + /*
>>>>>> + * During initial boot, it is hard to initialize patching_mm due to
>>>>>> + * dependencies in boot order.
>>>>>> + */
>>>>>> + if (patching_mm) {
>>>>>> + pte_t pte;
>>>>>> + temporary_mm_state_t prev;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> + prev = use_temporary_mm(patching_mm);
>>>>>> + pte = mk_pte(pages[0], PAGE_KERNEL);
>>>>>> + set_mm_pte_vaddr(patching_mm, TEXT_POKE_ADDR, pte);
>>>>>> + pte = mk_pte(pages[1], PAGE_KERNEL);
>>>>>> + set_mm_pte_vaddr(patching_mm, TEXT_POKE_ADDR + PAGE_SIZE, pte);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> + memcpy((void *)(TEXT_POKE_ADDR | ((unsigned long)addr & ~PAGE_MASK)),
>>>>>> + opcode, len);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> + set_mm_pte_vaddr(patching_mm, TEXT_POKE_ADDR, __pte(0));
>>>>>> + set_mm_pte_vaddr(patching_mm, TEXT_POKE_ADDR + PAGE_SIZE, __pte(0));
>>>>>> + local_flush_tlb();
>>>>>
>>>>> Hmm. This is stuff busted on SMP, and it's IMO more complicated than
>>>>> needed. How about getting rid of all the weird TLB flushing stuff and
>>>>> instead putting the mapping at vaddr - __START_KERNEL_map or whatever
>>>>> it is? You *might* need to flush_tlb_mm_range() on module unload, but
>>>>> that's it.
>>>>
>>>> I don’t see what’s wrong in SMP, since this entire piece of code should be
>>>> running under text_mutex.
>>>>
>>>> I don’t quite understand your proposal. I really don’t want to have any
>>>> chance in which the page-tables for the poked address is not preallocated.
>>>>
>>>> It is more complicated than needed, and there are redundant TLB flushes. The
>>>> reason I preferred to do it this way, is in order not to use other functions
>>>> that take locks during the software page-walk and not to duplicate existing
>>>> code. Yet, duplication might be the way to go.
>>>>
>>>>>> + sync_core();
>>>>>
>>>>> I can't think of any case where sync_core() is needed. The mm switch
>>>>> serializes.
>>>>
>>>> Good point!
>>>>
>>>>> Also, is there any circumstance in which any of this is used before at
>>>>> least jump table init? All the early stuff is text_poke_early(),
>>>>> right?
>>>>
>>>> Not before jump_label_init. However, I did not manage to get rid of the two
>>>> code-patches in text_poke(), since text_poke is used relatively early by
>>>> x86_late_time_init(), and at this stage kmem_cache_alloc() - which is needed
>>>> to duplicate init_mm - still fails.
>>>
>>> Another correction: the populate_extra_pte() is not needed.
>>>
>>> Anyhow, if you want to do this whole thing differently, I obviously will not
>>> object, but I think it will end up more complicated.
>>>
>>> I think I finally understood your comment about "vaddr -
>>> __START_KERNEL_map”. I did something like that before, and it is not
>>> super-simple. You need not only to conditionally flush the TLB, but also
>>> to synchronize the PUD/PMD on changes. Don’t forget that module memory
>>> is installed even when BPF programs are installed.
>>>
>>> Let me know if you want me to submit cleaner patches or you want to carry on
>>> yourself.
>>
>> I think your approach is a good start and should be good enough (with
>> cleanups) as a fix for the bug. But I think your code has the same
>> bug that we have now! You're reusing the same address on multiple
>> CPUs without flushing. You can easily fix it by forcing a flush
>> before loading the mm, which should be as simple as adding
>> flush_tlb_mm() before you load the mm. (It won't actually flush
>> anything by itself, since the mm isn't loaded, but it will update the
>> bookkeeping so that switch_mm_irqs_off() flushes the mm.)
>
> What am I missing?
>
> We have a lock (text_mutex) which prevents the use of the new page-table
> hierarchy on multiple CPUs. In addition we have __set_pte_vaddr() which does
> a local TLB flush before the lock is released and before IRQs are enabled.
> So how can the PTE be cached on multiple CPUs?
>
> Yes, __set_pte_vaddr() is ugly and flushes too much. I’ll try to remove some
> redundant TLB flushes, but these flushes are already there.

I missed that set_pte_vaddr() contained a flush. It's probably nicer
to use one of the APIs that doesn't imply a flush. If you end up with
vm_insert_pfn() or similar, you can use can use copy_to_user() if
needed :)

>
>> Also, please at least get rid of TEXT_POKE_ADDR. If you don't want to
>> do the vaddr - __START_KERNEL_map thing, then at least pick an address
>> in the low half of the address space such as 0 :) Ideally you'd only
>> use this thing late enough that you could even use the normal
>> insert_pfn (or similar) API for it, but that doesn't really matter.
>
> Perhaps the vaddr - __START_KERNEL_map actually makes sense. I was
> misunderstanding it (again) before, thinking you want me to use vaddr (and
> not the delta). I’ll give it a try.

It does prevent easy preallocation of the intermediate tables.

And do we really allow text_poke() / text_poke_bp() on BPF programs? Hmm.

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